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Chapter 205
ﻪﺘﻗو نﺎﻴﺑو ةﺪآﺄﺘﻣ ﺔﻨﺳ ﻪﻧأ نﺎﻴﺑو ﺮﺗﻮﻟا ةﻼﺻ ﻰﻠﻋ ﱢﺚﺤﻟا بﺎﺑ
Witr Prayer, its Time and Ruling
َلﺎﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ٍّﻲﻠﻋ ْﻦَﻋ
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ﱠﻦَﺳ ْﻦِﻜﻟو ، ِﺔَﺑﻮُﺘْﻜﻤﻟا ِةﻼَﺼَآ ٍﻢْﺘَﺤِﺑ ﺲْﻴَﻟ ُﺮِﺗﻮﻟا
َلﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
» ﻟا ﱠنإ
ِنﺁْﺮُﻘْﻟا َﻞْهَأ ﺎَﻳ ، اوُﺮِﺗْوَﺄﻓ ، َﺮْﺗﻮْﻟا ﱡﺐِﺤُﻳ ٌﺮﺗِو ﻪﱠﻠ
َلﺎَﻗو يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟاو دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
ٌﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
`Ali (bin Abu Talib) (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Witr prayer is not obligatory as the
prescribed Salat (prayers), but the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) observed it as his regular practice (Sunnah). He
(PBUH) said, "
Allah is Witr (single, odd) and loves what is Witr. So perform Witr prayer. O followers of Qur'an,
observe Witr (prayer)
[At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].
'' literally means odd number. "Allah is Witr'' means He is One in Attributes and Actions and
has no equal. Witr prayer is also called Witr for the reason that it is performed in one, three, five and seven Rak`ah.
It is not permissible to perform it in an even number, like two, four, six, eight etc. Thus, we learn from this Hadith
that Witr is not Fard and Wajib but Sunnah Mu'akkadah (
). But it would not be correct to show any
slackness in performing them to this reason because every Muslim should do his level best to follow the Sunnah of
the Prophet (PBUH).
ْﺖَﻟﺎَﻗ ، ﺎَﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿر َﺔَﺸِﺋﺎَﻋ ْﻦَﻋَو
ِلﱠوَأ ْﻦِﻣ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ﺮَﺗْوَأ ْﺪَﻗ ِﻞْﻴﻠﻟا ﱢﻞُآ ْﻦِﻣ
ِﻩِﺮِﺧﺁ ْﻦِﻣَو ، ِﻪِﻄَﺳْوَأ ﻦَﻣو ، ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا
ِﺮَﺤﱠﺴﻟا ﻰﻟإ ُﻩُﺮْﺗِو ﻰﻬَﺘْﻧاَو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) observed Witr prayer in
every part of night at the beginning, middle and at the last part. He (PBUH), however, would finish his Witr prayer
before dawn
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith tells us the timing of Witr prayer. Its earliest time is soon after `Isha' prayer and its time
is just before dawn.
َلﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﱠﻨﻟا ِﻦَﻋ ، ﺎَﻤﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر َﺮﻤُﻋ ِﻦﺑا ِﻦﻋو
ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟﺎِﺑ ْﻢُﻜِﺗﻼﺻ َﺮِﺧﺁ اﻮﻠﻌْﺟا
ًاﺮْﺗِو «
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "
Make Witr prayer the last
of your Salat at night
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Some `Ulama' are of the opinion that after performing the Witr prayer, it is not permissible to
perform any other Nawafil prayers because the Prophet (PBUH) ordered to make it the last Salat. But Imam An-
Nawawi and some other scholars have interpreted it as "
'' rather than an order, because we do find instances
in which the Prophet (PBUH) performed two Rak`ah Nafl prayer in the sitting position after Witr prayer. It is,
therefore, better to go by this Hadith. But if someone wants to perform two Rak`ah Nafl prayer after Witr, prayer it
is permissible.
َلﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﱠنَأ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿر ﱢيِرْﺪُﺨﻟا ٍﺪﻴﻌﺳ ﻲﺑَأ ْﻦَﻋَو
ْﺒﻗ اوُﺮِﺗْوَأ
ْنَأ َﻞ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "
Perform Witr
prayer before dawn
َﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﱠنَأ ، ﺎَﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ، َﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋو
ﻲِهو ، ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟﺎِﺑ ُﻪَﺗﻼَﺻ ﻲﱢﻠﺼُﻳ َنﺎآ ﻢﱠﻠ
ْتﺮﺗْوَﺄَﻓ ﺎِﻬﻈِﻘﻳَأ ، ُﺮْﺗِﻮﻟا َﻲِﻘﺑ اذﺈَﻓ ، ِﻪﻳَﺪَﻳ َﻦﻴﺑ ٌﺔَﺿِﺮَﺘْﻌُﻣ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور