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Chapter 206
ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﺔﻈﻓﺎﺤﻤﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﱢﺚﺤﻟاو ، ﺎﻬﻄﺳوأو ﺎهﺮﺜآأو ﺎﻬﱢﻠﻗأ نﺎﻴﺑو ﻰﺤﻀﻟا ةﻼﺻ ﻞﻀﻓ بﺎﺑ
Merit of the (Optional) Duha (Forenoon) Prayer
لﺎﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿَر َةﺮﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑَأ ْﻦﻋ
ِﺔَﺛﻼَﺛ ِمﺎﻴِﺼﺑ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﻠﻴﻠَﺧ ﻲﻧﺎَﺻوأ
ﱢﻞُآ ﻦِﻣ ٍمﺎﱠﻳَأ
ﺪُﻗْرَأ ْنَأ ﻞﺒَﻗ َﺮِﺗوُأ ْنَأو ، ﻰَﺤﱡﻀﻟا ﻲﺘَﻌْآرو ، ﺮﻬﺷ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ﻞﻀﻓأ ﻞﻴﱠﻠﻟا ﺮﺧﺂﻓ ﻖﺛو ْنﺈﻓ ﻞﻴﱠﻠﻟا ﺮﺧﺁ ظﺎﻘﻴﺘﺳﻻﺎﺑ ُﻖِﺜَﻳ ﻻ ﻦﻤﻟ ﱡﺐَﺤَﺘْﺴُﻳ ﺎﻤﻧإ مﻮﻨﻟا ﻞﺒﻗ رﺎﺘﻳﻹاو
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
My Khalil (the Messenger of Allah (PBUH))
directed me to fast three days of each month, and to observe two Rak`ah Duha (optional prayer) at forenoon, and to
perform the Witr prayer before going to bed
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Three days
'' can be any three days of a month, but it is better if one opts 13th, 14th and 15th of
every lunar month because the Prophet (PBUH) used to observe fasting on these days.
This Hadith also highlights the importance of Duha and Witr prayer, and proves the merit of giving counsel
persuasion and inducement for virtuous deeds.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿَر رَذ ﻲﺑَأ ْﻦَﻋو
ْﻦِﻣ ﻰَﻣﻼُﺳ ﱢﻞُآ ﻰﻠَﻋ ُﺢِﺒﺼُﻳ
ٌﺔَﻗﺪﺻ ْﻢُآِﺪﺣَأ
و ، ﺔﻗﺪﺻ ةﺪﻴﻤﺤﺗ ﻞآو، ٌﺔﻗَﺪﺻ ﺔﺤﻴِﺒﺴَﺗ ﱡﻞُﻜَﻓ
ﺮﻣَأو ، ٌﺔﻗَﺪﺻ ةﺮﻴﺒﻜﺗ ﱡﻞُآَو ، ٌﺔَﻗَﺪﺻ ٍﺔَﻠﻴﻠﻬَﺗ ﻞُآ
ﻰﺤﻀﻟا َﻦِﻣ ﺎﻤُﻬُﻌَآﺮﻳ ِنﺎَﺘﻌْآر َﻚﻟذ ﻦِﻣ ئِﺰْﺠُﻳو ، ٌﺔَﻗﺪﺻ ِﺮَﻜْﻨُﻤﻟا ِﻦﻋ ٌﻲﻬﻧو ، ٌﺔَﻗﺪﺻ ِفوﺮْﻌﻤﻟﺎﺑ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him)reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "
In the morning, charity is
due on every joint bone of the body of everyone of you. Every utterance of Allah's Glorification (i.e., saying Subhan
Allah) is an act of charity, and every utterance of His Praise (i.e., saying Al-hamdu lillah) is an act of charity and
every utterance of declaration of His Greatness (i.e., saying La ilaha illAllah) is an act of charity; and enjoining
M`aruf (good) is an act of charity, and forbidding Munkar (evil) is an act of charity, and two Rak`ah Duha prayers
which one performs in the forenoon is equal to all this (in reward)
Charity is due from every joint bone
" means that when a person gets up in the morning, it is
obligatory for him to thank Allah for having every joint of his intact. Therefore, one must praise and glorify Allah.
Since a single invocation of the words mentioned in this Hadith is equivalent to one Sadaqah, one must say these
words for 360 times - a number which equals the number of joints in man's body. Moreover, to enjoin someone to
do what is good and dissuade somebody from vice constitutes Sadaqah. However, if one performs two Rak`ah of
Duha prayer, it will serve for Sadaqah for all the joints of the body. Thus, this Hadith highlights the merits and
importance of Duha prayer. We also learn from this Hadith that Sadaqah is not restricted to spending money alone
but also has a vast meaning and covers all forms of virtues mentioned here.
ْﺖﻟﺎﻗ ، ﺎﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر َﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ْﻦَﻋو
، ًﺎﻌﺑْرَأ ﻰَﺤﱡﻀﻟا ﻲﱢﻠﺼﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َنﺎآ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َءﺎﺷ ﺎﻣ ُﺪﻳَﺰﻳو
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to perform four
Rak`ah of Duha prayer (at the forenoon) and would add to them whatever Allah wished
We learn from this Hadith that the Prophet (PBUH) used to perform usually four Rak`ah in Duha
prayers but sometimes he also performed more. In some of the Ahadith, their number varies from two to eight. One
is therefore free to perform two, four or eight Rak`ah according to his convenience.
ْﺖﻟﺎَﻗ ، ﺎﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ٍﺐﻟﺎﻃ ﻲﺑَأ ِﺖﻨﺑ َﺔﺘِﺧﺎﻓ ٍءﻲﻧﺎه ﱢمُأ ْﻦﻋو
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﻰﻟِإ ُﺖْﺒَهذ
ﻰﺤُﺿ َﻚﻟذَو ، ٍتﺎﻌآَر َﻲﻧﺎﻤَﺛ ﻰﱠﻠَﺻ ، ِﻪِﻠْﺴُﻏ ْﻦِﻣ َغَﺮَﻓ ﺎﱠﻤَﻠَﻓ ، ُﻞِﺴَﺘْﻐﻳ ﻪُﺗْﺪﺟﻮَﻓ ِﺢْﺘَﻔﻟا ٍمﺎﻋ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ تﺎﻳاور ىﺪﺣإ ﻆﻔﻟ ﺮﺼﺘﺨﻣ ا