Page 509 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 212
ﻞﻴﻠﻟا مﺎﻴﻗ ﻞﻀﻓ بﺎﺑ
Excellence of Standing in Prayer at Night
Allah, the Exalted, says:
And in some parts of the night (also) perform the Salat (prayer) with it (i.e., recite the Qur'an in the prayer)
as an additional prayer (Tahajjud optional prayer - Nawafil) for you (O Muhammad (PBUH)). It may be that
your Rubb will raise you to Maqam Mahmud (a station of praise and glory, i.e., the honour of intercession on
the Day of Resurrection).
'' (17:79)
Their sides forsake their beds...
'' (32:16)
They used to sleep but little by night [invoking their Rubb (Allah) and praying, with fear and hope]
ْﺖَﻟﺎَﻗ ، ﺎﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر َﺔَﺸِﺋﺎﻋ ﻦَﻋَو
ﺮﱠﻄﻔَﺘَﺗ ﻰﺘَﺣ ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا َﻦِﻣ ُمﻮُﻘَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا َنﺎَآ
ُﻪَﻟ ُﺖْﻠُﻘَﻓ ، ﻩﺎَﻣَﺪَﻗ
َﺮﱠﺧَﺄَﺗ ﺎَﻣَو َﻚِﺒْﻧَذ ﻦِﻣ مﱠﺪَﻘَﺗ ﺎﻣ َﻚَﻟ َﺮِﻔُﻏ ﺪﻗَو ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳر ﺎﻳ اﺬه ُﻊَﻨْﺼَﺗ َﻢِﻟ
َلﺎَﻗ ؟ :
ُنﻮُآَأ ﻼَﻓَأ
اًرﻮُﻜَﺷ اًﺪْﺒَﻋ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ ، ُﻩﻮﺤﻧ َﺔﺒﻌﺷ ِﻦﺑ ِةﺮﻴﻐﻤﻟا ِﻦَﻋو
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) kept standing (in prayer) so long that
the skin of his feet would crack. I asked him: "Why do you do this, while you have been forgiven of your former and
latter sins?'' He said, "
Should I not be a grateful slave of Allah
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith has already been mentioned. It is reproduced here to illustrate the practice of the Prophet
(PBUH) in respect of Qiyam-ul-Lail. It tells us that:
1. The Nafl Salat should be performed with full concentration and peace of mind.
2. The more one is endowed with gifts from Allah, the greater gratitude and worship one should express for them to
3. The best time for showing one's humility before Allah and for worship is the later period of night.
َﻟ َﺔَﻤِﻃﺎﻓَو ُﻪَﻗﺮَﻃ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﱠنَأ ، ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ﱟﻲﻠﻋ ْﻦَﻋَو
َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ، ًﻼْﻴ
ِنﺎَﻴﱢﻠﺼُﺗ ﻻَأ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ُﺔَﻗﺮﻃ «
ﻼْﻴﻟ ُﻩﺎَﺗَأ
`Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) visited me and Fatimah (May Allah be
pleased with her) one night and said, "
Do you not observe prayer (at night)?
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith tells us that one should also awaken others at night for prayer so that they also avail the
benefits of performing prayer at this particular time.
ُﻋ ِﻦﺑ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪﺒﻋ ِﻦﺑ ِﻢﻟﺎﺳ ﻦَﻋو
ﻪِﻴِﺑَأ ﻦَﻋ ، ﻢُﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿر ِبﺎﱠﻄَﺨﻟا ِﻦﺑ َﺮَﻤ
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﱠنَأ
َلﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا َﻦِﻣ ﻲﱢﻠَﺼُﻳ َنﺎآ ﻮَﻟ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﺪﺒﻋ ُﻞﺟﱠﺮﻟا َﻢْﻌِﻧ
ٌﻢِﻟﺎﺳ َلﺎﻗ
ُمﺎَﻨَﻳ ﻻ َﻚﻟذ َﺪْﻌﺑ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﺪْﺒَﻋ َنﺎَﻜَﻓ
ِإ ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا َﻦِﻣ
ًﻼﻴِﻠَﻗ ﱠﻻ .
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Salim bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with them) reported, on the authority of
his father, that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
What an excellent man `Abdullah is! If only he could perform
optional prayers at night.'' Salim said that after this, (his father) `Abdullah slept very little at night
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith points out the excellence of `Abdullah bin `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) as
well as the merits of Qiyam-ul-Lail. It also tells us that it is permissible to praise someone in his presence if one is
sure that he will not become proud due to that praise. Another aspect of this Hadith is that it induces one to wish for
others' welfare and happiness.