Page 511 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
The best
month for observing Saum (fasting) after Ramadan is Muharram, and the best Salat after the prescribed Salat is Salat
at night
The month of Muharram is related to Allah which makes its eminence clear. It shows that in the
optional Saum (
) the most meritorious are those which are observed in this month. After the obligatory Salat,
the most meritorious is the optional Salat performed at night.
َلﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا نَأ ، ﺎَﻤُﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر َﺮَﻤُﻋ ِﻦﺑا ِﻦَﻋَو
اذِﺈَﻓ ،ﻰَﻨْﺜَﻣ ﻰَﻨْﺜَﻣ ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا ُةﻼَﺻ
ِةَﺪِﺣاﻮِﺑ ْﺮِﺗْوَﺄَﻓ ﺢْﺒﱡﺼﻟا َﺖْﻔِﺧ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "
Salat during the night
should consist of pairs of but if you fear that morning is near, then pray one Rak`ah as Witr
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
َلﺎَﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋَو
ﱢﻠﺼُﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا َنﺎَآ
ﺔﻌآَﺮِﺑ ُﺮﺗﻮُﻳَو ، ﻰَﻨْﺜَﻣ ﻰَﻨْﺜَﻣ ﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا َﻦﻣ ﻲ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:
The Prophet (PBUH) performed the night prayer in
pairs (i.e., Rak`ah) and made it odd number by observing one Rak`ah (as Witr)
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Both the foregoing Ahadith tell us that the Nafl Salat performed at night should be in the form of
couplets followed by one Rak`ah of Witr. Thus, this Hadith not only brings out justification for one Rak`ah Witr but
also proves its superiority. Even if one has to perform three Rak`ah Witr, he should first perform two and then
perform one separately.
َلﺎﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿر ٍﺲَﻧَأ ْﻦﻋو
ﱠﻦُﻈَﻧ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ِﺮْﻬﱠﺸﻟا َﻦﻣ ُﺮِﻄﻔُﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر َنﺎَآ
ﱢﻠَﺼُﻣ ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا َﻦِﻣ ُﻩاﺮَﺗ ْنَأ ُءﺎَﺸَﺗ ﻻ َنﺎآَو ، ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ ُﻪْﻨِﻣ َﺮِﻄْﻔُﻳ ﻻ نَأ ﻦُﻈَﻧ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ُمﻮَﺼﻳو ، ُﻪﻨِﻣ مﻮﺼﻳ ﻻ ْنَأ
ُﻪَﺘْﻳَأَر ﻻِإ ًﺎﻴ
ُﻪَﺘْﻳَأَر ﻻِإ ًﺎﻤﺋﺎَﻧ ﻻَو ،
ﱡيرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ُﻩاور
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to leave off observing
Saum (fasting) during a month until we thought that he would not observe Saum at all during it; and (sometimes) he
would observe Saum till we began to think that he would not omit any day of that month. If one wished to see him
performing Salat during the night, he could do that; and if one wished to see him sleeping at night, he could do that
What this Hadith tells us is that whether it was optional Saum (
) or optional Salat (
) of
the night, that is to say Qiyam-ul-Lail, the Prophet (PBUH) did not have a permanent routine for it. Sometimes it so
happened that almost the month passed but he did not observe fasting and then a few days before the end of the
month he would start fasting. Sometimes, he would fast day after day continuously, and it would appear as if he
would continue fasts for the whole month, but he would then suddenly terminate fasts. Similar was the case of
Tahajjud. Sometimes, he would perform Tahajjud prayer in the first portion of the night, sometimes in the second,
and sometimes in its later portion. Thus, he was found sleeping and performing Salat in every part of the night.
ًﺔَﻌْآَر َةَﺮﺸَﻋ ىَﺪْﺣِإ ﻲﱢﻠﺼُﻳ نﺎَآ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳَر ﱠنَأ ، ﺎَﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﺔﺸِﺋﺎﻋ ْﻦَﻋو
ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻲﻨْﻌَﺗ
ْﻘﻳ ﺎَﻣ رْﺪَﻗ َﻚﻟذ ْﻦِﻣ َةَﺪْﺠﱠﺴﻟا ُﺪُﺠْﺴَﻳ
ِﻦْﻴَﺘَﻌْآَر ُﻊَآْﺮَﻳو ، ُﻪﺳْأَر َﻊَﻓْﺮﻳ نَأ َﻞْﺒَﻗ ﺔﻳﺁ ﻦﻴِﺴْﻤَﺧ ْﻢُآُﺪﺣَأ ُأَﺮ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور ، ِةﻼﺼﻠﻟ يِدﺎَﻨُﻤﻟا ُﻪَﻴِﺗْﺄﻳ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ِﻦْﻤﻳَﻷا ِﻪﱢﻘِﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ ُﻊِﺠَﻄْﻀﻳ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ِﺮْﺠَﻔﻟا ِةﻼَﺻ ﻞْﺒَﻗ
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to perform eleven
Rak`ah (of Tahajjud) prayers at night. He (PBUH) would prostrate so long as one of you might recite fifty Ayat (of
the Qur'an). Thereafter, he would perform two Rak`ah before Fajr prayers and would lie down on his right side till
the Mu'adhdhin would come and inform him about the time of (Fajr) prayer
This Hadith tells us that it was a practice of the Prophet (PBUH) to sleep on his right side after
performing two Sunnah of Fajr prayer. It also tells us that he used to make long prostrations in Tahajjud prayer,
because one gets closer to Allah in a state of prostration. This Hadith also stresses on utmost concentration in Salat
as it is highly pleasing to Allah and there is a greater possibility of acceptance of prayer which is made in a state of