Page 513 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
I performed Salat with the Prophet (PBUH) one night,
and he started reciting Surat Al-Baqarah. I thought that he would go in Ruku` (bowing posture in Salat) at the end of
one hundred Ayat, but he continued (reciting); and I thought that he would perhaps recite (this Surah) in the whole
Rak`ah (prayer), but he continued the recitation; I thought he would perhaps bow on completing (this Surah). He
(PBUH) then started reciting Surat An-Nisa' which he followed with Surat Al-Imran. He recited leisurely. When he
recited an Ayah which mentioned the tasbeeh, he would say Subhan Allah and when he recited the Ayah which tells
how the Rubb is to be asked, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) would then ask from Him; and when he (PBUH)
recited an Ayah asking one to seek Protection Allah, he would seek Protection of Allah. Then he bowed and said,
"Subhana Rabbiyal-Azim (My Rubb the Great is free from imperfection)''; his bowing lasted about the same length
of time as his standing, (and then on returning to the standing posture after Ruku`) he would say, "Sami' Allahu
liman hamidah, Rabbana lakal-hamd (Allah listens to him who praises Him. Praise be to You, Our Rubb!),'' and he
would then stand about the same length of time as he had spent in bowing. He would then prostrate himself and say,
"Subhana Rabbiyal-A`la (My Rubb the Supreme is free from imperfection),'' and his prostration lasted nearly the
same length of time as his standing (Qiyam)
This Hadith has already been mentioned. In his commentary on Sahih Muslim, Imam An-Nawawi
has interpreted the words (
occuring in this Hadith
) as "
I thought he would perhaps recite in the whole Rak`ah
.'' Here
Rak`ah means complete Salat (
two Rak`ah
). This interpretation is necessary for the reason that in its absence, the
meanings of the next sentence go wrong. Due to this reason, we have kept these meanings in view in our translation.
In any case, it furnishes justification for the desirability of long Qiyam (
standing in Salat
), the desirability of
congregation in Nafl Salat, and the maintenance of the correct sequence in the recitation of the Surah of the Qur'an
in prayers, which is not accepted by many people.
َلﺎَﻗ ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿر ٍﺮﺑﺎﺟ ْﻦَﻋَو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر َﻞِﺌُﺳ
لﺎﻗ ؟ ُﻞَﻀْﻓَأ ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ﱡيَأ
ِتﻮُﻨُﻘﻟا ُلﻮُﻃ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was asked: "Which Salat is
the best?'' He replied, ''
The best Salat is that in which Qiyam (the duration of standing) is longer
We learn from this Hadith that of all the articles of Salat (
Ruku`, Sujud, etc
.), it is best to lengthen
the Qiyam because the greater the Qiyam is, the longer the recitation of the Qur'an will be. Since the recitation of the
Qur'an is the best form of remembrance of Allah, the lengthening of the Qiyam is also most meritorious.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﱠنَأ ﺎَﻤُﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿَر ، ِ
صﺎَﻌﻟا ِﻦﺑ وﺮْﻤَﻋ ِﻦﺑ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪﺒﻋ ْﻦَﻋَو
ﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا َﻒْﺼِﻧ ُمﺎَﻨَﻳ َنﺎآ ، َدُواَد ُمﺎﻴِﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻰﻟإ ِمﺎﻴﺼﻟا ﱡﺐﺣَأَو ، َدُواَد ُةﻼَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻰﻟإ ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ﱡﺐَﺣَأ
ُمﺎَﻨَﻳو ُﻪَﺜُﻠُﺛ ُمﻮُﻘَﻳَو
ًﺎﻣﻮَﻳ ُﺮِﻄﻔُﻳَو ًﺎﻣﻮَﻳ ُمﻮﺼﻳَو ُﻪَﺳُﺪُﺳ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
`Abdullah bin `Amr (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Salat which is dearest to Allah is that of (Prophet) Dawud; and As-Saum (the fasting) which is dearest to Allah is
that of (Prophet) Dawud. He used to sleep half the night, get up to perform Salat for one-third of it, then sleep
through the remaining one-sixth of it; and he used to observe Saum on alternative days
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Since Islam has strictly forbidden self-affliction to the extent that it has forbidden hardship even in
worship, compulsory awakening for Salat at midnight and observing Saum (
) for the whole month (
except of
the month of Ramadan
) is disapproved. The model set by the Prophet (PBUH) is the ideal pattern of moderation in
this respect. In this Hadith the fasting and the prayer of Prophet Dawud have been regarded most pleasing to Allah,
because their conduct had a moderation which is enjoined by Islam.
َلﺎَﻗ ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ٍﺮِﺑﺎَﺟ ْﻦَﻋَو
ُلﻮُﻘﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ُﺖْﻌِﻤﺳ
ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﻓ ﱠنِإ
َو ، ُﻩﺎﱠﻳِإ ُﻩﺎﻄْﻋَأ ﱠﻻِإ َةِﺮِﺧﻵاَو ﺎﻴﻧﱡﺪﻟا ِﺮﻣأ ﻦﻣ ًاﺮﻴﺧ ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلَﺄﺴﻳ ٌﻢِﻠﺴُﻣ ٌﻞُـﺟَر ﺎَﻬُﻘﻓاﻮُﻳ ﻻ ، ًﺔﻋﺎَﺴَﻟ
ٍﺔَﻠْﻴَﻟ ﱠﻞآ َﻚﻟذ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, "
Every night
there is a special time during which whatever a Muslim asks Allah of any good relating to this life or the Hereafter,
it will be granted to him; and this moment comes every night