Page 525 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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(PBUH).'' `Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) said: "I realized that Allah opened the heart of Abu Bakr (May
Allah be pleased with him) for fighting those who refused to pay Zakat, and I fully recognized that Abu Bakr ¨(May
Allah be pleased with him) was right.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith brings into prominence the excellence of Abu Bakr As-Siddiq's determination, religious
firmness and deep understanding of the Islamic law. It also tells us that one who does not accept that Zakat is
obligatory in Islam, is a Kafir like the one who renounces Salat. The stand taken by Abu Bakr was ultimately
accepted by all the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH), and this is how they unanimously agreed to wage Jihad
against those who refused to pay Zakat. This unanimous consent on the issue of Zakat was based on the order of
ًﻼُﺟَر ﱠنَأ ، ﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿر َبﻮﻳَأ ﻲﺑَأ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﱠﻨﻠﻟ َلﺎَﻗ
ﻲﻨُﻠِﺧْﺪُﻳ ٍﻞﻤَﻌِﺑ ﻲﻧْﺮِﺒْﺧَأ
، َﺔَﻨﱠﺠﻟا
َلﺎَﻗ :
َﻢِﺣﱠﺮﻟا ُﻞِﺼَﺗو ، َةﺎآﱠﺰﻟا ﻲﺗْﺆُﺗو ، َةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ُﻢﻴِﻘُﺗو ، ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ ﻪِﺑ ُكِﺮْﺸُﺗ َﻻَو ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﺪُﺒْﻌَﺗ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Ayyub (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man said to the Prophet (PBUH): "Direct me to a
deed which may admit me to Jannah.'' Upon this he (the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)) said, "
Worship Allah and
never associate anything with Him in worship, establish Salat, pay Zakat, and strengthen the ties of kinship
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith mentions the compassion for relatives along with the Salat and Saum which are
obligatory in Islam. It indicates the importance of compassion for relation in Islam. The term `
strengthen the ties of
' implies nice treatment of one's relatives regardless of circumstances, maintenance of contact with them and
fulfillment of the requirements of relationship with them.
ﻋَأ ﱠنَأ ، ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿر ةَﺮﻳَﺮُه ﻲﺑَأ ْﻦﻋَو
لﺎَﻘَﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﻰﺗَأ ﺎﻴِﺑاﺮ
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳَر ﺎﻳ
َﺔﱠﻨﺠﻟا ُﺖْﻠَﺧد ، ُﻪُﺘْﻠِﻤﻋ اذِإ ﻞَﻤﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻨﱠﻟُد
َلﺎَﻗ :
ﻲِﺗْﺆُﺗَو ، َةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ُﻢﻴِﻘُﺗَو ، ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ ِﻪِﺑ ُكِﺮْﺸُﺗ ﻻو ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﺪُﺒْﻌَﺗ
ُمﻮُﺼَﺗَو ، َﺔَﺿوُﺮْﻔَﻤﻟا ةَﺎآﱠﺰﻟا
َلﺎَﻗ :
اﺬه ﻰﻠَﻋ ُﺪﻳزَأ ﻻ ، ِﻩِﺪَﻴِﺑ ﻲِﺴْﻔَﻧ يﺬﻟاَو
ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا َلﺎﻗ ، ﻰﱠﻟَو ﺎﱠﻤَﻠَﻓ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ
اﺬه ﻰﻟِإ ْﺮُﻈْﻨَﻴْﻠَﻓ ِﺔﱠﻨَﺠﻟا ِﻞْهَأ ْﻦِﻣ ٍﻞُﺟَر ﻰﻟِإ َﺮُﻈْﻨَﻳ ْنَأ ُﻩﱠﺮَﺳ ْﻦَﻣ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘُﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A bedouin came to the Prophet (PBUH) and said:
"O Messenger of Allah! Direct me to a deed by which I may be entitled to enter Jannah.'' The Prophet (PBUH) said,
Worship Allah, and never associate anything with Him, establish Salat, pay the Zakat which has been enjoined
upon you, and observe Saum of Ramadan
.'' He (the bedouin) said: "By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, I will never
add anything to these (obligations).'' When he turned his back, the Prophet (PBUH) said, "
He who wants to see a
man from the dwellers of Jannah, let him look at him (bedouin)
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
1. The bedouin mentioned in this Hadith was a new Muslim and for this reason the Prophet (PBUH) told him some
essential obligations of Islam so that he did not feel over-burdened with exhortation. Imam At-Tabarani said: "
Hadith and its like was addressed to bedouins who were newly -- converted to Islam. The Prophet (PBUH) told them
no more than to fulfill the main obligatory acts of Islam so that they would not feel over-burdened, and therefore
.'' Following the Divine injunctions in a gradual manner is very important. For once the hearts of the newly
converted start to open to the understanding of the Divine injuctions, they will automatically start practising the
optional and voluntary acts of devotion with a view to gain Allah's reward and pleasure.
2. There are two categories of people who have been granted Jannah. First, those who are called Al-`Asharah Al-
Mubashsharah. They are ten most distinguished of the Prophet's followers whose entrance into Jannah was foretold
by the Prophet (PBUH) himself. Second, some other persons who were given glad tidings of Jannah by the Prophet
(PBUH). The bedouin mentioned in this Hadith is a case in point. The Prophet (PBUH) also declared Hasan and
Hussain, the two sons of `Ali (May Allah be pleased with them), the chiefs of young-men of Jannah and also gave
glad tidings of Jannah to his wives and his daughter Fatimah (May Allah be pleased with him).
َلﺎَﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿَر ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪﺒﻋ ِﻦﺑ ِﺮﻳﺮَﺟ ْﻦَﻋَو
، ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ِمﺎﻗِإ ﻰﻠَﻋ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﺖْﻌﻳﺎَﺑ
ٍﻢﻠْﺴُﻣ ﱢﻞُﻜِﻟ ِﺢْﺼﱡﻨﻟاو ، ِةﺎآﱠﺰﻟا ِءﺎﺘﻳِإَو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘُﻣ
Jarir bin `Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
I pledged allegiance to the Prophet (PBUH) to
establish Salat, to pay the Zakat and to have the welfare of every Muslim at heart
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith has already been mentioned and has been repeated here for its relevance to this chapter.
Here the phrase "
To pledge allegiance to establish Salat
'' and "
to pay the Zakat
'' means acceptance of Islam because