Page 535 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 221
ِﺮْﺠَﻔﻟا عﻮُﻠُﻃ َﺶْﺨَﻳ ﻢﻟ ﺎﻣ ِﻩِﺮﻴﺧﺄﺗو ِرﻮﺤﱡﺴﻟا ِﻞْ
ﻀَﻓ بﺎﺑ
Merit of Suhur (Predawn meal in Ramadan) and the Excellence of Delaying
having it till before Dawn
لﺎﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ٍﺲﻧَأ ْﻦﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎ
ِرﻮُﺤﱡﺴﻟا ﻲﻓ ﱠنِﺈَﻓ اوُﺮﱠﺤَﺴَﺗ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Eat Suhur (predawn
meal). Surely, there is a blessing in Suhur
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith tells us that Suhur is Masnun (
Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH)
), even if one takes a small
quantity of food. This meal is blessed and maintains one's energy and vitality during Saum. Against this, if a person
goes to sleep after taking his dinner to save himself from the inconvenience of getting up before dawn or takes
Suhur early will be, on one side, disobeying Messenger of Allah (PBUH) , while on the other side, he will be feeling
hunger and thirst very early and very much as he himself has increased the period of fasting by not taking the Suhur.
Subhan Allah! How the weaknesses of man have been taken into account in the teachings of Islam while suitable
provision has been provided to overcome them!
لﺎﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿَر ٍﺖﺑﺎﺛ ﻦﺑ ِﺪﻳز ﻦﻋو
ﻰﻟِإ ﺎَﻨْﻤُﻗ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮﺳر َﻊَﻣ ﺎَﻧْﺮﱠﺤﺴَﺗ
َﻞﻴِﻗ :
لﺎﻗ ؟ ﺎَﻤُﻬَﻨْﻴَﺑ َنﺎآ ْﻢَآ
ًﺔﻳﺁ َنﻮﺴْﻤَﺧ ُرْﺪَﻗ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Zaid bin Thabit (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
We took Suhur (predawn meal) with the
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and then we stood up for (Fajr) Salat (prayer)
. It was asked: "
How long was the gap
between the two?
'' He replied: "
The time required for the recitation of fifty Ayat
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
We learn from this Hadith that Suhur should be taken towards the end of its timing. This is the
Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH). One should, however, take care that it is done before dawn.
َلﺎﻗ ، ﺎَﻤُﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿَر َﺮَﻤُﻋ ِﻦﺑا ِﻦَﻋَو
ِنﺎَﻧﱢذَﺆُﻣ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳﺮﻟ َنﺎآ
ُﻦْﺑاَو ٌلﻼﺑ
ٍمﻮُﺘْﻜَﻣ ﱢمُأ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َلﺎَﻘَﻓ
ُﺑَﺮْﺷاَو اﻮُﻠُﻜَﻓ ، ٍﻞْﻴَﻠِﺑ ُنﱢذَﺆُﻳ ًﻻﻼﺑ ﱠنِإ
ﱢمُأ ُﻦْﺑا َنﱢذَﺆُﻳ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ اﻮ
ٍمﻮُﺘْﻜَﻣ «
َلﺎَﻗ :
، اﺬه ﻰَﻗْﺮَﻳَو اﺬه َلِﺰْﻨَﻳ ْنَأ ﱠﻻِإ ﺎَﻤُﻬَﻨْﻴَﺑ ْﻦُﻜَﻳ ْﻢَﻟَو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) had two Mu'adhdhin:
Bilal and Ibn Umm Maktum (May Allah be pleased with them). The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
proclaims Adhan [call to Salat (prayer)] at fag end of night, so eat and drink till Ibn Umm Maktum pronounces
'' Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) added: And the gap between their Adhan was not more than
the time spent in one's getting down and the other's climbing (the minaret).
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
We learn from this Hadith that in the days of the Prophet (PBUH) there used to be two Mu'adhdhin
and two Adhan in the morning. The first Adhan was meant to warn the people who were taking the Suhur meals that
the time for the Suhur was about to finish and they should make preparation for Fajr prayer. Soon after that there
was a second Adhan by another Mu'adhdhin which signified that the time for food was finished and people should
attend to Salat. This practice was, however, terminated later so much so that we do not find it even in the times of
the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) and that of At-Tabi`un (
the successors of the Prophet's Companions
) and
Tabi`ut-Tabi`in (the followers of the Successors). In any case, this practice can be revived.
So far, the question of time between the two Adhan is concerned, `Ulama' have stated that after announcing the
Adhan, Bilal used to be engaged in prayer, etc., and waited for the daybreak. When the time for the daybreak drew
near, he would then come down and inform Ibn Umm Maktum who would then make Wudu', and then proceed to
call the Adhan at the beginning of the daybreak. (
Ibn Allan)