Page 537 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 222
ِرﺎَﻄْﻓِﻹا َﺪْﻌَﺑ ُﻪُﻟﻮُﻘَﻳ ﺎﻣو ِﻪﻴﻠَﻋ ُﺮَﻄْﻔُﻳ ﺎﻣو ِﺮْﻄِﻔﻟا ﻞﻴِﺠْﻌَﺗ ﻞْ
ﻀَﻓ بﺎﺑ
The Superiority of Hastening to Break the Fast, and the supplication to say
upon Breaking it
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳر ﱠنَأ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿر ٍﺪْﻌَﺳ ِﻦﺑ ِﻞْﻬَﺳ ْﻦَﻋ
َلﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
ٍﺮْﻴَﺨﺑ ُسﺎﱠﻨﻟا ُلاﺰَﻳ ﻻ
َﺮْﻄِﻔﻟا اﻮﻠﺠَﻋ ﺎَﻣ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Sahl bin Sa`d (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
People will
continue to adhere to good as long as they hasten to break the Saum (fasting)
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Adhere to good
'' here means welfare of the religion as well as that of this world. Breaking the Saum
early does not mean that it is terminated before the prescribed time. What it really means is without any delay after
the sunset. One should not delay it for the mere reason that the rigour one has gone through in the Saum should be
enhanced further, as is done by some Sufi. There is no merit in such things because the real merit lies in following
the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH). Welfare of the Muslims will, therefore, come in the share of the Muslims
because of their following the Prophet's Sunnah of breaking the Saum in the early moments of the prescribed time.
َﻗ َﺔﱠﻴِﻄَﻋ ﻲﺑَأ ﻦﻋو
َلﺎ :
ٌقوُﺮْﺴَﻣ ﺎَﻬﻟ َلﺎَﻘﻓ ﺎَﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر َﺔَﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ٌقوُﺮْﺴﻣو ﺎَﻧَأ ُﺖﻠَﺧد
ِﺮْﻴَﺨﻟا ِﻦَﻋ ﻮُﻟْﺄَﻳ ﻻ ﺎَﻤُهَﻼآ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ٍﺪﱠﻤَﺤُﻣ ِبﺎَﺤْﺻَأ ْﻦﻣ
ُﺮَﺧﻵاو ، َرﺎَﻄْﻓِﻹاو َبﺮْﻐﻤﻟا ُﻞﱢﺠَﻌُﻳ ﺎَﻤُهُﺪَﺣَأ
ْﻐﻤﻟا ُﺮﱢﺧَﺆُﻳ
ْﺖَﻟﺎَﻘَﻓ ؟ َرﺎَﻄْﻓِﻹاو َبِﺮ
َلﺎﻗ ؟ َرﺎَﻄْﻓِﻹاَو َبﺮْﻐَﻤﻟا ُﻞﱢﺠَﻌُﻳ ْﻦَﻣ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﺪْﺒَﻋ -
ٍدﻮﻌْﺴَﻣ َﻦﺑا ﻲﻨﻌﻳ
ُﻊَﻨْﺼﻳ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر َنﺎَآ اَﺬَﻜه
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
» اﻮُﻟْﺄَﻳ ﻻ «
ﻲﻓ ُﺮﱢﺼَﻘُﻳ ﻻ ْيَأ
Abu Atiyyah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Masruq and I visited `Aishah (May Allah be pleased
with her) and said: "
O Mother of the Believers! There are two Companions of Muhammad (PBUH) and neither of
them holds back from doing good acts; but one of them hastens to break Saum (fasting) and hastens to perform the
Maghrib prayer, while the other delays breaking Saum and delays performing Salat (prayer).'' She asked, "Who is
the one who hastens to break Saum and perform the Maghrib prayer?'' Masruq said, "It is `Abdullah (meaning
`Abdullah bin Mas`ud).'' She said, "The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to do so
This Hadith points out the practice of the Prophet (PBUH) of breaking the Saum and performing the
Maghrib prayer in the early moments of the prescribed time.
َلﺎﻗ ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر َةَﺮﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑَأ ْﻦَﻋَو
، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر َلﺎﻗ
ﱠﻞَﺟَو ﱠﺰَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﺎﻗ
ًاﺮْﻄِﻓ ْﻢُﻬُﻠَﺠْﻋَأ ﱠﻲﻟِإ يِدﺎَﺒِﻋ ﱡﺐَﺣَأ
ﻗو يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟا ﻩاور
َلﺎ :
ٌﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪَﺣ
ﻒﻴﻌﺿ ] . (
ﻪﻴﻓ :
ﻮهو ﻦﻤﺣﺮﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﺑ ةﺮﻗ
ﻪﻈﻔﺣ ءﻮﺴﻟ ﻒﻴﻌﺿ
. [
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Allah the
Most High says: `From amongst my slaves, the quicker the one is in breaking the Saum (fasting), the dearer is he to
The person who breaks the Saum in its early time is best loved by Allah because he is a true follower
of the Prophet (PBUH).
ِﺿَر ِبﺎﱠﻄَﺨﻟا ِﻦﺑ ﺮﻤُﻋ ْﻦﻋَو
َلﺎﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳَر لﺎﻗ
ُﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا َﻞَﺒْﻗَأ اذِإ
ُﻢﺋﺎﺼﻟا َﺮَﻄْﻓَأ ْﺪَﻘَﻓ ، ُﺲﻤﱠﺸﻟا ِﺖﺑَﺮَﻏو ، ﺎﻨُﻬه ْﻦِﻣ ُرﺎَﻬﱠﻨﻟا َﺮَﺑْدَأو ﺎَﻨُﻬه ْﻦِﻣ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
`Umar bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:
When the night approaches from this side (i.e., the east) and the day retreats from that side (i.e., west) and the sun