Page 538 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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sets, then it is time for a person observing Saum (fasting) to break his fast
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The words "
break his fast'
' can be interpreted in two ways. First, it is time to break the Saum .
Second, the Saum has reached its end. Whether one eats or not the Saum is over because it comes to a close with
sunset. Thus, the time for Saum has been determined that it begins with the daybreak and ends at sunset. Any
increase in this time is exaggeration which is disliked by Allah.
َلﺎﻗ ، ﺎَﻤُﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿَر ﻰﻓْوَأ ﻲﺑَأ ِﻦﺑ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪﺒﻋ َﻢﻴهاﺮﺑِإ ﻲﺑَأ ْﻦَﻋَو
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮﺳر َﻊَﻣ ﺎَﻧْﺮِﺳ
ِمْﻮَﻘْﻟا ِ
ﺾﻌْﺒِﻟ َلﺎﻗ ، ُﺲﻤﱠﺸﻟا ِﺖﺑَﺮَﻏ ﺎﱠﻤَﻠَﻓ ، ٌﻢﺋﺎﺻ َﻮُهَو ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
، ﺎﻨَﻟ ْحﺪْﺟﺎَﻓ ْلﺰْﻧا ُنﻼُﻓ ﺎَﻳ
: ﺎﻳ
َلﺎﻗ ؟ َﺖﻴَﺴْﻣَأ ْﻮَﻟ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳَر
ﺎَﻨَﻟ ْحَﺪْﺟﺎَﻓ ْلِﺰْﻧا
َلﺎﻗ : ﻋ ﱠنِإ
لﺎﻗ ، ًارﺎَﻬَﻧ َﻚْﻴَﻠ
ﺎَﻨَﻟ ْحَﺪْﺟﺎَﻓ ْلﺰْﻧا
َلﺎَﻗ :
َلﺎﻗ ﱠﻢُﺛ ،ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر َبِﺮَﺸَﻓ ْﻢُﻬَﻟ َحَﺪَﺠَﻓ َلَﺰَﻨَﻓ
ْﺪَﻘَﻓ ، ﺎَﻨُﻬه ْﻦِﻣ َﻞَﺒْﻗَأ ْﺪَﻗ َﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا ُﻢُﺘْﻳَأَر اذِإ
ُﻢﺋﺎَﺼﻟا َﺮَﻄْﻓَأ
َﻞَﺒِﻗ ِﻩِﺪَﻴِﺑ َرﺎﺷَأو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
» ْحَﺪْﺟا
يَأ ، ﻦﻴﺘﻠﻤﻬﻣ ءﺎﺣ ﻢﺛ لاد ﱠﻢُﺛ ﻢﻴﺠﺑ
ِءﺎﻤﻟﺎﺑ َﻖﻳِﻮﱠﺴﻟا ِﻂِﻠْﺧا
Abu Ibrahim `Abdullah bin Abu Aufa (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: We were with the
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) on a journey and he was observing Saum (fasting). When the sun set, he (PBUH) said
to a person, "
Dismount and prepare the ground roasted barley drink for us
.'' Upon this he replied, "O Messenger of
Allah, there is daylight still.'' The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Get down and prepare barley drink for us
.'' He
said, "But it is still daytime.'' The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) again said to him, "
Get down and prepare barely
drink for us
.'' So he got down and prepared a barley liquid meal for him. The Prophet (PBUH) drank that and then
said, "
When you perceive the night approaching from that side, a person observing Saum (fasting) should break the
.'' And he (PBUH) pointed towards the east with his hand.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith stresses that Saum must be broken soon after sunset and without delay.
َلﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ﱢﻲﺑﺎَﺤﱠﺼﻟا ﱢﻲﱢﺒﱠﻀﻟا ﺮﻣﺎَﻋ ِﻦﺑ َنﺎَﻤْﻠَﺳ ْﻦَﻋَو
» اَذِإ
ٌرﻮُﻬَﻃ ﻪﱠﻧِﺈَﻓ ٍءﺎَﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ْﺮِﻄْﻔُﻴْﻠَﻓ ، ْﺪﺠَﻳ ْﻢَﻟ ْنِﺈَﻓ ، ٍﺮْﻤَﺗ ﻰﻠَﻋ ْﺮِﻄْﻔُﻴْﻠَﻓ ، ْﻢُآُﺪَﺣَأ َﺮَﻄْﻓَأ
َلﺎﻗو يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟاو ، َدواَد ﻮﺑَأ
ٌﺢﻴﺤﺻ ٌﻦَﺴَﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
Salman bin `Amir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Prophet (PBUH) saying, "
When one
of you breaks his Saum (fasting), let him break it on dates; if he does not have any, break his fast with water for it is
[Abu Dawud].
َلﺎﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ٍﺲَﻧَأ ْﻦَﻋَو
ﻰﻠَﻋ َﻲﱢﻠَﺼُﻳ ْنَأ َﻞْﺒَﻗ ُﺮِﻄْﻔُﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر َنﺎآ
ْﻢﻟ ْنِﺈﻓ ، ٌتاْﺮﻴَﻤُﺘَﻓ ٌتﺎَﺒَﻃُر ْﻦُﻜَﺗ ْﻢَﻟ ْنِﺈَﻓ ، ٍتﺎَﺒَﻃُر
ٍءﺎﻣ ْﻦِﻣ ٍتاﻮَﺴَﺣ ﺎَﺴَﺣ ٌتاْﺮﻴﻤُﺗ ْﻦُﻜَﺗ
يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟاو ، دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
لﺎﻗو :
ٌﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to break his Saum
(fasting) before performing Maghrib prayer with three fresh date-fruits; if there were no fresh date-fruits, he will eat
three dry dates; and if there were no dry date-fruits; he would take three draughts of water
It is well to keep the priorities of things mentioned in the Hadith as one gets the reward of following
the Sunnah in breaking his Saum.