Page 539 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 223
ﺎَهﻮْﺤَﻧَو ِﺔَﻤَﺗﺎَﺸُﻤﻟاو ِتﺎَﻔﻟﺎَﺨُﻤﻟا ِﻦَﻋ ِﻪِﺣِراَﻮَﺟَو ِﻪِﻧﺎﺴﻟ ِﻆْﻔِﺤﺑ ِﻢﺋﺎﱠﺼﻟا ِﺮﻣأ ُبﺎﺑ
Safeguarding As-Saum (The Fast)
َلﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر َةَﺮﻳَﺮُه ﻲﺑَأ ْﻦﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َلﺎﻗ
ِمْﻮَﺻ ُمْﻮَﻳ َنﺎَآ اذِإ
ْﻞُﻘَﻴْﻠَﻓ ، ُﻪَﻠَﺗﺎﻗ ْوَأ ، ٌﺪَﺣَأ ُﻪﱠﺑﺎَﺳ ْنِﺈَﻓ ، ْﺐَﺨْﺼَﻳ ﻻَو ْﺚُﻓْﺮَﻳ ﻼَﻓ ، ْﻢُآِﺪ
ٌﻢﺋﺎﺻ ﻲﱢﻧِإ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
When any
one of you is observing Saum (fasting) on a day, he should neither indulge in obscene language nor should he raise
the voice; and if anyone reviles him or tries to quarrel with him he should say: `I am observing fas
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith has already been mentioned and is repeated here for its being relevant to this chapter.
We learn from it that during Saum not only food, drink and sex are prohibited but the improper use of the tongue
and the other organs of the body as well. When one is observing Saum, he should neither use abusive language nor
talk foolishly nor tell lies nor make obscene conversation nor indulge in backbiting nor quarrel with anyone. If
someone provokes him, he should keep himself quiet and remember that he is observing Saum and he has to abstain
from such things. As far as possible, he should keep his tongue engaged in the remembrance of Allah and recitation
of the Qur'an.
لﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲﺒﻨﻟا لﺎﻗ
ﻲﻓ ٌﺔﺟﺎَﺣ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟ َﺲْﻴَﻠﻓ ِﻪِﺑ َﻞَﻤﻌﻟاو ِروﱡﺰﻟا َلْﻮَﻗ ْعﺪَﻳ ْﻢَﻟ ْﻦَﻣ
ُﻪﺑاَﺮَﺷو ُﻪَﻣﺎﻌَﻃ َعَﺪَﻳ ْنَأ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "
If one does not eschew
lies and false conduct, Allah has no need that he should abstain from his food and his drink
This Hadith exhorts those observing Saum to fulfill all the requirements of fasting. One should not
conduct himself in such a manner that on the one side he observes Saum and on the other he is fearless of Allah. To
save himself from Allah's Wrath and to get the reward of the fasts, one must abstain from all sorts of vices, such as
cheating, lying, backbiting, and using obscene language. The threat held against such people in this Hadith should
make them fear that their Saum will go waste and they would be deprived of its reward. It does not mean that such
people should start eating and drinking during Saum but what is intended is that they should save themselves from
all kinds of sins so that they may earn the reward of Saum.