Page 541 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 225
ُمﺮُﺤﻟا ﺮﻬﺷﻷاو نﺎﺒﻌﺷو مﱠﺮَﺤُﻤﻟا مﻮﺻ ﻞﻀﻓ نﺎﻴﺑ بﺎﺑ
The Excellence of Observing Saum (Fasting) in the months of Muharram and
Sha'ban and the Secred Months
َلﺎَﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر َةَﺮﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑَأ ْﻦَﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر َلﺎَﻗ
َﺪْﻌﺑ ِمﺎَﻴﱢﺼﻟا ُﻞَﻀْﻓَأ
ْﻌَﺑ ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ُﻞَﻀْﻓَأَو ، ُمﱠﺮﺤﻤﻟا ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﺮْﻬَﺷ
ِﺔَﻀﻳِﺮَﻔﻟا ﺪ
ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا ُةﻼَﺻ «
ٌﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
The best
month for observing Saum (fasting) next after Ramadan is the month of Allah, the Muharram; and the best Salat
(prayer) next after the prescribed Salat is Salat at night (Tahajjud prayers)
Reference of the month to Allah is a sign of its distinction and auspiciousness like Baitullah,
Naqatullah etc. Muharram is one of the sacred months and it is this month with which the Islamic year starts. The
other three sacred months are Rajab, Dhul-Qa`dah, and Dhul-Hijjah. The Hadith points out that fasting in the month
of Muharram is better than any other month of the year after Ramadan.
ْﺖَﻟﺎﻗ ، ﺎَﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر َﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ْﻦَﻋو
ْﻦِﻣ َﺮَﺜْآَأ ٍﺮْﻬَﺷ ْﻦِﻣ مﻮُﺼَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲﺒﻨﻟا ِﻦُﻜَﻳ ْﻢَﻟ
ﻪﱠﻠآ َنﺎَﺒْﻌَﺷ مﻮُﺼَﻳ َنﺎآ ﻪﱠﻧِﺈَﻓ ، َنﺎَﺒْﻌَﺷ
ﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ًﻼﻴِﻠَﻗ ﱠﻻِإ َنﺎَﺒْﻌَﺷ ُمﻮُﺼَﻳ َنﺎَآ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
The Prophet (PBUH) did not observe voluntary Saum
(fasting) so frequently during any other month as he did during Sha`ban. He observed Saum throughout the month of
Another narration is:
He (PBUH) observed Saum during the whole month of Sha`ban except a few days
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
We learn from another Hadith the reason why the Prophet (PBUH) kept greater number of Saum in
the month of Sha`ban. He did so because deeds are presented before Allah during this month. For this reason, he
liked that when his deeds were presented, he should be observing Saum (Nasa'i on the authority of Usamah (May
Allah be pleased with him). In spite of this distinction of Sha`ban, Muslims have been ordered to observe Saum in
the first fortnight only, and not in the second in order to maintain their energy and vitality for the obligatory Saum
(i.e., Ramadan
). The Prophet (PBUH) had greater spiritual strength and Saum did not cause him weakness due to
this strength. Again, by virtue of this strength he would sometimes even observe Saum which is termed "
(observing Saum continuous without a break in the evening
). But he has forbidden his followers from such
ِهﺎَﺒﻟا َﺔَﺒﻴِﺠﻣ ﻦﻋو
ُﻩﺎَﺗَﺄَﻓ َﻖَﻠَﻄﻧا ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳَر ﻰﺗَأ ُﻪﱠﻧَأ ، ﺎﻬﱢﻤﻋ ْوَأ ﺎَﻬﻴِﺑَأ ْﻦَﻋ ِﺔﱠﻴِﻠ
َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ، ﻪُﺘَﺌْﻴَهَو ُﻪﻟﺎَﺣ ْتﺮﱠﻴَﻐَﺗ ﺪَﻗَو ، ﺔَﻨَﺳ َﺪﻌﺑ
؟ ﻲِﻨُﻓِﺮْﻌﺗ ﺎَﻣَأ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﺎﻳ
َلﺎَﻗ :
؟ َﺖﻧَأ ْﻦَﻣَو
َلﺎَﻗ :
َﻧَأ ﺎ
ِلﱠوَﻷا َمﺎﻋ ﻚﺘﺌِﺟ يﺬﻟا ﱡﻲِﻠِهﺎَﺒﻟا
َلﺎَﻗ :
؟ ِﺔﺌﻴَﻬﻟا َﻦَﺴَﺣ َﺖﻨُآ ْﺪَﻗو ، َكَﺮﱠﻴَﻏ ﺎَﻤَﻓ
َلﺎَﻗ :
ﺬﻨﻣ ًﺎﻣﺎﻌﻃ ُﺖﻠآَأ ﺎﻣ
ٍﻞْﻴَﻠﺑ ﱠﻻِإ َﻚُﺘْﻗرﺎَﻓ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر لﺎَﻘَﻓ
، َﻚَﺴﻔَﻧ َﺖْﺑّﺬَﻋ
َلﺎَﻗ ﱠﻢُﺛ
» ْﻢُﺻ
، ِﺮﺒﱠﺼﻟا َﺮﻬَﺷ
ﺮﻬَﺷ ﱢﻞآ ْﻦِﻣ ًﺎﻣﻮﻳو
لﺎﻗ :
،ًةﱠﻮﻗ ﻲﺑ ﱠنِﺈﻓ ، ﻲـﻧْدِز
َلﺎَﻗ :
ِﻦْﻴﻣﻮَﻳ ْﻢُﺻ «
لﺎﻗ :
، ﻲﻧْدِز
لﺎﻗ :
ٍمﺎﱠﻳَأ َﺔَﺛﻼﺛ ْﻢُﺻ
َلﺎﻗ :
. لﺎﻗ :
ُﺮْﺗاَو ِمُﺮﺤﻟا َﻦِﻣ ْﻢُﺻ ، ْكُﺮﺗاَو مُﺮﺤﻟا َﻦِﻣ ْﻢُﺻ ، ْكُﺮْﺗاَو ِمُﺮُﺤﻟا َﻦِﻣ ْﻢُﺻ
ِﻪِﻌِﺑﺎَﺻَﺄِﺑ َلﺎﻗو
ﺎَﻬَﻠَﺳْرَأ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ﺎَﻬﱠﻤَﻀَﻓ ِثﻼﱠﺜﻟا
دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
ﻒﻴﻌﺿ ] . (
ﺔﻟﻮﻬﺠﻣ ﻲهو ، ﺔﻴﻠهﺎﺒﻟا ﺔﺒﻴﺠﻣ ﻪﻴﻓ
. [
و »
ِﺮﺒﱠﺼﻟا ُﺮﻬﺷ
« :
Reported Mujibah Al-Bahiliyah on the authority of her father or uncle that he visited the Messenger of Allah
(PBUH) once and then went to see him again after a year. His appearance had totally changed. He asked the
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) if he had recognized him. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) asked, "
Who are you?
'' He
replied: "I am Al-Bahili who visited you last year.'' The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"You were quite