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Book Ten: The Book of Hajj
ﺞﺤﻟا بﺎﺘآ
Chapter 233
The Obligation of Hajj (Pilgrimage) and its Excellence
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka`bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, those who
can afford the expenses (for one's conveyance, provision and residence); and whoever disbelieves [i.e., denies
Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah), then he is a disbeliever of Allah], then Allah stands not in need of any of the
`Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists).''
ا ﻲﺿر ، َﺮﻤُﻋ ﻦﺑا ِﻦَﻋَو
لﺎَﻗ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﱠنأ ، ﺎَﻤُﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟ
ﻰَﻠَﻋ ُمﻼْﺳﻹا َﻲِﻨُﺑ
ٍﺲْﻤَﺧ :
َﺻو ، ِﺖْﻴﺒﻟا ﱢﺞَﺣو ،ِةﺎَآﱠﺰﻟا ِءﺎَﺘﻳِإو ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ِمﺎَﻗإو ، ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ًاﺪﱠﻤَﺤُﻣ ﱠنَأو ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻻإ ﻪﻟإ ﻻ ْنَأ ِةَدﺎﻬَﺷ
ِﻪﻴﻠﻋ .
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
superstructure of) Islam is based on five (pillars), testifying the fact that La ilaha illallah wa anna Muhammad-ar-
Rasul-ullah [there is no true god except Allah, and Muhammad ((PBUH)) is the Messenger of Allah], establishing
As-Salat (the prayers), paying Zakat (poor due), the pilgrimage to the House [of Allah (Ka`bah)], and the Saum
(fasting) during the month of Ramadan
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith has been mentioned earlier. Here it has been repeated in support of the obligation of the
fourth pillar of Islam. Thus, Hajj is compulsory for a person who fulfills the qualifications required for it and has the
means for it.
َلﺎﻗ ، ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، َةﺮْﻳَﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦﻋو
َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ﺎَﻨَﺒَﻄَﺧ
» ﺎَﻬﱡﻳَأ ﺎَﻳ
اﻮﱡﺠُﺤﻓ ﱠﺞَﺤﻟا ُﻢُﻜْﻴَﻠَﻋ َ
ضﺮَﻓ ْﺪَﻗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠنإ ُسﺎﱠﻨﻟا
ٌﻞُﺟر َلﺎَﻘﻓ
ﱠﺘَﺣ ، َﺖﻜَﺴَﻓ ؟ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ ٍمﺎَﻋ ﱠﻞُآَأ
ًﺎﺛﻼَﺛ ﺎﻬَﻟﺎَﻗ ﻰ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱢﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر لﺎَﻘَﻓ
ْﻢُﺘْﻌَﻄَﺘْـﺳا ﺎَﻤﻟَو ﺖﺒَﺟﻮَﻟ ْﻢَﻌَﻧ ُﺖْﻠُﻗ ْﻮَﻟ
لﺎﻗ ﱠﻢُﺛ
ﺎﻣ ﻲﻧوُرَذ
ْﻢﻬِﺋﺎﻴِﺒْﻧَأ ﻰﻠَﻋ ﻢِﻬِﻓﻼِﺘْﺧاَو ، ْﻢِﻬﻟاَﺆُﺳ ِةَﺮْﺜَﻜﺑ ْﻢُﻜَﻠْﺒَﻗ َنﺎآ ْﻦﻣ َﻚَﻠَه ﺎَﻤﱠﻧﺈَﻓ ، ْﻢُﻜُﺘْآﺮﺗ
ﺎَﻣ ُﻪْﻨِﻣ اﻮﺗْﺄَﻓ ٍءﻲَﺸِﺑ ْﻢُﻜُﺗْﺮَﻣَأ اذﺈﻓ ،
ُﻩﻮُﻋﺪَﻓ ٍءﻲَﺷ ﻦَﻋ ﻢُﻜُﺘﻴَﻬَﻧ اذإَو ، ﻢُﺘْﻌَﻄﺘﺳا
ٌﻢﻠﺴﻣ ُﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) delivered a
Khutbah and said, "
O people! Hajj (pilgrimage to the House of Allah) has been made incumbent upon you, so
perform Hajj.
'' A man inquired: "O Messenger of Allah, is it prescribed every year?'' He (PBUH) remained silent till
the man repeated it thrice. Then he (PBUH) said, "
Had I replied in the affirmative, it would have surely become
obligatory, and you would not have been able to fulfill it.
'' Afterwards he said, "
Do not ask me so long as I do not
impose anything upon you, because those who were before you were destroyed on account of their frequent
questioning and their disagreement with their Prophets. So when I order you to do something, do it as far as you can;
and when I forbid you from doing anything, eschew it
This Hadith brings out the following points:
1. Hajj is compulsory once in a lifetime for those who have the means for it.
2. Unnecessary questioning is disliked.
3. Those who believe in Allah and His Prophet (PBUH) are required to do what they are ordained and abstain from
what they are forbidden.
لﺎﻗ ُﻪْﻨﻋَو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا َﻞِﺌُﺳ
لﺎﻗ ؟ ُﻞَﻀﻓَأ ِﻞَﻤَﻌﻟا ﱡيَأ
ِﻪِﻟﻮُﺳَرو ِﻪﱠﻠﻟﺎِﺑ ٌنﺎﻤﻳإ
ﻞﻴﻗ :
لﺎﻗ ؟ اَذﺎﻣ ﱠﻢُﺛ
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﻞﻴِﺒَﺳ ﻲﻓ ُدﺎَﻬِﺠﻟا
ﻞﻴﻗ :
لﺎَﻗ ؟ اَذﺎﻣ ﱠﻢﺛ
ٌروُﺮﺒَﻣ ٌﺞَﺣ
ِﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ﺔﻴِﺼْﻌﻣ ِﻪﻴِﻓ ُﻪُﺒِﺣﺎَﺻ ُﺐِﻜَﺗْﺮَﻳ ﻻ يِﺬﱠﻟا
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) was asked: "Which deed is the
best?'' He (PBUH) replied, "
Faith in Allah and His Messenger
.'' Then he was asked: "What is next?'' He replied,
"Jihad (holy fighting) in the Cause of Allah
.'' Then he was asked, "What is after that?'' He (PBUH) replied, "