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Book Eleven: The Book of Jihad
دﺎﻬﺠﻟا بﺎﺘآ
Chapter 234
Obligation of Jihad
Allah, the Exalted, says:
And fight against the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah)
collectively as they fight against you collectively. But know that Allah is with those who are Al-Muttaqun (the
'' (9:36)
Jihad (holy fighting in Allah's Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that
you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you
do not know
.'' (2:216)
March forth, whether you are light (being healthy, young and wealthy) or heavy (being ill, old and poor),
and strive hard with your wealth and your lives in the Cause of Allah
'' (9:41)
Verily, Allah has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties for (the price) that theirs shall be
the Jannah. They fight in Allah's Cause, so they kill (others) and are killed. It is a promise in truth which is
binding on Him in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and the Qur'an. And who is truer to his
covenant than Allah? Then rejoice in the bargain which you have concluded. That is the supreme success
Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home), except those who are disabled (by injury or are blind
or lame), and those who strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with their wealth and their lives. Allah
has preferred in grades those who strive hard and fight with their wealth and their lives above those who sit
(at home). Unto each, Allah has promised good (Jannah), but Allah has preferred those who strive hard and
fight, above those who sit (at home) by a huge reward. Degrees of (higher) grades from Him, and forgiveness
and mercy. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
'' (4:95, 96)
O you who believe! Shall I guide you to a trade that will save you from a painful torment? That you believe
in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH)), and that you strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah
with your wealth and your lives: that will be better for you, if you but know! (If you do so) He will forgive you
your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow, and pleasant dwellings in `Adn (Eden)
Jannah; that is indeed the great success. And also (He will give you) another (blessing) which you love: help
from Allah (against your enemies) and a near victory. And give glad tidings (O Muhammad (PBUH)) to the
.'' (61:10-13)
The Qur'anic Ayat relating to the subject under study are many. The Ahadith are also many; these include the
لﺎﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، َةﺮﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َﻞِﺌﺳ
؟ ُﻞَﻀْﻓأ ِلﺎﻤﻋﻷا ﱡيَأ
َلﺎﻗ :
ِﻪِﻟﻮﺳَرو ِﻪﱠﻠﻟﺎﺑ ٌنﺎﻤﻳإ
ﻞﻴﻗ :
َلﺎَﻗ ؟ اَذﺎَﻣ ﱠﻢُﺛ
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﻞﻴِﺒﺳ ﻲﻓ ُدﺎﻬﺠﻟا
ﻞﻴِﻗ :
لﺎﻗ ؟ اذﺎﻣ ﱠﻢُﺛ
» ﱞﺞَﺣ
َﻣ ٌروُﺮُﺒ
ِﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was asked,
"Which deed is the best?'' He (PBUH) replied, "
Faith in Allah and His Messenger.
'' He (PBUH) was asked, "What is
next?'' He (PBUH) replied, "
Jihad (holy fighting) in the Cause of Allah
.'' Then he was asked: "What is after that (in
goodness)?'' He (PBUH) replied, "
Hajj Mabrur (which is accepted by Allah)
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith has already been mentioned. See Hadith No. 1274. Different acts have been regarded
more meritorious in different Ahadith. For this reason, some scholars have performed the justification that the word
mun "whoever" is the keynote in such cases. That is, such and such acts come in the category of eminent acts or they
have been mentioned with reference to circumstances and time or place. For instance, at certain times or at certain
places or for certain persons, performing Salat in the early prescribed hours is more meritorious, or Hajj through
representative or Jihad is more meritorious, etc.
Some scholars are of the opinion that the eminence of different acts has been stressed keeping the person addressed
in view.
Linguistically, the word "
'' means `journey to a place one respects'. Technically, it means `journey to Makkah in
order to perform the pilgrimage rites.' The word "
'' is from "Birr'' meaning obedience, piety, but it signifies
here an act which is done sincerely without committing a sin.