Page 566 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said to his Companions, "
Your brethren have been slain and they were saying: "O
Allah! Convey from us to our Prophet the news that we have met You (in a way) that we are pleased with You and
You are pleased with us
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith mentions the following three points:
1. Through conspiracy infidels took with them seventy Ansari Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) , who were
distinguished for studying and teaching the Noble Qur'an, and martyred them in their region. This tragic incident
goes to prove that the Prophet (PBUH) did not have the knowledge of the Unseen. Had he possessed this knowledge,
he would not have sent his Companions with the infidels. When the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) realized
that they were trapped and there was no chance of their survival, they prayed to Allah to convey their message to the
Prophet (PBUH). Their prayer was answered by Allah Who conveyed their message by means of Wahy (Revelation)
to the Prophet (PBUH). On learning it through Wahy, he (PBUH) informed this tragic incident to his Companions.
2. "As-Suffah'' is a terrace in which people stayed, they had neither any permanent source of income nor any free
public kitchen nor was there any arrangement for the supply of their food from individuals. They depended entirely
on the Grace of Allah.
Every now and then they received some Sadaqah or gift and they all shared it. Some of them would collect firewood
and through its sale, raised some money to purchase food for themselves and their Companions.
3. The task of invitation to Islam and dissemination of its teachings is an arduous one. People who undertake this
task have to face bitter criticism from their friends and foes, and one has sometimes to lose one's life in this mission.
But this is a mission of the Prophets and it should be undertaken by the savants as they are truly worthy of it.
لﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨﻋو
لﺎﻘﻓ ، ٍرﺪﺑ ِلﺎَﺘِﻗ ِﻦﻋ ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﺮْﻀﻨﻟا ُﻦﺑ ُﺲﻧأ ﻲﱢﻤَﻋ بﺎَﻏ
ﻦﻋ ُﺖﺒِﻏ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ
ﻊﻨﺻَأ ﺎﻣ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠﻦﻳﺮَﻴﻟ َﻦﻴِآِﺮﺸُﻤﻟا َلﺎﺘِﻗ ﻲﻧﺪَﻬْﺷأ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﻦِﺌﻟ ، َﻦﻴآِﺮﺸُﻤﻟا َﺖﻠَﺗﺎﻗ ٍلﺎﺘِﻗ ِلﱠوأ
َﻒﺸﻜﻧا ٍﺪُﺣأ ُمﻮﻳ َنﺎآ ﺎﱠﻤﻠﻓ
لﺎﻘﻓ ، َنﻮ
ِءﻻُﺆَه ﻊﻨﺻ ﺎًﱠﻤِﻣ ﻚﻴَﻟإ ُرِﺬَﺘﻋَأ ﻲﱢﻧإ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
ُﻪﺑﺎﺤْﺻأ ﻲﻨْﻌﻳ
ِءﻻُﺆَه ﻊﻨﺻ ﺎﱠﻤِﻣ َﻚﻴﻟإ ُأﺮْﺑَأؤ
َﻦﻴآﺮﺸُﻤﻟا ﻲﻨﻌﻳ
لﺎﻘﻓ ٍذﺎﻌُﻣ ُﻦﺑ ُﺪﻌﺳ ُﻪﻠﺒﻘَﺘﺳﺎﻓ مﱠﺪﻘﺗ ﱠﻢُﺛ
ﺎَﻬَﺤﻳِر ُﺪِﺟأ ﻲﱢﻧإ ، ِﺮْﻀﱠﻨﻟا ﱢبرو ُﺔﱠﻨﺠﻟا ٍذﺎﻌُﻣ َﻦﺑ ُﺪﻌﺳ ﺎﻳ
ٌﺪﻌﺳ لﺎﻗ ، ٍﺪﺣُأ ِنود ﻦ
ٌﺲﻧأ لﺎﻗ ، ﻊَﻨﺻ ﺎَﻣ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ ُﺖﻌﻄَﺘﺳا ﺎﻤﻓ
ًﺔﺑﺮﺿ َﻦﻴِﻧﺎﻤَﺛو ًﺎﻌﻀِﺑ ِﻪِﺑ ﺎَﻧْﺪﺟﻮَﻓ
ُﻪُﺘﺧُأ ﻻإ ٌﺪﺣأ ُﻪَﻓﺮﻋ ﺎﻤَﻓ ، َنﻮآِﺮﺸُﻤﻟا ِﻪِﺑ َﻞﱠﺜﻣو َﻞِﺘُﻗ ﺪﻗ ُﻩﺎﻧﺪﺟوو ، ٍﻢﻬﺴِﺑ ًﺔﻴﻣر ْوأ ٍﺢْﻣُﺮﺑ َﺔﻨﻌَﻃ ْوأ ، ِﻒﻴﱠﺴﻟﺎﺑ
. ﺎﻗ
ٌﺲﻧأ ل :
ىﺮَﻧ ﺎﱠﻨُآ
ﱡﻦُﻈَﻧ ْوأ
ِﻪِهﺎَﺒﺷَأ ﻲﻓو ِﻪﻴِﻓ ْﺖَﻟَﺰَﻧ َﺔﻳﻵا ِﻩِﺬه ﱠنَأ
اﻮُﻗﺪﺻ ٌلﺎَﺟِر َﻦﻴﻨِﻣْﺆُﻤﻟا َﻦِﻣ
ُﻪَﺒْﺤَﻧ ﻰَﻀَﻗ ْﻦﻣ ْﻢُﻬْﻨِﻤَﻓ ِﻪْﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا اوﺪَهﺎَﻋ ﺎﻣ
ﺎَهﺮﺧﺁ ﻰﻟإ
:23 . [
ةﺪهﺎﺠُﻤﻟا بﺎﺑ ﻲﻓ َﻖَﺒﺳ ﺪﻗو ، ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: My uncle Anas bin An-Nadr (May Allah be pleased with
him) was absent from the battle of Badr. He said: "O Messenger of Allah! I was absent from the first battle you
fought against the pagans. (By Allah!) if Allah gives me a chance to fight against the pagans, no doubt, Allah will
see how (bravely) I will fight.'' On the Day of Uhud, when the Muslims turned their backs and fled, he said, "O
Allah! I apologize to You for what these (i.e., his companions) have done, and I denounce what these (i.e., the
pagans) have done.'' Then he advanced and Sa`d bin Mu'adh met him. He said: "O Sa`d bin Mu'adh! By the Rubb of
An-Nadr, Jannah! I am smelling its aroma coming from before (the mountain of) Uhud,'' Later on, Sa`d said: "O
Messenger of Allah! I cannot achieve or do what he (i.e., Anas bin An-Nadr) did. We found more than eighty
wounds by swords, spears and arrows on his body. We found him dead and his body was mutilated so badly that
none except his sister could recognise him by his finger.'' We used to think that the following Ayah was revealed
concerning him and other men of his sort: "
Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with
Allah (i.e., they have gone out for Jihad, and showed not their backs to the disbelievers), of them some have fulfilled
their obligations (i.e., have been martyred)
.'' (33:23).
This Hadith has been mentioned earlier. It was clarified there by Imam An-Nawawi that the word
u'' has been mentioned in two forms. The translation given above accords with its first form. In
its second form, it means "
Allah will manifest to the people what I will do
''. Through these words Anas bin Nadr
expressed, in very cautious words, his determination to fight chivalrously but refrained from making any claim or
pretension. Here, we have a lesson that if one intends to do a good deed, he should not make any tall claims about it
but do it with his utmost effort when it is time to do it. Almighty Allah will certainly make it manifest to the people.
On the contrary, if one does it for name and fame, the deed will go waste because then it will be suffused with
hypocrisy rather than sincerity. For further notes please see the Commentary on Hadith No. 109.
َلﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َةﺮُﻤﺳ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر لﺎﻗ
ﻲﻧﺎﻴَﺗأ ﻦﻴﻠُﺟر َﺔَﻠْﻴﱠﻠﻟا ُﺖْﻳَأر
ﻻﺎﻗ ،ﺎﻬﻨﻣ َﻦﺴْﺣَأ ﱡﻂَﻗ رَأ ْﻢَﻟ ، ﻞَﻀﻓَأَو ُﻦﺴْﺣأ ﻲِه ًاراَد ﻲﻧﻼَﺧْدﺄَﻓ ، َةﺮﺠﱠﺸﻟا ﻲﺑ اﺪِﻌﺼَﻓ ،
ُراﺪَﻓ راﱠﺪﻟا ِﻩِﺬه ﺎﱠﻣَأ