Page 577 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Sa`id bin Zaid bin `Amr bin Nufail (May Allah be pleased with him) reported, one of the ten Companions
who were given the glad tidings of entering Jannah reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying: "
who dies while defending his property is a martyr; he who dies in defence of his own life is a martyr; and he who
dies on defense of his faith is a martyr, he who dies in defence of his family is a martyr
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].
Those ten Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) whom he gave the glad tidings of entering Jannah are
known as "
Al-Asharatul-Mubashsharuna bil-Jannah
". They are Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, `Umar bin Al-Khattab,
`Uthman bin `Affan, `Ali bin Abu Talib, Talhah bin Ubaidullah, Zubair bin Al-`Awwam, `Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf,
Sa`d bin Abu Waqqas, Abu `Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah and the narrator of this Hadith, i.e., Sa`id bin Zaid, may Allah be
pleased with all of them. The Prophet (PBUH) also foretold that some other people will enter Jannah, but these ten
people are called Al-Asharatul-Mubashsharuna bil-Jannah for the reason that the prophecy about these ten people
was made at one time, in a single Hadith. This Hadith includes the names of some other people also who will be
given the reward of martyrdom.
َلﺎﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ةﺮﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦﻋو
لﺎَﻘَﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﻰﻟإ ٌﻞُﺟر ءﺎﺟ
: ﺎﻳ
ﻳَأرَأ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر
لﺎﻗ ؟ ﻲﻟﺎﻣ َﺬْﺧَأ ُﺪﻳِﺮُﻳ ٌﻞُﺟَر َءﺎﺟ ْنإ ﺖ
َﻚﻟﺎﻣ ِﻪِﻄْﻌُﺗ ﻼَﻓ
لﺎﻗ :
لﺎﻗ ؟ ﻲﻨﻠﺗﺎَﻗ ْنإ َﺖْﻳَأرَأ
ُﻪْﻠِﺗﺎَﻗ «
لﺎﻗ :
لﺎﻗ ؟ ﻲﻨَﻠﺘَﻗ نإ ﺖﻳَأرَأ
ٌﺪﻴﻬَﺷ ﺖْﻧﺄَﻓ
لﺎﻗ :
لﺎﻗ ؟ ُﻪُﺘْﻠَﺘَﻗ ْنإ َﺖْﻳَأرَأ
ِرﺎﱠﻨﻟا ﻲﻓ َﻮُه
ٌﻢﻠﺴﻣ .
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man came to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and
asked, "O Messenger of Allah! What shall I do if someone comes to me with the intention of taking away my
property?'' He replied, "
Do not hand over it to him.
'' The man asked, "What shall I do if he fights me?'' The
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Then fight him
.'' "What will be my position in the Hereafter if he has killed me?''
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) replied, "
In that case you are a martyr
.'' The man asked: "What if I killed him?''
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) replied, "
He will be in the Hell-fire
We learn from this Hadith that in the course of struggling to protect one's life and property, it is quite
fair to kill a dacoit, robber or plunderer. Such a killing is not deemed a sin. In case he is a Muslim, he will go to
Jannah after suffering the punishment of his attacking a Muslim. But if he regards the act of attacking Muslims and
encroaching upon their property lawful, he will be in Hell forever. It should be borne in mind that if a person dies
while struggling to protect his life and property, he will be granted the status of a martyr, with the difference that a
martyr of this kind will be given bath and funeral prayer because he is a martyr by Divine order not by his own will
and desire. He who is martyred in Jihad at the battlefield is exempted from bath and the funeral prayer.