Page 578 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 236
ﻖﺘﻌﻟا ﻞﻀﻓ بﺎﺑ
The Merit of Emancipation of Slaves
Allah, the Exalted, says:
But he has not attempted to pass on the path that is steep (i.e., the path which will lead to goodness and
success). And what will make you know the path that is steep? (It is) freeing a neck (slave)
.'' (90:11-13)
لﺎﻗ ، ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، َةﺮﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳَر ﻲﻟ لﺎﻗ
َﻖَﺘْﻋَأ ْﻦﻣ
ﺮﻔِﺑ ُﻪَﺟْﺮَﻓ ﻰﺘﺣ ِرﺎﱠﻨﻟا َﻦِﻣ ُﻪْﻨِﻣ ًاﻮْﻀُﻋ ُﻪْﻨِﻣ ٍﻮْﻀُﻋ ﱢﻞُﻜِﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ًَﻖَﺘْﻋَأ ًﺔﻤِﻠْﺴُﻣ ًﺔﺒَﻗر
ِﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
He who sets
free a Muslim slave, Allah will deliver from the fire of Hell every limb of his body in return for every limb of the
slave's body, even his private parts
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
It was the result of such instructions that the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) did their best for
the liberation of slaves. Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (May Allah be pleased with him) bought many slaves and set them
free. `Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf released as many as thirty thousand slaves. `Abdullah bin `Umar liberated more than
a thousand of them. It is stated that some Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) released eight thousand slaves within
one day. May Allah be pleased with all of them. (
Ibn `Allan and Nuzhat Al-Muttaqin
َلﺎﻗ ، ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ﱟرَذ ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋو
لﺎَﻗ ؟ ﻞَﻀﻓأ ِلﺎﻤْﻋﻷا ﱡيأ ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳر ﺎﻳ ُﺖْﻠُﻗ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟﺎﺑ ُنﺎﻤﻳﻹا
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﻞﻴﺒﺳ ﻲﻓ ُدﺎﻬِﺠﻟاو ،
َلﺎَﻗ : ُﺖْﻠُﻗ : ﱡيأ
َلﺎﻗ ؟ ُﻞَﻀْﻓأ ِبﺎَﻗﱢﺮﻟا
ًﺎﻨَﻤَﺛ ﺎَهُﺮَﺜآَأَو ، ﺎَﻬِﻠْهَأ ﺪْﻨِﻋ ﺎَﻬُﺴَﻔْﻧأ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I asked the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), "Which deed
is most excellent?'' He replied, "
Faith in Allah and Jihad in His path
.'' I then asked, "Which slaves are most excellent
(to set free)?'' He replied, "
Those who are held in high esteem by their people and whose value is higher
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
It is evident that a slave who is more valuable in the eyes of his master will be difficult to part with,
whether he is purchased to set free or liberated on one's own accord. Hence, it will be more meritorious to free such
a slave than ordinary ones. This conduct furnishes the principle that the reward of sacrificing something for Allah
goes with its quality. The more precious the thing sacrificed, the greater its reward will be. The Qur'an expressly
By no means shall you attain Al-Birr - piety, righteousness - here it means Allah's reward, i.e., Jannah), unless you
spend (in Allah's Cause) of that which you love
.'' (3:92).
The institution of slavery is now finished, but its other forms do exist, i.e., debtor, guarantor, prisoners, etc. To
liberate these from their burden is a meritorious act, and all these forms are covered by the Quranic phrase "
freeing a
'' (slave, etc.).