Page 586 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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َلﺎَﻗ ، ﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، َةَﺮﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر َلﺎَﻗ
ًاﺮِﺴْﻌُﻣ ﺮَﻈْﻧَأ ﻦﻣ
ﻻ َمْﻮَﻳ ِﻪِﺷْﺮَﻋ ﱢﻞِﻇ َﺖْﺤَﺗ ِﺔَﻣﺎﻴِﻘﻟا َمْﻮَﻳ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻪﱠﻠﻇأ ، ُﻪَﻟ َﻊَﺿَو ْوأ
ُﻪﱡﻠِﻇ ﱠﻻإ ﱠﻞِﻇ
لﺎَﻗو ﱡيﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟا ُﻩاور
ٌﺢﻴﺤﺻ ٌﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
He who
gives respite to someone who is in straitened circumstances, or grants him remission, Allah will shelter him in the
shade of His Throne, on the Day of Resurrection, when there will be no shade except its shade
On the Day of Resurrection, the sun will come very close to people's heads who will then be badly
sweating to the extent that sweat will reach up to their ankles, or knees or shoulders; some will be totally
overwhelmed with their sweat (
depending on their sins
). Those people who will have the privilege of getting in the
shade of the Throne will be then very lucky indeed. Among such lucky people, there will be a person who used not
only to give loans to the poor and the needy but also gave them convenience in the payment of their debts or would
forgive a part of the loan or all of it. This Hadith has food for thought for the affluent. Nowadays people usually lend
money to people of their own status and do not like to give loan to the poor because they think that it is difficult to
recover from them. As far as remitting a loan is concerned, we have totally forgotten this precept. In any case, to
refuse loan to a poor, when a person is in a position to lend money to him, is hateful. To lend money to a needy and
then to show him leniency in its payment or to remit it altogether is a praiseworthy act, the best reward for which
will be given to him on the Day of Resurrection. May Allah enable us to be generous to the poor on this account.
ْرَﺄَﻓ ،ُﻪَﻟ َنَزَﻮَﻓ ، ًاﺮﻴِﻌَﺑ ُﻪْﻨِﻣ ىﺮَﺘْﺷا ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﱠنأ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ٍﺮﺑﺎﺟ ْﻦَﻋو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) purchased a camel from me and
weighed more than its price.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
In the era of the Prophet (PBUH), and for a long time afterwards, all business transactions were
made by means of dirham and dinar - the former was a gold coin while the latter was a silver one. The price of the
camel which was settled in gold or silver was paid by the Prophet (PBUH) in weight, and he paid it in excess of the
agreed amount.
َلﺎَﻗ ، ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ﺲْﻴَﻗ ِﻦﺑ ِﺪﻳْﻮُﺳ ناَﻮْﻔَﺻ ﻲﺑأ ْﻦﻋو
، ﺮَﺠَه ْﻦِﻣ اﺰَﺑ ﱡيِﺪﺒﻌْﻟا ُﺔَﻣﺮْﺤَﻣو ﺎَﻧَأ ُﺖْﺒﻠَﺟ
ّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ، ِﺮْﺟﻷﺎﺑ ُنﺰﻳ ٌناﱠزَو يِﺪْﻨِﻋَو ، َﻞﻳواﺮﺴﺑ ﺎَﻨﻣوﺎَﺴَﻓ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﺎَﻧَءﺎﺠَﻓ
ُﷲا ﻰ
ِناﱠزَﻮْﻠِﻟ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
ْﺢِﺟْرَأَو ْنِز
لﺎﻗو ﱡيﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟاو ، َدواد ﻮﺑأ ُﻩاور
ٌﺢﻴﺤﺻ ٌﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
Abu Safwan Suwaid bin Qais (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Makhramah Al-`Abdi and I procured
some drapery from Hajar and brought them to Makkah. The Prophet (PBUH) came and bargained with us for some
trousers and we sold them to him. We had a person who weighed the cloth in order to fix the price. The Prophet
(PBUH) said to him, "
Weigh and add a little to it
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].
This Hadith highlights the desirability on part of the customer of paying in excess of the agreed
price. The seller is induced to give more than the agreed (
quality/weight/number of goods etc
.) against the settled
price. This is a step ahead of justice - that is Ihsan, which has very salutary effects on society. On the contrary, if
people are in the habit of encroaching up others' rights, it will doubtless create jealousy and enmity, which are
ruinous to the society.