Page 598 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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question. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Say: `O Allah, exalt the mention of Muhammad and the family of
Muhammad as you exalted the family of Ibrahim. And bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You
blessed the family of Ibrahim. You are the Praised, the Glorified,' and the method of greeting (i.e., Salam) is as you
In this Hadith, the Prophet (PBUH) has showed us that the manner of offering Salam was the same
as the one mentioned in the previous Hadith. "
'' means the wives of the Prophet (PBUH) and those of his relatives
who were from Banu Hashim and Banu `Abdul-Muttalib and had embraced Islam. Some scholars are of the opinion
that it is general and applies to all his followers.
This Hadith also teaches us that if one does not have knowledge of a religious matter, he must seek guidance from
the knowledgeable scholars of Islam about it, rather than going by his opinion. Knowledgeable persons (
here means persons who are well-versed in the Qur'an and Hadith and can answer questions in the light of them, and
not from the sayings of others or from their own intelligence.
َلﺎﻗ ، ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ﱢيﺪِﻋﺎﱠﺴﻟا ٍﺪْﻴَﻤُﺣ ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋو
َلﺎﻗ ؟ َﻚْﻴَﻠَﻋ ﻲﱢﻠَﺼُﻧ َﻒْﻴَآ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ اﻮُﻟﺎَﻗ
، ٍﺪﱠﻤَﺤُﻣ ﻰﻠَﻋ ْكرﺎﺑو ، َﻢﻴِهاﺮْﺑإ ﻰﻠﻋ َﺖْﻴﱠﻠَﺻ ﺎﻤآ ، ِﻪِﺘﱠﻳﱢرُذَو ِﻪِﺟاوْزأ ﻰﻠَﻋو ، ٍﺪﱢﻤﺤُﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﱢﻞﺻ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
ٌﺪﻴِﺠﻣ ٌﺪﻴِﻤﺣ َﻚﱠﻧإ ، ﻢﻴِهاﺮْﺑإ ﻰﻠﻋ َﺖآَرﺎﺑ ﺎﻤآ ، ِﻪِﺘﱠﻳﱢرُذو ِﻪِﺟاَوْزَأ
ِﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Humaid As-Sa`idi (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Companions of the Messenger of
Allah (PBUH) said: "O Messenger of Allah! How should we supplicate for you?'' He (PBUH) replied, "
`Allahumma salli `ala Muhammadin wa `ala azwajihi wa dhurriyyatihi, kama sallaita `ala Ibrahima; wa barik `ala
Muhammadin wa `ala azwajihi wa dhurriyyatihi, kama barakta `ala Ibrahima, innaka Hamidum-Majid (O Allah sent
Your Salat (O Allah, exalt the mention of Muhammad and his wives and offspring as You exalted the mention of the
family of Ibrahim, and bless Muhammad and the wives and the offspring of Muhammad as you blessed the family
of Ibrahim. You are the Praised, the Glorious
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
'' is the plural of "
'' that is a pair. This is the reason that in Arabic it applies to both,
masculine as well as feminine. Man is the Zauj of woman and woman is the Zauj of a man. In any case, here it
means the Prophet's wives who are eleven in number. Two of them had died during the lifetime of the Prophet
(PBUH) and nine survived after him. Islam does not permit more than four wives to a Muslim but the Prophet
(PBUH) was given the exclusive permission for numerous considerations which have been discussed by religious
scholars at length.
This Hadith also refutes the opinion of those who do not include his pious wives in the category of his "
'. The
progeny of the Prophet (PBUH) includes his male and female children and their descendants. But after his death
none except Fatimah (May Allah be pleased with her) and her children remained alive. In short, his "Al'' includes his
wives and progeny.