Page 6 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was asked
about who fights in the battlefield out of valour, or out of zeal, or out of hypocrisy, which of this is considered as
fighting in the cause of Allah? He said:
"He who fights in order that the Word of Allah remains the supreme, is
considered as fighting in the cause of Allah".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Since one's action will be evaluated in terms of intention, so he alone would be a Mujahid
(warrior in
the cause of Deen)
who fights to glorify the Name of Allah.
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﱠنَأ ﻪﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲِﺿَر ﻲِﻔﻘﱠﺜﻟا ِثِرﺎﺤْﻟا ِﻦْﺑ ِﻊْﻴﻔُﻧ ةَﺮْﻜَﺑ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻗ :»
ﻰَﻘﺘْﻟا اَذِإ
ِرﺎﱠﻨﻟا ﻲﻓ ُلﻮُﺘْﻘﻤﻟاو ُﻞِﺗﺎﻘْﻟﺎﻓ ﺎَﻤِﻬْﻴﻔْﻴﺴﺑ ِنﺎَﻤِﻠْﺴُﻤْﻟا
ُﺖْﻠُﻗ :
ﻤْﻟا ُلﺎَﺑ ﺎَﻤﻓ ُﻞِﺗﺎَﻘْﻟا اَﺬَه ، ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳَر ﺎَﻳ
؟ ِلﻮُﺘْﻘ
لﺎَﻗ :
ِﻪِﺒِﺣﺎَﺻ ِﻞْﺘَﻗ ﻰَﻠَﻋ ًﺎﺼﻳِﺮَﺣ َنﺎَآ ُﻪﱠﻧِإ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Bakrah Ath-Thaqafi (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said:
"When two
Muslims are engaged in a combat against each other with their sword's and one is killed, both are doomed to Hell".
said, "O Messenger of Allah! As to the one who kills, it is understandable, but why the slain one?" He (PBUH)
"He was eager to kill his opponent".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith leads to the conclusion that one would be punished for such sinful intention for which he
has made a firm determination, and for the commitment of which he has adopted necessary measures, even if he
does not succeed in committing it because of certain obstruction. Thus determination is different from a suggestion
of the devil. The latter is excusable while one is accountable for his determination. However, what is mentioned in
the Hadith will happen when Muslims fight among themselves for worldly honour and prejudices, and no religious
issue would be the cause of their conflict, because in the latter case, it is possible that both might be depending on
their own Ijtihad (
exercise of opinion
) for which they may be excused.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﷲا َﻲِﺿَر َةَﺮْﻳَﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋَو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﷲا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ٍﺔﻋﺎﻤﺟ ﻲﻓ ِﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا ُةَﻼَﺻ
ْﻟا َﻦَﺴْﺣَﺄَﻓ َﺄﱠﺿَﻮَﺗ اذِإ ْﻢُهَﺪَﺣَأ ﱠنَأ َﻚِﻟذو ، ًﺔَﺟَرَد َﻦﻳﺮْﺸِﻋو ًﺎﻌْﻀﺑ ِﻪِﺘْﻴَﺑَو ِﻪِﻗﻮُﺳ ﻲﻓ ِﻪِﺗَﻼَﺻ ﻰَﻠَﻋ ُﺪﻳﺰﺗ
ﱠﻢُﺛ ، َءﻮُﺿُﻮ
ﺎﻬِﺑ ُﻪَﻟ َﻊِﻓُر ﱠﻻِإ ًةَﻮﻄُﺧ ُﻂﺨَﻳ ْﻢَﻟ ، ُةَﻼﱠﺼﻟا ﱠﻻِإ ُﻩُﺰَﻬْﻨَﻳ ﻻ ، َةَﻼﱠﺼﻟا ﱠﻻِإ ُﺪﻳِﺮُﻳ ﻻ ﺪِﺠْﺴَﻤْﻟا ﻰَﺗَأ
ﺎَﻬِﺑ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﱠﻂُﺣَو ، ٌﺔﺟرَد
ﻼﱠﺼﻟا ِﺖَﻧﺎَآ ﺎَﻣ ِةَﻼﱠﺼﻟا ﻲﻓ َنﺎآ َﺪِﺠْﺴَﻤْﻟا ﻞﺧد اَذِﺈَﻓ ، َﺪِﺠْﺴَﻤْﻟا َﻞﺧْﺪَﻳ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ٌﺔَﺌﻴﻄَﺧ
ُﺔَﻜِﺋﻼَﻤْﻟاَو ، ُﻪُﺴِﺒﺤﺗ ﻲﺘﻟا َﻲِه ُة
َنﻮُﻟﻮُﻘﻳ ، ِﻪﻴِﻓ ﻰﱠﻠَﺻ يﺬﱠﻟا ِﻪﺴِﻠْﺠَﻣ ﻲﻓ ماد ﺎﻣ ْﻢُآﺪَﺣَأ ﻰَﻠَﻋ َنﻮﱡﻠَﺼُﻳ
ْﺐُﺗ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا ، ُﻪَﻟ ْﺮِﻔْﻏا ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا ، ُﻪْﻤَﺣْرا ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
ِﻪﻴِﻓ ْثِﺪْﺤُﻳ ْﻢَﻟ ﺎَﻣ ، ِﻪﻴِﻓ ِذْﺆُﻳ ْﻢَﻟﺎﻣ ، ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ٍﻢﻠْﺴُﻣ ُﻆْﻔَﻟ اَﺬَهو،
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ُﻪُﻟْﻮَﻗَو
» ُﻩُﺰَﻬْﻨﻳ
ياﱠﺰﻟﺎﺑَو ِءﺎﻬْﻟاَو ِءﺎﻴْﻟا ِﺢﺘﻔِﺑ َﻮُه
ُﻪُﻀِﻬْﻨُﻳو ُﻪُﺟِﺮْﺨُﻳ يَأ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:
reward for Salat performed by a person in congregation is more than 20 times greater than that of the Salat
performed in one's house or shop. When one performs Wudu' perfectly and then proceeds to the mosque with the
sole intention of performing Salat, then for every step he takes towards the mosque, he is upgraded one degree in
reward and one of his sins is eliminated until he enters the mosque, and when he enters the mosque, he is considered
as performing Salat as long as it is the Salat which prevents him (from leaving the mosque); and the angels keep on
supplicating Allah for him as long as he remains in his place of prayer. They say: 'O Allah! have mercy on him; O
Allah! forgive his sins; O Allah! accept his repentance'. This will carry on as long as he does not pass wind
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith shows that although it is permissible to perform Salat individually in market places and
houses, but its collective performance in the mosque is 25, 26, or 27 times more meritorious, as mentioned in other
ْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﷲا لﻮﺳر ْﻦَﻋ ،ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲِﺿَر ﺐﻠِﱠﻄُﻤْﻟا ِﺪْﺒَﻋ ِﻦْﺑ ِسﺎﱠﺒﻋ ِﻦْﺑ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪْﺒَﻋ ِسﺎﱠﺒَﻌْﻟا ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋَو
َلﺎَﻗ ﻰَﻟﺎَﻌَﺗَو َكَرﺎَﺒَﺗ ، ِﻪﱢﺑر ْﻦَﻋ ىوْﺮَﻳ ﺎﻤﻴِﻓ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو
ﺴﺤْﻟا َﺐَﺘآ ﷲا ﱠنِإ
ﻚﻟذ َﻦﱠﻴَﺑ ﱠﻢُﺛ ِتﺎﺌﱢﻴﱠﺴﻟاو ِتﺎﻨ
ﱠﻢه ْﻦَﻤﻓ
ﺎَﻬَﻠِﻤَﻌَﻓ ﺎَﻬﺑ ﱠﻢه ْنِإَو ًﺔﻠِﻣﺎآ ًﺔﻨﺴﺣ ُﻩَﺪْﻨِﻋ ﻰَﻟﺎَﻌَﺗَو َكَرﺎَﺒَﺗ ُﻩَﺪْﻨِﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺎَﻬَﺒﺘآ ﺎَﻬْﻠَﻤْﻌﻳ ْﻢﻠَﻓ ٍﺔﻨَﺴَﺤِﺑ
ﺮْﺸَﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺎَﻬَﺒَﺘَآ
ﺮﻴﺜآ ٍفﺎَﻌْﺿَأ ﻰَﻟِإ ٍﻒْﻌِﺿ ِﺔِﺋﺎَﻤِﻌْﺒَﺳ ﻰَﻟِإ ٍتﺎَﻨَﺴَﺣ
، ًﺔَﻠِﻣﺎآ ًﺔَﻨَﺴَﺣ ُﻩَﺪْﻨِﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺎَﻬَﺒَﺘَآ ﺎَﻬْﻠَﻤْﻌَﻳ ْﻢَﻠَﻓ ِﺔَﺌﱢﻴﺴِﺑ ﱠﻢَه ْنِإَو ، ٍة
ًةَﺪِﺣاَو ًﺔَﺌﱢﻴَﺳ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺎَﻬَﺒَﺘَآ ﺎَﻬﻠِﻤَﻌﻓ ﺎﻬِﺑ ﱠﻢَه ْنِإَو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
`Abdullah bin `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said that Allah,
the Glorious, said:
"Verily, Allah (SWT) has ordered that the good and the bad deeds be written down. Then He
explained it clearly how (to write): He who intends to do a good deed but he does not do it, then Allah records it for
him as a full good deed, but if he carries out his intention, then Allah the Exalted, writes it down for him as from ten