Page 610 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 245
ﻣو ًﺎﻌﺠﻄﻀﻣو ًاﺪﻋﺎﻗو ًﺎﻤﺋﺎﻗ ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺮآذ بﺎﺑ
ﺐﻨﺠﻟ ﻞﺤﻳ ﻼﻓ نﺁﺮﻘﻟا ﻻإ ًﺎﻀﺋﺎﺣو ًﺎﺒﻨُﺟو ًﺎﺛﺪﺤ
ﺾﺋﺎﺣ ﻻو
Remembrance of Allah in all Conditions
Allah, the Exalted, says:
Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed
signs for men of understanding. Those who remember Allah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and
lying down on their sides..
'' (3:190,191)
ﺖَﻟﺎَﻗ ﺎَﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ْﻦﻋو
ﱢﻞُآ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻰﻟﺎﻌَﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﺮُآﺬﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر َنﺎآ
ِﻪِﻧﺎ .
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to remember Allah
at all times
Such religious scholars take support from this Hadith who hold that the recitation of the Qur'an is
permissible in a state of Janabah (
resulting from coition
) and menses. Imam Al-Bukhari is also included among
those who hold this view. They say that the words "at all times'' clearly means that. The Prophet (PBUH) used to
remember Allah (
which includes the recitation of the Qur'an also
) no matter whether he was in a state of minor or
major pollution. For this reason, Sheikh Al-Albani has objected Imam An-Nawawi's mentioning these two
exceptions (
pollution resulting from coition and menses
) in the relevant title, and has stated that there is no Hadith in
support of these exceptions. In fact, the Hadith narrated by `A ishah (May Allah be pleased with her) contradicts this
view. In the opinion of this school of thought, the Ahadith which prohibit the remembrance of Allah when a person
is in the state of Janabah are weak in authority and are open to discussion. Thus, such Ahadith do not prove the
prohibition. In the opinion of the second school of thought, which holds the opposite view, such Ahadith carry
weight despite being weak in authority, because their weakness is not serious. Some of them even believe that such
Ahadith come to the level of Hadith Hasan. So far logic is concerned, the viewpoint of the first school carries more
weight but the reverence of the Qur'an also calls for caution. The best way to create conformity between the two
views is that in inevitable situations one may go by the first view but in the ordinary circumstances it is better to
follow the second view. Allah Alone knows what is right.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ﺎﻤﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍسﺎﱠﺒﻋ ﻦﺑا ﻦﻋو
ﻰَﺗَأ اذِإ ْﻢُآﺪَﺣَأ ﱠنَأ ﻮﻟ
َلﺎﻗ ُﻪَﻠهَأ
و ﺎﻤُﻬﻨْﻴﺑ ﻲِﻀُﻘَﻓ ، ﺎَﻨَﺘْﻗَزر ﺎﻣ َنﺎﻄﻴﱠﺸﻟا ِﺐﱢﻨﺟَو َنﺎَﻄﻴﱠﺸﻟا ﺎَﻨْﺒﱢﻨَﺟ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﻢْﺴِﺑ
ُﻩّﺮُﻀﻳ ﻢﻟ ، ٌﺪَﻟ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ .
Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "
If anyone intends to have
(sexual intercourse) with his wife, he should say: "
Bismillah! Allahumma janibnash-Shaitana, wa jannibish-Shaitana
ma razaqtana (In the Name of Allah, O Allah! Keep us away from Satan and keep Satan away from what You have
bestowed upon us);' and if Allah has ordained a child for them, Satan will never harm him.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
One should recite the prayer mentioned in this Hadith before one cohabits with his wife. This will
save him and his offspring from the evil effect of Satan. But it must be borne in mind that this prayer is to be recited
before the intercourse and not during it.