Page 619 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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but if You let it go (let me live), guard it against which You guarded Your pious slaves]
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith calls our attention to a very important matter that before going to bed, we must shake off
our bed-sheet, mattresses, etc., because it is quite possible that some poisonous insect might have passed over it in
our absence and the effects left by it may prove harmful to us. One should recite this prayer after shaking off the
bed-sheet, mattresses, etc.
ﻲﻓ َﺚَﻔَﻧ ُﻪَﻌﺠْﻀﻣ َﺬَﺧَأ اَذِإ نﺎآ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﱠنَأ ، ﺎﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ْﻦﻋو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ ، ُﻩَﺪَﺴَﺟ ﺎَﻤﻬِﺑ ﺢﺴَﻣو ِتاذﱢﻮَﻌُﻤْﻟﺎﺑ َأَﺮَﻗَو ، ِﻪْﻳَﺪﻳ
ﺎﻤﻬﻟ ﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ﺎَآ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﱠنَأ
ِﻪْﻴﱠﻔَآ ﻊَﻤﺟ ٍﺔﻠْﻴَﻟ ﱠﻞُآ ِﻪِﺷاَﺮِﻓ ﻰﻟِإ ىوَأ اَذِإ َن
ﺎﻤﻬﻴﻓ َﺚَﻔﻧ ﱠﻢُﺛ
ﺎﻤﻬﻴِﻓ َأﺮَﻘَﻓ
ِﻣ َعﺎﻄﺘْﺳا ﺎﻣ ﺎَﻤِﻬِﺑ َﺢَﺴَﻣ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ِسﺎﱠﻨﻟا ﱢبﺮِﺑ ُذﻮُﻋَأ ْﻞُﻗَو ، ِﻖَﻠﻔﻟا ﱢبَﺮِﺑ ُذﻮُﻋَأ ْﻞُﻗو ، ٌﺪَﺣَأ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻮُه ْﻞُﻗ
ْأَر ﻰَﻠَﻋ ﺎﻤﻬِﺑ ُأَﺪْﺒﻳ ، ِﻩِﺪَﺴﺟ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ تاﱠﺮﻣ َثَﻼَﺛ َﻚﻟذ ُﻞَﻌْﻔَﻳ ، ِﻩِﺪَﺴَﺟ ْﻦِﻣ َﻞﺒﻗَأ ﺎﻣو ، ِﻪِﻬﺟوَو ِﻪِﺳ
ِﺔَﻐﱡﻠﻟا ُﻞهَأ لﺎﻗ
» ُﺚْﻔﱠﻨﻟا
ٍﻖﻳِر َﻼِﺑ ٌﻒﻴِﻄَﻟ ٌﺦﻔَﻧ
`A ishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) went to bed,
he would blow upon his hands recite Al-Mu`awwidhat; and pass his hands over his body.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
'' the Surah which give protection) are the three Surah of the Qur'an which have
been mentioned in this Hadith. They are so named because the request for granting of protection is made to Allah by
means of them. The last two Surah of the Qur'an, that is Surat Al-Falaq and Surat An-Nas, are called "
'' which means "
Two Surah which give protection
''. One must recite these Surah of the Qur'an
before going to sleep so that one may, on the one hand, follow the practice of the Prophet (PBUH), and on the other
one, finds the Protection of Allah.
ﺎَﻗ ، ﺎَﻤﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ، ٍبِزﺎﻋ ِﻦﺑ ِءاَﺮﺒﻟا ِﻦﻋَو
َل :
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر ﻲﻟ لﺎﻗ
» اَذِإ
ْﻞﻗو ، ِﻦَﻤﻳَﻷا َﻚﱢﻘِﺷ ﻰﻠَﻋ ْﻊِﺠَﻄْﺿا ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ِةﻼﱠﺼﻠِﻟ َكَءﻮُﺿو ْﺄﱠﺿﻮَﺘَﻓ َﻚَﻌَﺠْﻀَﻣ َﺖﻴَﺗَأ
، َﻚﻴَﻟِإ ﻲﺴِﻔﻧ ُﺖْﻤَﻠْﺳَأ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
َﻚْﻴَﻟِإ ﻲِﻬْﺟَو ُﺖْﻬﱠﺟَوَو
ْﻴَﻟِإ يﺮﻣَأ ُﺖﺿﱠﻮَﻓَو
ﻲﺠﻨَﻣ ﻻو َﺄﺠﻠَﻣﻻ ، َﻚْﻴَﻟِإ ًﺔَﺒْهرو ًﺔﺒﻏر ، َﻚْﻴَﻟِإ يِﺮﻬَﻇ ُتْﺄَﺠَﻟَأَو ، َﻚ
ﱠﺖِﻣ ْنِﺈﻓ ، َﺖﻠَﺳرَأ يِﺬﻟا َﻚﱢﻴِﺒَﻨِﺑَو ، ﺖْﻟَﺰﻧَأ يِﺬﻟا َﻚِﺑﺎَﺘِﻜِﺑ ُﺖﻨﻣﺁ ، َﻚﻴﻟِإ ﱠﻻِإ َﻚْﻨِﻣ
َﺮِﺧﺁ ﱠﻦُﻬﻠَﻌْﺟاو ، ِةﺮﻄِﻔﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﱠﺖِﻣ
ُلﻮُﻘَﺗ ﺎﻣ
ِﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﱠﺘُﻣ
Al-Bara` bin `Azib (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
Whenever you intend to go to bed, perform Wudu' as is done for Salat (prayer); and then lie down on the right side
and recite: `Allahumma aslamtu nafsi ilaika, wa fawwadtu amri ilaika, wal-ja'tu zahri ilaika, raghbatan wa rahbatan
ilaika, la malja'a wa la manja minka illa ilaika, amantu bikitabik-alladhi anzalta, wa binabiyyik-alladhi arsalta [O
Allah! I have submitted myself to You. I have turned my face to You, entrusted my affairs to You and relied
completely on You out of desire for and fear of You (expecting Your reward and fearing Your punishment). There is
no resort and no deliverer from (hardships) except You. I affirm my faith in Your Book which You have revealed,
and in Your Prophet whom You have sent].' If you die during the night, you will die in the true religion. Let these
words be your last words at night
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith has already been mentioned. See Hadith No. 80. It points out the desirability of
performing Wudu' before going to bed and reciting this Du`a which show the genuine worship and complete
submission to Allah.]
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﱠنَأ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ٍﺲَﻧَأ ْﻦَﻋَو
لﺎَﻗ ِﻪِﺷاَﺮِﻓ ﻰﻟِإ ىَوَأ اذإ َنﺎَآ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟ ُﺪْﻤﺤﻟا
َيِوْﺆُﻣ ﻻو ُﻪَﻟ َﻲﻓﺎآ ﻻ ْﻦﱠﻤِﻣ ْﻢﻜﻓ ، ﺎَﻧاوﺁو ﺎَﻧﺎَﻔآو ، ﺎﻧﺎَﻘﺳو ﺎَﻨﻤَﻌْﻃَأ يﺬﱠﻟا
ٌﻢﻠﺴﻣ ُﻩاور
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the Prophet (PBUH) went to his bed, he would
say: "
Al-hamdu lillah-illadhi at`amana wa saqana, wa kafana wa awana, fakam mimman la kafiya lahu wa la
mu'wiya (Praise is due to Allah Who has fed us, provided us drink, satisfied us and gave us protection. Many are
those who have no one to provide for them, or give them shelter)
This Hadith impresses upon us that Almighty Allah is sufficient for mankind. That is, He saves us
from our enemies, gives us sustenance, and provides us facilities of residence and living. Due thanks should be
addressed to Him alone.