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Book Sixteen: The Book of Du'a (Supplications)
تاﻮﻋﺪﻟا بﺎﺘآ
Chapter 250
Issues regarding Supplications, their Virtues and Supplications of the Prophet
Allah, the Exalted, says:
And your Rubb said: `Invoke Me, [i.e., believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism)] (and ask Me for
anything) I will respond to your (invocation)
''' (40:60)
Invoke your Rubb with humility and in secret. He likes not the aggressors.
'' (7:55)
And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad (PBUH)) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed
near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without
any mediator or intercessor).
'' (2:186)
Is not He (better than your gods) Who responds to the distressed one, when he calls on Him, and Who
removes the evil
?'' (27:62)
ٍﺮﻴﺸﺑ ِﻦْﺑ ِنﺎﻤْﻌﱡﻨﻟا ﻦﻋَو
َلﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﱠﻨﻟا ِﻦَﻋ ، ﺎﻤُﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿر
ُةدﺎَﺒِﻌﻟا َﻮه ُءﺎﻋﱡﺪﻟا
ﺢﻴﺤﺻ ﻦﺴﺣ ﺚﻳﺪﺣ ﻻﺎﻗو يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟاو دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
An-Nu`man bin Bashir (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "
(supplication) is worship
[Abu Dawud].
What is prayer but an expression of one's humbleness and helplessness before Allah. The expression
of one's weakness, inferiority and lowliness before the Infinite Power and Might of Allah is in fact the essence of
worshipping Him. For this reason, prayer has been regarded as the essence of worship. Thus, prayer is reserved for
Him Alone and it should not be addressed to anyone else in any case. Al-Qadi `Iyad said that Du`a is that act of
worship which alone deserves to be referred to as `Ibadah, or worship, because when one observes it, one in fact
shows drawing near to Allah, utter dedication to Him and rejection of all that He does not like and approve.
َﻗ ، ﺎَﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر َﺔَﺸِﺋﺎَﻋ ْﻦَﻋو
َﻦِﻣ َﻊِﻣاﻮﺠﻟا ﱡﺐِﺤَﺘْﺴَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳر نﺎَآ
َﻚﻟذ ىﻮِﺳ ﺎﻣ ُعَﺪَﻳو ، ِءﺎﻋﱡﺪﻟا
ﺪﱢﻴﺟ ٍدﺎﻨﺳِﺈﺑ دواد ﻮﺑَأ ﻩاَوَر
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) liked comprehensive
supplications or (Al-Jawami` - i.e., supplications with very few words but comprehensive in meanings), and
discarded others
[Abu Dawud].
َلﺎَﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿَر ٍﺲَﻧَأ ْﻦَﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﻨﻟا ِءﺎَﻋُد ُﺮَﺜْآَأ َنﺎآ
» ﱠﻠﻟا
ﺎَﻴْﻧﱡﺪﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺎَﻨِﺗﺁ ﱠﻢُﻬ
ِرﺎﱠﻨﻟا َباﺬَﻋ ﺎَﻨِﻗَو ، ًﺔَﻨﺴَﺣ ِةﺮِﺧﻵا ﻲﻓو ، ًﺔَﻨَﺴَﺣ
ِﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖَﻔﱠﺘُﻣ
لﺎَﻗ ِﻪِﺘﻳاوِر ﻲﻓ ٌﻢِﻠﺴُﻣ داز
ﺎَﻬﺑ ﺎﻋَد ٍءﺎَﻋُﺪﺑ ﻮُﻋﺪَﻳ نَأ َداَرَأ اذِإَو ،ﺎﻬﺑ ﺎَﻋَد ٍةَﻮﻋﺪِﺑ َﻮُﻋﺪَﻳ ْنَأ داَرَأ اذِإ ٌﺲَﻧَأ َنﺎَآو
ﻪﻴﻓ .
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The supplication most often recited by the Prophet (PBUH)
was: "
Allahumma atina fid-dunya hasanatan, wa fil-akhirati hasanatan, wa qina `adhab-annar (O our Rubb! give us
in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the punishment of the
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
In the narration of Muslim it is added that whenever Anas supplicated, he used to beseech Allah with this Du`a.
It is desirable to recite this Du`a which is mentioned in the Qur'an (2:201) and which comprehends
all that is good both in this life and the Hereafter. The Prophet (PBUH) made it a habit to recite this Du`a, and the
Companions were eager to follow him in all his words and actions.