Page 624 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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ٍﺔﻳاوِر ﻲﻓو
ﻲﺘْﻴﺑ ﻲﻓَو
يِوُرَو :
ًاﺮﻴِﺜَآ ًﺎﻤْﻠُﻇ
» ًاﺮﻴِﺒَآ «
، ةﺪﺣﻮﻤﻟا ِءﺎﺒﻟﺎِﺑو ﺔﺜﻠﺜﻤﻟا ِءﺎﺜﻟﺎِﺑ
َأ ﻲِﻐﺒْﻨَﻴَﻓ
ُلﺎَﻘُﻴَﻓ ، ﺎَﻤُﻬَﻨْﻴَﺑ َﻊَﻤْﺠُﻳ ن
ًاﺮﻴﺒَآ ًاﺮﻴﺜَآ
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I requested the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)
to teach me a supplication which I could recite in my Salat (prayer). Thereupon he said, "
Recite: `Allahumma inni
zalamtu nafsi zulman kathiran, wa la yaghfirudh-dhunuba illa Anta, faghfir li maghfiratan min `indika, warhamni,
innaka Antal-Ghafur-ur-Rahim (O Allah! I have considerably wronged myself. There is none to forgive the sins but
You. So grant me pardon and have mercy on me. You are the Most Forgiving, the Most Compassionate)
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
It is desirable to recite this prayer in Salat after Tashahhud and before Taslim. One can also recite it
at all other times also.
ِءﺎَﻋﱡﺪﻟا اﺬَﻬﺑ ﻮُﻋﺪَﻳ َنﺎَآ ﻪﱠﻧَأ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ِﻦَﻋ ، ﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲَﺿر ﻰَﺳﻮﻣ ﻲﺑَأ ﻦَﻋَو
ﱢﺪِﺟ ﻲﻟ ْﺮِﻔﻏا ﱠﻢﻬﱠﻠﻟا ، ﻲﱢﻨِﻣ ِﻪِﺑ ﻢَﻠﻋَأ َﺖْﻧَأ ﺎﻣو ، يﺮْﻣَأ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻓاَﺮْﺳِإو ، ﻲﻠْﻬﺟو ﻲﺘَﺌﻴِﻄَﺧ ﻲﻟ ﺮِﻔْﻏا ﱠﻢﻬﱠﻠﻟا
ﻲﻟْﺰَهَو ي
َﻠْﻋَأ ﺎَﻣَو ُتْرﺮْﺳَأ ﺎﻣَو ، ُتْﺮﱠﺧَأ ﺎَﻣَو ُﺖْﻣﱠﺪَﻗ ﺎَﻣ ﻲﻟ ْﺮِﻔْﻏا ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا ، يِﺪْﻨِﻋ َﻚِﻟذ ﱡﻞآَو ، يِﺪْﻤﻋَو ﻲﺌَﻄَﺧَو ،
ﺎَﻣَو ، ُﺖْﻨ
ٌﺮﻳِﺪَﻗ ٍءْﻲَﺷ ﱢﻞآ ﻰﻠَﻋ َﺖْﻧَأَو ،ُﺮﱢﺧَﺆُﻤﻟا َﺖْﻧَأَو ، ُمﱢﺪَﻘﻤﻟا ﺖْﻧَأ ، ﻲﱢﻨِﻣ ِﻪِﺑ ُﻢَﻠْﻋَأ َﺖْﻧَأ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Musa (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) used to supplicate: "
aghfir li khati'ati, wajahli, wa israfi fi amri, wa ma Anta a`lamu bihi minni. Allahumm-aghfir li jiddi wa hazli, wa
khata'i wa `amdi, wa kullu dhalika `indi. Allahumm-aghfir li ma qaddamtu wa ma akhkhartu, wa ma asrartu, wa ma
a`lantu, wa ma Anta a`lamu bihi minni. Antal-Muqaddimu, wa Antal-Mu'akhkhiru; wa Anta `ala kulli shai'in Qadir
(O Allah! Forgive my errors, ignorance and immoderation in my affairs. You are better aware of my faults than
myself. O Allah! Forgive my faults which I committed in seriousness or in fun deliberately or inadvertently. O
Allah! Grant me pardon for those sins which I committed in the past and I may commit in future, which I committed
in privacy or in public and all those sins of which You are better aware than me. You Alone can send whomever
You will to Jannah, and You Alone can send whomever You will to Hell-fire and You are Omnipotent)
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The Prophet (PBUH) was sinless but still he prayed earnestly to Allah for the forgiveness of his
shortcomings. In fact, he did so to educate his followers. This prayer is an expression of one's utter humbleness and
sincere repentance of sins.
ِﻪِﺋﺎَﻋُد ﻲﻓ ُلﻮُﻘﻳ َنﺎَآ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﱠنَأ ، ﺎَﻬﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر َﺔَﺸِﺋﺎَﻋ ْﻦﻋو
ﻲﱢﻧِإ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
ْﻞَﻤْﻋَأ ْﻢَﻟ ﺎﻣ ﱢﺮَﺷ ْﻦِﻣو ُﺖْﻠِﻤﻋ ﺎﻣ ﱢﺮَﺷ ْﻦِﻣ َﻚِﺑ ُذﻮُﻋَأ
ﻢِﻠْﺴُﻣ ُﻩاَوَر
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) used to supplicate (in these words):
Allahumma inni audhu bika min sharri ma `amiltu, wa min sharri ma lam a`mal (O Allah! I seek refuge in You
from the evil of that which I have done and the evil of that which I have not done)
This prayer is also very comprehensive. Sometimes a person does a virtuous deed but it is tainted
with slight hypocrisy or pride. It is an element which destroys even the most virtuous deeds. It is this mischief
against which Allah's Protection has been sought through this prayer.
َلﺎَﻗ ﺎﻤُﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ﺮَﻤُﻋ ِﻦﺑا ِﻦَﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮُﺳر ِءﺎﻋُد ْﻦِﻣ َنﺎآ
ﻲﱢﻧِإ ﱠﻢﻬﱠﻠﻟا
َﺗَو ، َﻚِﺘَﻤْﻌِﻧ ِلاَوَز ْﻦِﻣ َﻚِﺑ ُذﻮُﻋَأ
َﻚِﻄَﺨﺳ ِﻊﻴﻤﺟَو ، َﻚِﺘَﻤْﻘِﻧ ِةَءﺎﺠُﻓَو َﻚِﺘَﻴِﻓﺎَﻋ ِلﱡﻮَﺤ
ٌﻢِﻠْﺴُﻣ ُﻩاَور
`Abdullah bin `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to
supplicate thus: "
Allahumma inni a`udhu bika min zawali ni`matika, wa tahawwuli `afiyatika, wa fuja'ati niqmatika,
wa jami`i sakhatika (O Allah! I seek refuge in You against the declining of Your Favours, passing of safety, the
suddenness of Your punishment and all that which displeases You)
This is also a very comprehensive prayer. Allah has blessed man with innumerable gifts. One
becomes conscious of them when one is deprived of any of them, hence it is said that the value of a blessing is
realized at its loss. For eyes, ears, tongue, health, property, children and such countless blessings, we owe gratitude
to Allah. In the prayer cited in this Hadith, one entreats Allah not to deprive of any blessing given to him. `Afiyah
means safe from disease, grief and troubles. "Passing of the safety (
)'' signifies the change from a state of
good health to a state of illness and weakness or that one is overtaken by troubles and afflictions.