Page 643 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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paid) in return such and such
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].
In Arabic, the word "
'' is often used for imitating someone's defect or deformity, etc. Every
imitation of this kind also amounts to backbiting. This is the reason the Prophet (PBUH) used the analogy stated in
this Hadith when `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said that Safiyyah (May Allah be pleased with her) was
short-statured. Imam An-Nawawi regarded this analogy as based on Wahy and supported his contention by the
Verse of the Qur'an: "
Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. It is only a Revelation revealed
Thus, it is evident from this Hadith that to speak of somebody in a scornful manner, or ridicule someone's physical
defect, or to imitate someone's deformity, or talk disparagingly about someone, is a great offense which should be
avoided by every Muslim.
َلﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍﺲَﻧأ ْﻦَﻋَو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر َلﺎَﻗ
ٍمْﻮَﻘِﺑ ُتْرﺮﻣ ﻲﺑ َجِﺮُﻋ ﺎﱠﻤﻟ
ُﻬَهﻮُﺟو ﺎَﻬﺑ َنﻮُﺸِﻤﺨَﻳ ٍسﺎﺤُﻧ ﻦِﻣ ٌرﺎَﻔْﻇأ ْﻢُﻬﻟ
ُﺖْﻠُﻘَﻓ ، ﻢُهَروُﺪُﺻَو ُﻢ
لﺎَﻗ ؟ ﻞﻳِﺮْﺒِﺟ ﺎَﻳ ِءﻻﺆه ْﻦﻣ
َﻦﻳِﺬﱠﻟا ِءﻻﺆه
، ْﻢﻬِﺿاﺮْﻋأ ﻲﻓ نﻮُﻌَﻘَﻳو ، ِسﺎﱠﻨﻟا مﻮُﺤُﻟ َنﻮُﻠُآْﺄَﻳ
دواد ﻮﺑأ ُﻩاور
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
During the Mi`raj (the
Night of Ascension), I saw a group of people who were scratching their chests and faces with their copper nails. I
asked, `Who are these people, O Jibril?' Jibril replied: `These are the people who ate flesh of others (by backbiting)
and trampled people's honour.
[Abu Dawud].
These are the people who ate flesh of others
'' is a metaphor for backbiting. "
To trample people's
'' is akin to harming their goodwill and honour. The punishment for these things mentioned in Hadith makes
their seriousness obvious.
َلﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳر ﱠنأ ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ةﺮْﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
ِﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا ﻰﻠَﻋ ِﻢِﻠﺴُﻤﻟا ﱡﻞُآ
ٌماَﺮﺣ :
ُﻪُﻟﺎَﻣَو ُﻪُﺿْﺮِﻋو ُﻪُﻣَد
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ُﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: "
The blood,
honour and property of a Muslim is inviolable for another Muslim.
This Hadith also makes it clear that a Muslim is bound to protect his blood, wealth and honour and it
is not lawful for any Muslim to attack another Muslim's honour and property. Nor is it lawful for him to kill another
Muslim without a valid reason.