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Chapter 266
ّﻖﺣ ﺮﻴﻐﺑ ﻢﻠﺴﻤﻟا ّﺐﺳ ﻢﻳﺮﺤﺗ بﺎﺑ
Prohibition of Reviling a Muslim without any cause
Allah, the Exalted, says:
And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, bear on themselves the crime of slander and
plain sin.
'' (33:58)
ٍدﻮﻌﺴَﻣ ِﻦﺑا ِﻦﻋو
لﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر لﺎﻗ
ِﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا بﺎﺒِﺳ
ٌﺮْﻔُآ ُﻪُﻟﺎَﺘِﻗو ، ٌقﻮﺴُﻓ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Reviling a
Muslim is Fusuq (disobedience of Allah) and killing him is (tantamount to) disbelief
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Killing him is (tantamount) to disbelief
'' means that in terms of sin and prohibition, it is akin to
Kufr. This Hadith makes the severity of this crime abundantly clear.
ُلﻮﻘﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳر ﻊِﻤﺳ ُﻪﱠﻧأ ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﱟرذ ﻲﺑأ ْﻦﻋو
ًﻼُﺟَر ٌﻞُﺟر ﻲﻣﺮَﻳ ﻻ
َﻚﻟﺬآ ُﻪُﺒِﺣﺎﺻ ﻦُﻜَﻳ ْﻢﻟ ْنإ ، ِﻪﻴﻠﻋ تﺪﺗرا ﱠﻻإ ، ِﺮْﻔُﻜﻟا وأ ِﻖْﺴِﻔﻟﺎِﺑ
ﱡيرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, "
any Muslim accuses another Muslim of sin or of disbelief, the reproach rebounds upon the one who utters it, if the
other person is not deserving of it
What this Hadith stresses is that one should never say about a Muslim that he is sinful (Fasiq) or
disbeliever (
) when he is not so. The reason is that in that case, one who says it, will be held Fasiq or Kafir.
One should, therefore, strictly refrain from uttering such statements.
َلﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳر ﱠنأ ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َةﺮﻳَﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦﻋو
ﻰﻠَﻌَﻓ ﻻﺎَﻗ ﺎَﻣ ِنﺎﺑﺎﺴَﺘُﻤﻟا
ُمﻮُﻠﻈﻤﻟا يِﺪَﺘْﻌَﻳ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ﺎﻤُﻬْﻨِﻣ يِدﺎَﺒﻟا
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
When two
persons indulge in abusing each other, the beginner will be the sinner so long as the oppressed does not transgress
the limits
This Hadith tells us that if a Muslim abuses another and says unfair things about him and in return
the recipient also abuses him and says unfair things to the same extent, then the entire burden of sin of abusing
would lie with the person who initiated the quarrel. But if the one who is wronged, exceeds the limits in revenge,
then he will also be guilty to the degree of his excess. Thus, this Hadith shows that although revenge is permissible
in Islam, it is better to forgive and bear the excess with patience. The reason behind this is that in revenge, one
usually exceeds the limits and becomes an aggressor. Allah says: "
And verily, whosoever shows patience and
forgives, that would truly be from the things recommended by Allah
.'' (42:43).
َلﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨﻋو
َلﺎﻗ بِﺮَﺷ ْﺪَﻗ ٍﻞُﺟﺮِﺑ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲﺒﻨﻟا َﻲﺗُأ
ةَﺮْﻳَﺮُه ﻮﺑأ لﺎﻗ
: ﺎﱠﻨِﻤَﻓ
مﻮَﻘﻟا ﺾﻌﺑ لﺎﻗ ، َفﺮَﺼﻧا ﺎﱠﻤَﻠﻓ ، ِﻪﺑﻮﺜﺑ ُبِرﺎﱠﻀﻟاو ، ﻪِﻠْﻌﻨِﺑ ُبرﺎﱠﻀﻟاو ، ِﻩِﺪﻴِﺑ ُبرﺎﱠﻀﻟا
لﺎﻗ ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َكاﺰﺧأ
ُﻘﺗ ﻻ
َنﺎَﻄﻴﱠﺸﻟا ِﻪﻴﻠﻋ اﻮُﻨﻴِﻌُﺗ ﻻ ، اﺬه اﻮُﻟﻮ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: A drunkard was brought to the Prophet (PBUH). He
said, "
Give him a beating
.'' Then some beat him with their hands, some with their shoes, and some with (a folded)
piece of cloth. When he left, someone said to him: "May Allah disgrace you!'' The Prophet (PBUH) said, "
Do not
help Satan overcome him by uttering such words
We learn from this Hadith that imprecation against a sinner helps Satan because he is avowed to
disgrace and humiliate Muslims before Allah. When a Muslim curses another Muslim and imprecates for his