Page 670 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Muawiyah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, "
If you find
faults with Muslims, you will corrupt them
[Abu Dawud].
If a Muslim looks for the defects of another and hunts for his weaknesses, other Muslims will also
adopt the same attitude towards him, and this situation will create dissension and conflict in society. This also will
make them fall prey to sins and make them persistent in committing them. For this reason, spying and finding faults
with Muslims has been prohibited by Shari`ah.
ُﻪَﻟ َﻞﻴﻘَﻓ ٍﻞُﺟَﺮِﺑ َﻰِﺗُأ ُﻪﱠﻧأ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍدﻮﻌﺴﻣ ِﻦﺑا ِﻦﻋو
َلﺎﻘﻓ ، ًاﺮﻤَﺧ ُﻪُﺘَﻴْﺤِﻟ ُﺮُﻄْﻘَﺗ ٌنﻼُﻓ اَﺬه
ْﺪَﻗ ﺎﱠﻧإ
، ِﻪِﺑ ْﺬُﺧﺄَﻧ ، ٌءﻲَﺷ ﺎَﻨَﻟ ْﺮَﻬﻈﻳ نإ ْﻦِﻜﻟو ، ِﺲﱡﺴَﺠﱠﺘﻟا ِﻦﻋ ﺎَﻨﻴﻬُﻧ
َﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪَﺣ
ٌﺢﻴﺤﺻ ٌﻦَﺴ
ٍﻢﻠﺴﻣو يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ِطْﺮَﺷ ﻰﻠَﻋ ٍدﺎﻨْﺳﺈﺑ دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
It has been reported that a man was brought before Abdullah bin Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him)
because his beard was giving out smell of wine. Ibn Mas`ud said: "
We have been prohibited from spying (on
Muslims) and finding faults (with them). But we can take to task only and only if the sin is overt
[Abu Dawud].
1. In this Hadith we find a model conduct of the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) which was taught to them by
Islam. The Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) were certainly strict followers of the commands and prohibitions of
2. A Hadd or Ta`zir (
) is not enforced on mere suspicion. A solid evidence is essential for both of them.