Page 70 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"When one of you feels
drowsy during prayer, let him lie down till drowsiness goes away from him, because when one of you performs
prayers while feeling sleepy, he does not know whether he seeks forgiveness or abuses himself".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
لﺎﻗ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َةَﺮُﻤﺳ ﻦﺑ ﺮﺑﺎﺟ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻲِﺑَأ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﻨﻟا َﻊَﻣ ﻲﱢﻠَﺻُأ ُﺖْﻨُآ
ًاﺪْﺼَﻗ ﻪُﺘَﺒْﻄُﺧو ًاﺪﺼَﻗ ُﻪُﺗﻼﺻ ْﺖَﻧﺎَﻜَﻓ ، ِتاَﻮَﻠﱠﺼﻟا
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
ُﻪُﻟﻮﻗ :
ِﺮَﺼِﻘْﻟاَو ِلﻮﱡﻄﻟا َﻦْﻴَﺑ ْيَأ
Jabir bin Samurah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
I used to perform prayer with the Prophet
(PBUH) and his Salat was of a moderate length and his Khutbah too was moderate in length.
This Hadith tells us that Imam should neither lengthen the Salat nor give a long Khutbah in the
congregational Salat because both of these things are not according to the practice of the Prophet (PBUH).
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ِﻦْﺑ ِﺐهَو َﺔَﻔْﻴَﺤُﺟ ﻲِﺑَأ ﻦﻋو
َنﺎَﻤْﻠَﺳ ﻦْﻴَﺑ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﻰَﺧﺁ
َلﺎﻘﻓ ًﺔَﻟﱢﺬَﺒَﺘُﻣ ءاَدْرﱠﺪﻟا ﱠمُأ ىَأَﺮَﻓ ، ِءاَدْرﱠﺪﻟا ﺎَﺑَأ ُنﺎَﻤْﻠﺳ َراَﺰَﻓ ، ِءاَدْرﱠﺪﻟا ﻲِﺑَأو
ْﺖَﻟﺎﻗ ؟ِﻚُﻧْﺄَﺷ ﺎﻣ
ِءادرﱠﺪﻟا ﻮُﺑَأ َكﻮْﺧَأ
ﺎَﻴْﻧﱡﺪﻟا ﻲِﻓ ٌﺔﺟﺎَﺣ ﻪﻟ َﺲْﻴﻟ
ُﻪَﻟ َلﺎﻘﻓ ، ًﺎﻣﺎَﻌَﻃ ﻪَﻟ َﻊَﻨَﺼَﻓ ِءاَدْرﺪﻟا ﻮُﺑَأ َءﺎَﺠَﻓ
َلﺎﻗ ، ٌﻢِﺋﺎَﺻ ﻲﱢﻧِﺈَﻓ ْﻞُآ
ٍﻞآﺂﺑ ﺎﻧَأ ﺎﻣ
ﻪَﻟ لﺎﻘﻓ مﻮُﻘﻳ ِءادْرﱠﺪﻟا ﻮُﺑَأ َﺐَهَذ ُﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا َنﺎآ ﺎَﻤﱠﻠَﻓ ، َﻞَآَﺄَﻓ ، َﻞآْﺄﺗ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ
ﻪَﻟ َلﺎﻘﻓ مﻮُﻘَﻳ َﺐَهَذ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، مﺎَﻨَﻓ ْﻢَﻧ
ﺎﱠﻤَﻠَﻓ ، ْﻢَﻧ
ُنﺎﻤْﻠﺳ َلﺎﻗ ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا ِﺮﺧﺁ ﻦﻣ نﺎآ
ُنﺎَﻤْﻠَﺳ ﻪﻟ َلﺎﻘﻓ ، ًﺎﻌﻴِﻤَﺟ ﺎَﻴﱠﻠَﺼَﻓ ،َنﻵا ﻢُﻗ
َﻚِﺴْﻔَﻨﻟ ﱠنِإَو ، ﺎﻘَﺣ َﻚْﻴَﻠَﻋ َﻚﱢﺑَﺮﻟ ﱠنِإ
ِﻂْﻋَﺄَﻓ ، ﺎﻘَﺣ َﻚْﻴَﻠَﻋ ﻚِﻠهﻷو ، ﺎﻘﺣ َﻚْﻴَﻠَﻋ
َلﺎﻘﻓ ، ﻪَﻟ َﻚﻟذ ﺮآَﺬَﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﻰَﺗَﺄَﻓ ، ﻪﱠﻘَﺣ ﱟﻖَﺣ يِذ ﱠﻞُآ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا
ُنﺎَﻤْﻠﺳ َقَﺪَﺻ «
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Abu Juhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) made a bond of brotherhood
between Salman and Abud-Darda'. Salman paid a visit to Abud-Darda' and found Umm Darda' (his wife) dressed in
shabby clothes and asked her why she was in that state. She replied: "Your brother Abud-Darda' is not interested in
(the luxuries of) this world. In the meantime Abud-Darda' came in and prepared a meal for Salman. Salman
requested Abud-Darda' to eat (with him) but Abud-Darda' said: "I am fasting.'' Salman said: "I am not going to eat
unless you eat.'' So, Abud-Darda' ate (with Salman). When it was night and (a part of the night passed), Abud-Darda'
got up (to offer the night prayer) but Salman asked him to sleep and Abud-Darda' slept. After some time Abud-
Darda' again got up but Salman asked him to sleep. When it was the last hours of the night, Salman asked him to get
up and both of them offered (Tahajjud) prayer. Then Salman told Abud-Darda': "You owe a duty to your Rubb, you
owe a duty to your body; you owe a duty to your family; so you should give to every one his due. Abud-Darda' came
to the Prophet (PBUH) and reported the whole story. Prophet (PBUH) said,
"Salman is right".
This Hadith highlights the following points:
1. Although the performance of voluntary prayers (
) is highly meritorious, it should not be done at the cost
of obligations for, in this case, they loose their merits and are disliked by Allah.
2. The right time for Tahajjud (
optional prayers at night
) is the last third part of the night. The reason being that in
the first two portions of the night, one should take rest and perform his conjugal duties.
3. Voluntary fasting can be broken (
for valid reasons
) without any expiation.
4. It is permissible to establish fraternity on the basis of Deen, and when this is established, the families so affiliated
can associate with each other.
5. Muslims must provide right guidance to each other.
6. In case of need, it is permissible to speak to an unknown woman while observing the teachings of the Prophet
(PBUH) in this regard, such as lowering the gaze and be as brief as possible.
لﺎﻗ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر صﺎﻌﻟا ِﻦﺑ وﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﺑ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪﺒﻋ ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﻲِﺑَأ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا َﺮﺒْﺧُأ
لﻮُﻗَأ ﻲﱢﻧأ
ُﺖْﺸﻋ ﺎﻣ َﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا ﱠﻦﻣﻮُﻗَﻷو ، َرﺎَﻬﱠﻨﻟا ﱠﻦَﻣﻮﺻَﻷ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟاَو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳر َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ،
» َﺖْﻧَأ
؟ ﻚﻟذ لﻮُﻘَﺗ يِﺬﱠﻟا
ﻪﻟ ﺖْﻠُﻘَﻓ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ ﻲﱢﻣُأو َﺖْﻧَأ ﻲِﺑَﺄﺑ ﻪُﺘﻠُﻗ ْﺪَﻗ
. َلﺎَﻗ :
ْﻢُﺼَﻓ ، َﻚِﻟذ ُﻊﻴِﻄَﺘْﺴَﺗ ﻻ َﻚﻧِﺈَﻓ
ﱠﻳَأ َﺔَﺛﻼَﺛ ِﺮْﻬﱠﺸﻟا َﻦِﻣ ْﻢُﺻَو ، ْﻢُﻗَو ْﻢَﻧو ، ْﺮﻄْﻓَأو
ِﺮْهﱠﺪﻟا ٍمﺎﻴِﺻ ُﻞْﺜﻣ َﻚﻟذو ، ﺎَﻬﻟﺎَﺜْﻣَأ ِﺮْﺸَﻌﺑ َﺔَﻨﺴﺤْﻟا ﱠنِﺈَﻓ ٍمﺎ
ﺖْﻠُﻗ : ﻲﱢﻧِﺈَﻓ
َلﺎﻗ َﻚﻟذ ْﻦﻣ َﻞَﻀْﻓأ ﻖﻴﻃُأ
، ِﻦْﻴَﻣْﻮَﻳ ْﺮﻄْﻓَأَو ًﺎﻣْﻮَﻳ ْﻢﺼَﻓ
ﺖْﻠُﻗ :
َلﺎَﻗ ، َﻚﻟذ ْﻦِﻣ َﻞَﻀْﻓأ ﻖﻴُﻃُأ ﻲﱢﻧِﺈَﻓ
ًﺎﻣْﻮَﻳ ﻢُﺼَﻓ
َﻴِﺻ َﻚﻟﺬَﻓ ، ًﺎﻣْﻮﻳ ْﺮﻄْﻓَأَو
ِمﺎَﻴﱢﺼﻟا لَﺪْﻋَأ ﻮُهَو ،ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲا ﻰﻠﺻ دوواَد مﺎ
ﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓَو
ُﻞَﻀْﻓَأ َﻮه