Page 718 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

Basic HTML Version

Chapter 303
ﻰﺼﺤﻟﺎﺑ قراﻮﻄﻟاو ، ﻞﻣﺮﻟا بﺎﺤﺻأو فاّﺮﻌﻟاو ﻦﻴﻤﺠﻨﻤﻟاو نﺎﻬﻜﻟا نﺎﻴﺗإ ﻦﻋ ﻲﻬﻨﻟا بﺎﺑ
Prohibition of Consultation with Soothsayers
ْﺖَﻟﺎَﻗ ﺎَﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔَﺸِﺋﺎﻋ ْﻦﻋ
َﻓ ، ِنﺎﱠﻬُﻜْﻟا ِﻦﻋ ٌسﺎَﻧُأ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳر َلَﺄَﺳ
َلﺎَﻘ :
ٍءﻲَﺸِﺑ اﻮُﺴْﻴَﻟ
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳَر َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ؟ ًﺎّﻘﺣ ُنﻮُﻜﻴﻓ ٍءﻲْﺸﺑ ًﺎﻧﺎَﻴْﺣأ ﺎَﻨَﻧﻮُﺛﱢﺪَﺤُﻳ ْﻢُﻬﱠﻧإ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﺎَﻳ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
ﱡﻲﱢﻨِﺠﻟا ﺎَﻬُﻔَﻄْﺨﻳ ﱢﻖَﺤْﻟا َﻦِﻣ ُﺔﻤﻠَﻜْﻟا َﻚْﻠِﺗ
ِﻪﱢﻴِﻟو ِنُذأ ﻲﻓ ﺎَهﱡﺮُﻘَﻴَﻓ
ٍﺔَﺑْﺬِآ َﺔَﺋﺎِﻣ ﺎَﻬﻌﻣ َنﻮُﻄِﻠْﺨﻴَﻓ ،
ِﻪْﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖَﻔﱠﺘُﻣ
ُلﻮُﻘَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳَر ﺖَﻌِﻤَﺳ ﺎَﻬﱠﻧأ ﺎَﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔَﺸِﺋﺎﻋ ْﻦﻋ ﱢيِرﺎَﺨُﺒﻠﻟ ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
» ﱠنإ
ِنﺎﻨَﻌﻟا ﻲﻓ ُلِﺰْﻨَﺗ َﺔَﻜﺋﻼﻤﻟا
ُبﺎﺤﱠﺴﻟا ﻮهو
ﻷا ُﺮُآْﺬَﺘَﻓ
، ﻊْﻤﱠﺴﻟا ُنﺎَﻄْﻴﱠﺸﻟا ُقِﺮَﺘْﺴﻴﻓ ، ِءﺎَﻤﱠﺴﻟا ﻲﻓ َﻲِﻀُﻗ َﺮْﻣ
ْﻢِﻬِﺴُﻔﻧأ ِﺪْﻨِﻋ ْﻦِﻣ ٍﺔﺑْﺬَآ َﺔَﺋﺎﻣ ﺎَﻬَﻌﻣ َنﻮُﺑِﺬْﻜﻴﻓ ، ِنﺎﱠﻬُﻜْﻟا ﻰﻟإ ِﻪﻴِﺣﻮُﻴَﻓ ، ُﻪُﻌﻤْﺴَﻴَﻓ
ُﻪُﻟﻮﻗ :
» ﺎَهﱡﺮُﻘَﻴَﻓ
ِءاﺮﻟاو فﺎﻘﻟا ﻢﺿو ، ءﺎﻴﻟا ﺢﺘﻔﺑ ﻮه
: يأ
» َﻨﻌْﻟاو ُنﺎ «
ﻦﻴﻌﻟا ﺢﺘﻔﺑ
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: Some people asked the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) about
soothsayers. He (PBUH) said, "
They are of no account
.'' Upon this they said to him, "O Messenger of Allah! But
they sometimes make true predictions.'' Thereupon the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
That is a word pertaining
to truth which a jinn snatches (from the angels) and whispers into the ears of his friend (the soothsayers) who will
then mix more than a hundred lies with it
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The narration in Al-Bukhari is: "
The angels descend in the clouds and mention matters which has been decreed in
heaven; Satan steals a hearing (listens to it stealthily) and communicates it to the soothsayers who tell along with it a
hundred lies
Kahin (
), Munajjim
) and Arraf (
) have similar characteristics but with
a slight difference. All of them make predictions about the future. Kahin would overhear some jinn and disclose the
secret to people which would sometimes prove true, because the jinn's source of information was Satan who
sometimes stole away some information from the angels. But after the annunciation of the Prophet (PBUH) it was
made impossible for jinns and satans to overhear anything in the skies. Moreover, Kahin and others of his ilk would
make predictions on the basis of certain signs and circumstantial evidence which could go wrong or right. This is so
even to this day. Astrological prediction is also a form of foretelling but this is often wrong. Al-`Irafah, or what is
known to be as divination is also an indication of some future occurrence on the basis of certain causes and events.
All the three occult arts supplement each other and also take the help of similar other things. In other words, these
are all different forms of soothsaying. Geomancy also tries to tell about the invisible future. At-Tarq is the art of
taking omen by striking birds with gravel on their wings or by throwing barley, etc., before them. In the latter
formula, if a bird flies towards the right side, it would be a good omen; and if it goes towards the left it will be a bad
one. All such things are unlawful and have been strictly forbidden by Islam. If anything predicted by these means
comes by chance true, it does not furnish any justification for their validity.
ﱢﻲﺒﻨﻟا ِﻦَﻋ ﺎَﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿرو ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﻨﻟا ِجاوْزأ ِ
ﺾْﻌَﺑ ْﻦَﻋ ، ٍﺪﻴﺒُﻋ ﻲﺑأ ِﺖْﻨﺑ َﺔﱠﻴﻔﺻ ْﻦﻋو
لﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ
ًﺎﻓاﱠﺮَﻋ ﻰَﺗأ ْﻦَﻣ
ًﺎﻣْﻮﻳ َﻦﻴِﻌَﺑْرأ ٌةﻼﺻ ُﻪَﻟ ْﻞﺒْﻘُﺗ ْﻢَﻟ ، ُﻪَﻗﱠﺪﺼَﻓ ، ٍءْﻰَﺷ ْﻦﻋ ُﻪَﻟَﺄﺴَﻓ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ُﻩاور
Narrated Safiyyah, daughter of Abu `Ubaid, on the authority of some of the wives of the Prophet (PBUH) who
said, "
He who goes to one who claims to tell about matters of the Unseen and believes in him, his Salat (prayers)
will not be accepted for forty days
We learn from this Hadith that visiting soothsayers and astrologers for the purpose of knowing from
them what lies hidden in future is such a great offense that he who does it, loses all merits of his forty days Salat.
Some people try to detect the culprits involved in a theft case through the so-called fortunetellers or seek their advice
in matters relating to business, marriage etc. All such things are unlawful because Allah Alone knows the invisible