Page 721 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

Basic HTML Version

Chapter 304
ﻄﺘﻟا ﻦﻋ ﻲﻬﻨﻟا بﺎﺑ
Forbiddance of Believing in Ill Omens
َلﺎَﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍﺲَﻧأ ْﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر َلﺎَﻗ
َةَﺮَﻴِﻃ ﻻو ىَوْﺪَﻋ ﻻ
ُلﺄﻔﻟا ﻰﻨُﺒِﺠْﻌُﻳو
َلﺎَﻗ ؟ ُلﺄَﻔْﻟا ﺎَﻣو
ٌﺔَﺒﱢﻴﻃ ٌﺔﻤِﻠَآ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Not the transmission of
disease of one person to another and no evil omen, but I am pleased with good omens
.'' He was asked: "
What is
good omen?
'' He replied, "
A good word.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
1. The phrase "
Not the transmission of disease of one person to another
'' either negates the idea that disease can
travel from one person to another or it signifies that one should not attribute the illness of one person to the illness of
another. The right approach is that one should think that a person falls ill with the Will of Allah. This does not mean
that this Hadith denies the infectious character of certain diseases but it attempts to correct one's belief, namely that
if Allah wills something, it will certainly occur. Thus, this Hadith proves that even in infectious diseases it is not the
disease itself which is the real cause but the Preordainment and Will of Allah.
2. Similar is the case of bad omens. These have no significance at all. If any suspicion crosses one's mind by seeing
something, he should neither attach any importance to it nor act what the suspicion demands. Good omen is
permissible for the reason that it inclines one to associate good hopes with Allah, which is a highly commendable
tendency. Thus, it also induces one to always utter something nice and to listen to what is nice so that in both cases it
occasions good omens. One should always abstain from saying what is repulsive to the listeners and tends to be a
bad omen.
َلﺎَﻗ ﺎﻤُﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺮَﻤُﻋ ِﻦْﺑا ْﻦَﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر َلﺎَﻗ
، َةَﺮَﻴِﻃ ﻻَو ىوْﺪَﻋ ﻻ
ِسَﺮَﻔﻟاَو ِةأْﺮَﻤﻟاو ، ِراﱠﺪﻟا ﻲﻔَﻓ ، ٍءْﻰَﺷ ﻲﻓ ُمﺆﱡﺸﻟا نﺎَآ ْنإو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
There is no
infection and no evil omen; but if there is anything (that may be a source of trouble) then it could be a house, a
horse, and a woman
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith means that nothing is ominous by itself. It is, however, true that because of their certain
characteristics, certain things become ominous (
) for certain persons. For example, if one has a small
house or bad neighbours, he does not feel happy and peaceful in it. If one's wife is sterile or rude or abusive or
immoral, etc., such a woman is ominous for him, that is, she is a source of trouble and tension rather than that of
happiness for him. If one has a horse which is not used for Jihad, or is so ill-natured that it neither goes well
ordinarily or with whipping, nor does it behave when left to its own will, then it has an ominousness in the sense that
it does not serve the purpose of the master.
ُﺮﱠﻴَﻄﺘﻳ ﻻ َنﺎَآ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﱠنأ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿر َةﺪْﻳﺮُﺑ ْﻦَﻋو
ٍدﺎﻨﺳﺈﺑ دواد ﻮُﺑأ ُﻩاوَر
ٍﺢﻴﺤﺻ .
Buraidah (May Allah be pleased with him) said:
The Prophet never took ill omens.
[Abu Dawud].
In pursuance of the teachings and practices of the Prophet (PBUH), one should abstain from taking a
bad omen. If some suspicion arises in one's mind which is ominous then he must not do what it impels.
َلﺎَﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ِﺮِﻣﺎﻋ ِﻦْﺑ َةَوْﺮُﻋ ْﻦﻋَو
َلﺎَﻘﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮُﺳَر ﺪْﻨِﻋ ُةَﺮَﻴﱠﻄﻟا ِتﺮِآُذ
ْﻞُﻘﻴْﻠَﻓ ، ﻩَﺮْﻜَﻳ ﺎﻣ ْﻢُآُﺪَﺣأ ىأر اذﺈَﻓ ، ًﺎﻤِﻠْﺴُﻣ ﱡدُﺮَﺗ ﻻَو ، ُلﺄَﻔْﻟا ﺎَﻬُﻨَﺴْﺣأ
ُﻊَﻓْﺪَﻳ ﻻَو ، َﺖﻧأ ﱠﻻإ ِتﺎﻨَﺴَﺤﻟﺎﺑ ﻰﺗﺄَﻳ ﻻ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
َﺖْﻧأ ﱠﻻإ ِتﺎﺌﱢﻴﱠﺴﻟا
ﻚﺑ ﱠﻻإ َةﱠﻮُﻗ ﻻَو َلْﻮﺣ ﻻَو ،
ٍﺢﻴﺤَﺻ ٍدﺎﻨﺳﺈﺑ ُدواد ﻮﺑأ ُﻩاَوَر ٌﺢﻴﺤَﺻ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
ﻒﻴﻌﺿ ] (
ﺲﻟﺪﻣ ﻮهو ﺖﺑﺎﺛ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﺑ ﺐﻴﺒﺣ ﺔﻨﻌﻨﻋ ﻪﻴﻓو ، ﻪﺘﺒﺤﺻ ﻲﻓ ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﻮهو ﺮﻣﺎﻋ ﻦﺑ ةوﺮﻋ ﻪﻴﻓ