Page 723 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

Basic HTML Version

Chapter 305
رﻮﺼﻟا فﻼﺗﺈﺑ ﺮﻣﻷاو بﻮﺛ وأ ﺮﺠﺣوأ طﺎﺴﺑ ﻲﻓ ناﻮﻴﺤﻟا ﺮﻳﻮﺼﺗ ﻢﻳﺮﺤﺗ بﺎﺑ
Prohibition of Drawing Portraits
َلﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﱠنأ ﺎﻤُﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺮَﻤُﻋ ِﻦْﺑا ﻦَﻋ
ِﻩِﺬه َنﻮﻌَﻨْﺼَﻳ ﻦﻳِﺬﱠﻟا ﱠنإ
َﻳ َنﻮُﺑﱠﺬَﻌُﻳ َرﻮﱡﺼﻟا
ْﻢُﻬﻟ ُلﺎَﻘُﻳ ، ِﺔَﻣﺎَﻴِﻘْﻟا َمْﻮ
ْﻢُﺘْﻘَﻠَﺧ ﺎَﻣ اﻮُﻴْﺣأ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Those who draw
pictures will be punished on the Day of Resurrection; and it will be said to them: `Breathe soul into what you have
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
We learn from this Hadith that drawing pictures of humans, animals and all those things that have a
soul in them is a great sin and is liable to heavy punishment. However, one will not be taken to task for such pictures
which are made compulsory by the Government, i.e., identity cards, passports, domicile certificates etc., because one
cannot exercise his own will in such matters, but this exemption is subject to the condition that he does not exceed
the compulsory requirement.
ْﺖَﻟﺎَﻗ ﺎَﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔَﺸِﺋﺎَﻋ ْﻦَﻋو
ًةَﻮْﻬَﺳ ُتْﺮَﺘَﺳ ْﺪَﻗَو ٍﺮَﻔَﺳ ْﻦِﻣ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر َمِﺪَﻗ
ﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر ُﻩﺁَر ﺎﱠﻤَﻠَﻓ ، ُﻞﻴﺛﺎﻤﺗ ِﻪﻴﻓ ٍماَﺮِﻘِﺑ ﻲﻟ
َلﺎَﻗو ﻪُﻬْﺟو َنﱠﻮﻠَﺗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠ
ِسﺎﻨﻟا ﱡﺪﺷأ ُﺔَﺸِﺋﺎَﻋ ﺎﻳ
، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﻖْﻠَﺨﺑ نﻮُهﺎَﻀُﻳ َﻦﻳِﺬﱠﻟا ِﺔﻣﺎﻴِﻘْﻟا مْﻮَﻳ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﺪْﻨِﻋ ًﺎﺑاﺬَﻋ
ﻦْﻴَﺗَدﺎﺳِو ْوأ ًةدﺎﺳِو ُﻪْﻨِﻣ ﺎﻨﻠَﻌَﺠَﻓ ، ُﻩﺎَﻨْﻌَﻄَﻘَﻓ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
َﻮُه ، ِفﺎَﻘﻟا ِﺮْﺴﻜﺑ
َﻲِهَو ِﺔَﻠَﻤْﻬُﻤﻟا ﻦﻴﱢﺴﻟا ِﺢْﺘَﻔِﺑ
يﺪَﻳ َﻦْﻴَﺑ نﻮﻜﺗ ُﺔﱠﻔﱡﺼﻟا
َﻞﻴَﻗو ، ِﺖْﻴﺒْﻟا
ِﻂِﺋﺎَﺤﻟا ﻲﻓ ُﺬِﻓﺎﱠﻨﻟا ُقﺎﱠﻄﻟا َﻲِه
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) visited me after returning
from a journey, and I had a shelf with a thin cloth curtain hanging over it and on which there were portraits. When
he saw it, the colour of his face changed (because of anger) and he said, "
O `Aishah! the most grievous torment from
Allah on the Day of Resurrection will be for those who imitate (Allah) in the act of His creation
.'' `Aishah said: We
tore it into pieces and made a cushion or two cushions out of that.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith has already appeared earlier [Hadith No. 650]. We learn from it that the act of drawing
pictures of humans, animals and things that have a soul in them
) or photography and hanging of pictures (
of such
) for display or decoration in homes is a great sin. It is, however, permissible that sheets bearing such pictures
are cut into pieces for making such things which are not sacred and people go on trampling them, as was done by
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) that she made pillow covers of these pieces.
َلﺎَﻗ ﺎَﻤُﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍسﺎﱠﺒَﻋ ِﻦْﺑا ﻦَﻋَو
ُلﻮُﻘَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ُﺖْﻌِﻤَﺳ
» ﱡﻞُآ
ﻢﱠﻨَﻬﺟ ﻲﻓ ُﻪُﺑﱢﺬَﻌُﻴَﻓ ٌﺲْﻔَﻧ ﺎَهَرﱠﻮَﺻ ٍةَرﻮُﺻ ﱢﻞُﻜِﺑ ُﻪَﻟ ُﻞَﻌْﺠُﻳ ِرﺎﱠﻨﻟا ﻲﻓ ٍرﱢﻮَﺼُﻣ
ٍسﺎﱠﺒَﻋ ُﻦْﺑا َلﺎَﻗ
: ْنﺈَﻓ
ًﻼٍِﻋﺎَﻓ ﱠﺪُﺑ ﻻ َﺖْﻨُآ
ِﻪﻴِﻓ حوُر ﻻ ﺎﻣَو َﺮَﺠﱠﺸﻟا ِﻊَﻨْﺻﺎَﻓ ،
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, "
painter will go to Hell, and for every portrait he has made, there will be appointed one who will chastise him in the
.'' Ibn `Abbas said: If you have to do it, draw pictures of trees and other inanimate things.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
A painter will be punished for his paintings according to the number of his products. The greater the
number of paintings he has produced, the more would be the punishment. Thus, there is a great warning for those
who make films and photographs on marriages and functions because they make photographs of hundreds or
thousands of persons at a time. If, in spite of knowing that this act is unlawful in Shari`ah, they do it on account of
slackness on their part, they shall have to suffer heavy punishment for it in Hell. If they think that it is permissible in
Islam, while it is forbidden, they would be regarded infidels and abide in Hell. It is absolutely wrong to think that
this prohibition applies only to the painters or sculptors and that photographs taken by a camera is not a picture but a
mere reflection and, therefore, one is exempted from their prohibition. Whether a picture is made by hand or camera