Page 760 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 336
ﻪﻧذﺈﺑ ﱠﻻإ ﺮﺿﺎﺣ ﺎﻬﺟزو ًﺎﻋﻮﻄﺗ ةأﺮﻤﻟا ﻢﻳﺮﺤﺗ بﺎﺑ
Prohibition of Observing an Optional Saum (Fast) by a Woman without the
Permission of her Husband
َلﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳر ﱠنَأ ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿر َةﺮْﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑَأ ْﻦﻋ
َمﻮُﺼَﺗ ْنَأ ِةَأْﺮَﻤﻠﻟ ﱡﻞِﺤَﻳ ﻻ
ِإ ٌﺪِهﺎﺷ ﺎَﻬُﺟْوَزَو
ِﻪِﻧْذِﺈﺑ ﱠﻻِإ ِﻪِﺘْﻴَﺑ ﻲﻓ َنَذْﺄَﺗ ﻻو ِﻪِﻧْذِﺈﺑ ﱠﻻ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
It is not lawful
for a woman to observe an optional Saum (fast) without the permission of her husband when he is at home. Nor
should she allow anyone to enter his house without his permission.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Fasting here signifies voluntary fasting. Similar is the case of other voluntary prayers, i.e., voluntary
Salat, recitation, etc. It is not permissible to do such acts without the permission of the husband if he is present. It
should be borne in mind that a women is not permitted to let even her natural relations (
who are Mahram
) come in
her home in the absence of her husband. She can, however, allow such persons to come about whom her husband
has given express permission or in respect of whom he keeps silent.