Page 781 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 356
ﺎﻬﻴﻓ عﺮﺸﻟا نذأ ﻲﺘﻟا ﻪهﻮﺟو ﺮﻴﻏ ﻲﻓ لﺎﻤﻟا ﺔﻋﺎﺿإ ﻦﻋ ﻲﻬﻨﻟا بﺎﺑ
Prohibition of Squandering Wealth
َلﺎَﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َةﺮْﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋ
ُﺳَر لﺎَﻗ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮ
ﻲﺿﺮَﻳ ﻰﻟﺎَﻌَﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠنإ
ًﺎﺛﻼَﺛ ْﻢُﻜَﻟ ﻩَﺮْﻜَﻳَو ، ًﺎﺛﻼﺛ ْﻢُﻜَﻟ
ًﺎﻌﻴِﻤَﺟ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﻞْﺒَﺤِﺑ اﻮﻤِﺼَﺘْﻌَﺗ ْنأَو ، ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ ِﻪِﺑ اﻮُآﺮﺸُﺗ ﻻَو ، ﻩوﺪُﺒْﻌَﺗ ْنأ ْﻢُﻜَﻟ ﻲﺿﺮَﻴَﻓ
ْﻢُﻜَﻟ ُﻩﺮْﻜَﻳو ، اﻮُﻗﱠﺮَﻔَﺗ ﻻَو
ِلﺎَﻤﻟا َﺔَﻋﺎَﺿإو ، ِلاﺆﱡﺴﻟا َةَﺮْﺜَآَو ، َلﺎَﻗَو َﻞﻴِﻗ
ﻪﺣﺮﺷ مﱠﺪﻘﺗو ، ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Verily, Allah
likes three things for you and disapproves three things for you. He likes that you should worship Him Alone, not to
associate anything with Him (in worship) and to hold fast to the Rope of Allah and not to be divided among
yourselves; and He disapproves for you irrelevant talk, persistent questioning and the squandering of the wealth.
This Hadith has already been mentioned [Hadith No. 342]. Although the initial portion is missing
there and three things which have been disliked are mentioned in its text. Beside stressing Tauhid, holding fast to the
Rope of Allah and unity (which are greatly liked by Allah), this Hadith forbids unnecessary debate, hair-splitting
and extravagance as all the three are disliked by Allah.
Wealth has a great importance in man's life since it is the very source of sustenance and basis of his livelihood, its
wastage is akin to cutting the branch of the tree on which one is sitting.
َلﺎﻗ ﺔَﺒْﻌُﺷ ﻦﺑ ِةَﺮﻴِﻐُﻤﻟا ِﺐِﺗﺎَآ ٍداﱠرَو ْﻦَﻋَو
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔَﻳوﺎَﻌُﻣ ﻰﻟإ بﺎﺘآ ﻲﻓ َﺔﺒﻌُﺷ ُﻦﺑ ُةَﺮﻴِﻐُﻤﻟا ﱠﻲَﻠَﻋ ﻰَﻠْﻣأ
ٍﺔَﺑﻮُﺘْﻜَﻣ ٍةﻼَﺻ ﱢﻞُآ ِﺮُﺑد ﻲﻓ لﻮُﻘَﻳ َنﺎَآ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﱠنأ ،
ُﻪَﻟ َﻚﻳِﺮَﺷ َﻻ ُﻩَﺪﺣَو ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠﻻإ َﻪَﻟإ َﻻ
ُﻣ َﻻَو ، َﺖْﻴَﻄْﻋأ ﺎَﻤِﻟ َﻊِﻧﺎﻣ َﻻ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا ، ٌﺮﻳِﺪَﻗ ٍءﻲَﺷ ﱢﻞُآ ﻰَﻠَﻋ َﻮُهَو ﺪْﻤَﺤْﻟا ﻪﻟَو ُﻚْﻠُﻤﻟا ُﻪَﻟ ،
ُﻊَﻔْﻨﻳ َﻻَو ، َﺖْﻌَﻨَﻣ ﺎَﻤِﻟ َﻲِﻄْﻌ
ﱡﺪَﺠْﻟا َﻚْﻨِﻣ ﱢﺪَﺠﻟا اَذ
ُﻪﱠﻧأ ِﻪْﻴَﻟإ َﺐَﺘَآَو
ﻰَﻬْﻨَﻳ َنﺎَآَو ، ِلاَﺆﱡﺴﻟا ِةﺮْﺜَآَو ، ِلﺎَﻤﻟا ِﺔَﻋﺎَﺿإو ، َلﺎَﻗو ﻞﻴِﻗ ْﻦَﻋ ﻰَﻬْﻨَﻳ َنﺎَآ
ِتﺎَهو ٍﻊْﻨَﻣَو ، ِتﺎَﻨَﺒْﻟا ِدْأوو ، ِتﺎﱠﻬﻣﻷا ِقﻮُﻘُﻋ ْﻦَﻋ
ﻪﺣﺮﺷ ﻖﺒﺳو ، ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
Warrad, the scribe of Al-Mughirah bin Shu`bah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: Al-Mughirah bin
Shu`bah dictated a letter to me addressed to Mu`awiyah (May Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (PBUH)
used to supplicate at the end of each obligatory Salat (prescribed prayer): "
La ilaha illallahu, wahadahu la sharika
lahu, lahul-mulku, wa lahul-hamdu, wa Huwa `ala kulli shai'in Qadir. Allahumma la mani`a lima a`taita, wa la
mu`tiya lima mana`ta, wa la yanfa`u dhal-jaddi mink-al-jaddu. (There is no true god except Allah, the One, Who has
no partner. His is the sovereignty and His is the praise, and He is Able to do everything. O Allah! Nobody can
withhold what You give; and nobody can give what You withhold; and the high status of a person is of no avail
against Your Will)
.'' He also wrote to him that the Prophet (PBUH) used to forbid irrelevant talk, wasteful
expenditure, persistent questioning, disobedience of parents (especially mothers), infanticide of daughters by
burying them alive, depriving others of their rights and acquisition of property wrongfully.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The matters mentioned in this Hadith have been discussed in detail before. What this Hadith
specially brings out is that the custom or writing or dictating Ahadith existed even during the age of the
Companions. In this respect that was the first period of the compilation of Ahadith. Thus, it is wrong to say that
there did not exist any system of recording Hadith in the days of the Companions.