Page 791 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 364
ﺮﺸﻟاو ﻞآﻷا ﻲﻓ ﺔﻀﻔﻟا ءﺎﻧإو ﺐهﺬﻟا ءﺎﻧإ لﺎﻤﻌﺘﺳا ﻢﻳﺮﺤﺗ بﺎﺑ
ﻩﻮﺟو ﺮﺋﺎﺳو ةرﺎﻬﻄﻟاو ب
Prohibition of using Utensils made of Gold and Silver
َلﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﱠنأ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔَﻤَﻠَﺳ ﱢمأ ِﻦَﻋ
ِﺔَﻴِﻧﺁ ﻲﻓ ُبَﺮْﺸَﻳ يِﺬﱠﻟا
ِﻪِﻨْﻄَﺑ ﻲﻓ ُﺮِﺟْﺮَﺠُﻳ ﺎَﻤﱠﻧإ ِﺔﱠﻀِﻔْﻟا
َﻢﱠﻨَﻬَﺟ رﺎَﻧ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ٍﻢﻠْﺴُﻤﻟ ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ﺐَهﱠﺬﻟاَو ِﺔﱠﻀِﻔْﻟا ِﺔﻴﻧﺁ ﻲﻓ ُبﺮْﺸَﻳ ْوأ ُﻞُآﺄَﻳ يِﺬﱠﻟا ﱠنإ
Umm Salamah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
drinks in utensils of silver, in fact, kindles in his belly the fire of Hell
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The narration of Muslim is: "
Verily, the person who eats or drinks in utensils made of gold and silver
َلﺎﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔَﻔْﻳَﺬُﺣ ْﻦﻋو
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﱠنإ
، ِجﺎﺒﻳﱢﺪﻟاو ، ِﺮﻳِﺮَﺤﻟا ِﻦَﻋ ﺎَﻧﺎَﻬَﻧ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
لﺎﻗو ، ِﺔﱠﻀِﻔْﻟاَو ِﺐَهﱠﺬﻟا ِﺔَﻴِﻧﺁ ﻲﻓ بْﺮﱡﺸﻟاَو
ِةﺮِﺧﻵا ﻲﻓ ْﻢُﻜَﻟ َﻲِهَو ﺎَﻴْﻧﱡﺪﻟا ﻲﻓ ْﻢُﻬﻟ ﱠﻦُه
ِﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔَﻔْﻳَﺬُﺣ ْﻦَﻋ ِﻦْﻴَﺤﻴِﺤﱠﺼﻟا ﻲﻓ ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ُلﻮُﻘَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر
» ﻻ
ﺎَﻬِﻓﺎَﺤِﺻ ﻲﻓ اﻮُﻠُآْﺄَﺗ ﻻَو ِﺔﱠﻀِﻔْﻟاو ِﺐَهﱠﺬﻟا ِﺔَﻴﻧﺁ ﻲﻓ اﻮُﺑَﺮْﺸَﺗ ﻻو ، َجﺎَﺒﻳﱢﺪﻟا ﻻَو َﺮﻳِﺮَﺤﻟا اﻮُﺴِﺒْﻠَﺗ
Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) prohibited us from wearing silk or
Dibaj and from drinking out of gold and silver vessels and said, "
These are meant for them (non-Muslims) in this
world and for you in the Hereafter
In another narration Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
not wear silk and Dibaj, nor eat or drink from utensils made of gold and silver
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Dibaj is a kind of silk. Some say that thick silk is called Dibaj. Others say that it is the type of cloth
in which some of the lengthwise and breadthwise threads are of pure silk, while the rest of the cloth is made of
لﺎﻗ َﻦﻳﺮﻴِﺳ ﻦﺑ ﺲﻧأ ْﻦَﻋو
َءﻲِﺠَﻓ ، ِسﻮُﺠﻤﻟا َﻦِﻣ ٍﺮَﻔَﻧ ﺪْﻨِﻋ ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﻚﻟﺎﻣ ﻦﺑ ِﺲَﻧأ ﻊَﻣ ُﺖْﻨآ
َﻠَآَﺄﻓ ِﻪِﺑ َءﻲِﺟو ، ﺞْﻨَﻠَﺧ ْﻦِﻣ ٍءﺎَﻧإ ﻰﻠَﻋ ﻪَﻟﱠﻮﺤﻓ ُﻪﻟﱢﻮﺣ ُﻪَﻟ َﻞﻴِﻘَﻓ ، ُﻪْﻠُآﺄﻳ ْﻢَﻠَﻓ ، ٍﺔﱠﻀِﻓ ْﻦِﻣ ٍءﺎَﻧإ ﻰﻠَﻋ ٍجَد
ٍﻦﺴَﺣ ٍدﺎﻨْﺳﺈﺑ ﻲﻘﻬﻴﺒﻟا
Anas bin Sirin (May Allah be pleased with him) said:
I was with Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with
him) in the company of some Magians when Faludhaj (a sweet made of flour and honey) was brought in a silver
utensil, and Anas did not take it. The man was told to change the utensil. So he changed the utensil and when he
brought it to Anas, he took it
From the above narrations, it is clear that the use of utensils made of gold or silver is forbidden in
Islam for eating, drinking and for all other purposes. However, medical use of golden or silver wire is not forbidden,
e.g., the use of golden wire in securing teeth, or fixing a tooth partly made of gold.
Eating and drinking in utensils of precious metals (
in which platinum may also be included
) is forbidden as it is a
show of pride and exhibition of richness. All such actions are against the basic teachings of Islam. Precious metals
should not be used for decoration either.
1. However, women may use precious metals as ornaments, since according to some narrations there is exemption
for the fair sex in this matter. Still some scholars maintain that the chain of such narrations is weak, so they do not
allow their use in the ornaments of women as well. Sheikh Al-Albani has discussed this matter in detail in Adab Az-
Zafaf and he does not agree with the opinion of these other scholars.
2. Silken dress is also forbidden for men and, similarly all types of dresses resembling silk are forbidden for them,
which are a speciality of women. They are forbidden as creating likeness and resemblance to women. The reason
behind this is that the softness and delicacy found in silk is against manliness.