Page 794 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 366
ﻞﻴﻠﻟا ﻰﻟإ ٍمﻮﻳ ﺖﻤﺻ ﻦﻋ ﻲﻬﻨﻟا بﺎﺑ
Prohibition of observing silence from Dawn till Night
1800 َﻋ
َلﺎﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﱟﻲﻠﻋ ْﻦ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮُﺳَر ْﻦَﻋ ُﺖْﻈِﻔَﺣ
، ٍمﻼِﺘْﺣا َﺪْﻌَﺑ َﻢْﺘُﻳ ﻻ
ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا ﻰﻟإ ٍمْﻮَﻳ َتﺎَﻤُﺻ ﻻَو
ﻦﺴﺣ دﺎﻨﺳﺈﺑ دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
ِﺚﻳﺪﺤﻟا اﺬه ِﺮﻴﺴﻔﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺑﺎﱠﻄَﺨﻟا َلﺎﻗ
ِﻠِهﺎﺠﻟا ِﻚُﺴُﻧ ْﻦِﻣ َنﺎَآ
اوُﺮِﻣُأو ، َﻚﻟذ ْﻦَﻋ ِمﻼْﺳﻹا ﻲﻓ اﻮُﻬُﻨَﻓ ، ُتﺎَﻤّﺼﻟا ﺔﱠﻴ
ِﺮْﻴَﺨﻟﺎﺑ ِﺚﻳِﺪَﺤﻟاَو ِﺮْآﱢﺬﻟﺎِﺑ
`Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I have retained in my memory the saying of the Messenger of
Allah (PBUH) that: "
No one is considered an orphan after he has attained the age of maturity; and it is unlawful to
remain silent from dawn till night
[Abu Dawud with Hasan (good) Isnad].
َلﺎﻗ ٍمِزﺎﺣ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﺑ ﺲﻴﻗ ْﻦَﻋو
َﺲَﻤْﺣأ َﻦِﻣ ٍةَأَﺮْﻣا ﻰﻠﻋ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ُﻖﻳﱢﺪﱢﺼﻟا ٍﺮﻜﺑ ﻮُﺑأ َﻞَﺧَد
ﻢﱠﻠَﻜَﺘَﺗ ﻻ ﺎَهﺁَﺮَﻓ ، ُﺐَﻨْﻳَز
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ُﻢﱠﻠَﻜَﺘَﺗ ﻻ ﺎَﻬﻟﺎَﻣ
« اﻮُﻟﺎﻘﻓ ؟
ﺎَﻬﻟ َلﺎﻘﻓ ، ًﺔَﺘِﻤْﺼُﻣ ْﺖﱠﺠَﺣ
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ﱠنِﺈَﻓ ﻲِﻤﱠﻠَﻜَﺗ
ﺔﻴِﻠِهﺎَﺠﻟا ِﻞَﻤَﻋ ْﻦﻣ اﺬه ، ﱡﻞِﺤَﻳ ﻻ اﺬه
ﺖَﻤﱠﻠَﻜَﺘَﻓ ،
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Qais bin Abu Hazim ¨(May Allah be pleased with him)(c) said:
Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him)
came upon a woman named Zainab from the Ahmas tribe and noticed that she was observing total silence. He said:
"What has happened to her? Why does she not speak?'' People informed him that she had sworn to remain silent. He
then said to her: "You should speak, it is not permissible (to observe silence), for it is an act of the Days of
Ignorance (Jahiliyyah).'' (After hearing this) she started speaking
1. From the above narrations it becomes clear that one can not be called an orphan when maturity is attained. The
proof of maturity is night discharge and not any particular age. The age of maturity may differ in different countries
according to the climate and individual body development. So night discharge has been fixed as the condition and
criterion or sign of maturity. Night discharge means ejaculation of semen during sleep.
2. During the pre-Islamic period, keeping quiet was also considered as a sort of worship or devotion to God. Islam
does not allow such ascetic ceremonies and extravagance. So such actions are forbidden. Further it has been stressed
that instead of keeping quiet one should engage in good actions, such as enjoining good, forbidding evil,
entertaining a guest, remembering Allah and glorifying Him. However, it is better to keep quiet rather than telling
lies, indulging in indecent talk or backbiting.