Page 821 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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ُﻦِﻔْﺤَﺗ ْﺖَﻠﻌﺠَﻓ َﻞﻴِﻋﺎﻤْﺳإ ﱡمُأ ْﺖَﺸِهَﺪَﻓ ُءﺎﻤﻟا َﻖَﺜﺒْﻧﺎَﻓ ، ضْرﻷا ﻰﻠَﻋ ﻪﺒِﻘﻌِﺑ َﺰﻤﻏو ، اَﺬَﻜَه ِﻪﺒِﻘَﻌِﺑ
- َآذو
َﺚﻳِﺪَﺤﻟا َﺮ
ﺎﻬﻠآ ِتﺎﻳاوﺮﻟا ِﻩِﺬﻬﺑ يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
« :
ُةﺮﻴِﺒَﻜْﻟا ُةﺮﺠﱠﺸﻟا
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« ْيَأ
: ﻰﱠﻟو . »
« :
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« ﻩﺎﻨﻌﻣ :
ﺪَﺟو .
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« ْيَأ
Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Ibrahim (PBUH) brought his wife and her son Isma`il
(PBUH), while she was suckling him, to a place near the Ka`bah under a tree on the spot of Zamzam, at the highest
place in the mosque. In those days, there was no human being in Makkah, nor was there any water. So he made them
sit over there and placed near them a leather bag containing some dates, and a small water-skin containing some
water, and set out homeward. Isma`il's mother followed him saying: "O Ibrahim! Where are you going, leaving us in
this valley where there is no person whose company we may enjoy, nor is there anything (to enjoy)?'' She repeated
that to him many times, but he did not look back at her. Then she asked him: "Has Allah commanded you to do so?''
He said: "Yes.'' She said: "Then He will not neglect us.'' She returned while Ibrahim proceeded onwards. Having
reached the Thaniya, where they could not see him, he faced Ka`bah, raised his both hands and supplicated: "
O our
Rubb! I have made some of my offspring to dwell in an uncultivable valley by Your Sacred House (the Ka`bah at
Makkah) in order, O our Rubb, that they may perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat). So fill some hearts among men
with love towards them, and (O Allah) provide them with fruits so that they may give thanks.
'' (14:37).
Isma`il's mother went on suckling Isma`il and drinking from the water which she had. When the water in the water-
skin had all been used up, she became thirsty and her child also became thirsty. She started looking at Isma`il,
tossing in agony. She left him, for she could not endure looking at him, and found that the mountain of As-Safa was
the nearest mountain to her on that land. She stood on it and started looking at the valley keenly so that she might
see somebody, but she could not see anybody. Then she descended from As-Safa, and when she reached the valley,
she tucked up her robe and ran in the valley like a person in distress and trouble till she crossed the valley and
reached Al-Marwah mountain where she stood and started looking, expecting to see somebody, but she could not
see anybody. She repeated that (running between As-Safa and Al-Marwah) seven times.'' Ibn `Abbas further related:
The Prophet (PBUH) said, "
This is the source of the tradition of the Sa`y - i.e., the going of people between the two
mountains. When she reached Al-Marwah (for the last time), she heard a voice and she exclaimed: `Shshs!'
(Silencing herself) and listened attentively. She heard the voice again and said: `O (whoever you may be) You have
made me hear your voice; have you any succour for me?' And behold! She saw an angel at the place of Zamzam,
digging the earth with his heel (or with his wing), till water flowed out from that place. She started to make
something like of a basin around it, using her hands in this way and began to fill her water-skin with water with her
hands, and the water was flowing out until she had scooped some of it
.'' The Prophet (PBUH) further said, "
Allah bestow mercy on Isma'il's mother! Had she let the Zamzam flow without trying to control it (or had she not
scooped in that water) while filling her water-skin, Zamzam would have been a stream flowing on the surface of the
.'' The Prophet (PBUH) further added, "
Then she drank (water) and suckled her child. The angel said to her:
`Do not be afraid of being neglected, for this is the site on which the House of Allah will be built by this boy and his
father, and Allah will never let neglected His people.' The House of Allah (the Ka`bah) at that time was on a high
place resembling a hillock, and when torrents came, they flowed to its right and left. She continued living in that
way till some people from the tribe of Jurhum passed by her and her child. As they were coming from through the
way of Kada`, in the lower part of Makkah where they saw a bird that had a habit of flying around water and not
leaving it. They said: `This bird must be flying over water, though we know that there is no water in this valley.'
They sent one or two messengers who discovered the source of water, and returned to inform them of the water. So,
they all came towards the water
.'' The Prophet (PBUH) added, "
Isma`il's mother was sitting near the water. They
asked her: `Do you allow us to stay with you?' She replied: `Yes, but you will have no right to possess the water.'
They agreed to that
.'' The Prophet (PBUH) further said, "
Isma`il's mother was pleased with the whole situation as
she used to love the company of the people. So, they settled there, and later on they sent for their families who came
and settled with them. The child (i.e., Isma`il) grew up and learnt Arabic from them (his virtues) caused them to love
and admire him as he grew up, and when he reached the age of puberty, they gave him one of their daughters in
marriage. After Isma`il's mother had died, Ibrahim came after Isma`il's marriage in order to see his family that he
had left before, but he did not find Isma`il there. When he asked Isma`il's wife about him, she replied: `He has gone
in search of our livelihood.' Then he asked her about their way of living and their condition, and she replied
complaining to him: `We are living in hardship, misery and destitution.' He said: `When your husband returns,
convey my salutations to him and tell him to change the threshold of the door of his house.' When Isma`il came, he
seemed to have perceived something unusual. He asked his wife: `Did anyone visit you?' She replied: `Yes, an old
man of such and such description came and asked me about you and I informed him, and he asked about our state of
living, and, I told him that we were living in hardship and poverty.' Thereupon Isma`il said: `Did he advise you
anything?' She replied: `Yes, he told me to convey his salutations to you and to change the threshold of your door.'
Isma`il said: `That was my father, and he has ordered me to divorce you. Go back to your family.' So Isma`il
divorced her and married another woman from amongst them (Jurhum). Then Ibrahim stayed away from them for a