Page 825 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

Basic HTML Version

Shaddad bin Aus (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "
The best supplication for
seeking forgiveness (Syed-ul-Istighfar) is to say: `Allahumma Anta Rabbi, la ilaha illa Anta, khalaqtani wa ana
`abduka, wa ana `ala `ahdika wa wa`dika mastata`tu, a`udhu bika min sharri ma sana`tu, abu'u laka bini`matika
`alayya, wa abu'u bidhanbi faghfir li, fa innahu la yaghfirudh-dhunuba illa Anta. (O Allah! You are my Rubb. There
is no true god except You. You have created me, and I am Your slave, and I hold to Your Covenant as far as I can. I
seek refuge in You from the evil of what I have done. I acknowledge the favours that You have bestowed upon me,
and I confess my sins. Pardon me, for none but You has the power to pardon).' He who supplicates in these terms
during the day with firm belief in it and dies on the same day (before the evening), he will be one of the dwellers of
Jannah; and if anyone supplicates in these terms during the night with firm belief in it and dies before the morning,
he will be one of the dwellers of Jannah
ر َنﺎﺑْﻮﺛ ْﻦﻋو
لﺎَﻗ ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿ
،ِﻪِﺗﻼﺻ ْﻦِﻣ َفﺮﺼْﻧا اذِإ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َنﺎَآ
َلﺎَﻗو ًﺎﺛﻼَﺛ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺮَﻔْﻐَﺘﺳا
ِماﺮْآِﻹاو ِلﻼﺠﻟا اَذﺎﻳ َﺖْآرﺎﺒَﺗ ، ُمﻼﱠﺴﻟا َﻚْﻨِﻣو ، ُمﻼﱠﺴﻟا َﺖْﻧَأ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
ﱢﻲِﻋازوﻸِﻟ َﻞﻴﻗ
ُﺪﺣَأ َﻮُهو
ِﻪِﺗاَوُر - :
لﺎَﻗ ؟ ُرﺎَﻔْﻐِﺘْﺳﻻا َﻒْﻴَآ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﺮِﻔْﻐَﺘْﺳَأ ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﺮِﻔْﻐَﺘْﺳَأ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Thauban (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) finished his
Salat (prayer), he would beg forgiveness three times [by saying, `Astaghfirullah' (3 times)] and then he would say:
Allahumma Antas-Salamu, wa minkas-Salamu, tabarakta ya Dhal-Jalali wal-Ikram. (O Allah! You are the
Bestower of security and security comes from You; Blessed are You. O Possessor of glory and honour).'' Imam Al-
Auza`i (one of the subnarrators) of this Hadith was asked: "How forgiveness should be sought?'' He replied: "I say:
Astaghfirullah, Astaghfirullah (I seek forgiveness from Allah. I seek forgiveness from Allah)
This Du`a' was a Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH), and it is highly recommended to recite it after
ْﺖَﻟﺎَﻗ ﺎَﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿَر َﺔَﺸِﺋﺎَﻋ ْﻦَﻋو
ِﻪِﺗْﻮﻣ ﻞْﺒَﻗ َلﻮُﻘَﻳ ْنَأ ُﺮِﺜْﻜُﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر َنﺎَآ
ِﻪْﻴَﻟِإ ُبﻮُﺗَأو ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﺮِﻔْﻐَﺘْﺳَأ ، ِﻩِﺪْﻤﺤﺑو ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َنﺎﺤْﺒُﺳ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Prior to his demise, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used
to supplicate frequently:
Subhan Allahi wa bihamdihi; Astaghfirullaha wa atubu ilaihi (Allah is free from
imperfection, and I begin with praising Him. I beg forgiveness from Allah and I turn to Him in repentance
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
In general, asking of forgiveness all the time is necessary and commendable. But during the old age
and the last days of one's life it is particularly very essential. In this way, the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH) would
also be followed.
َلﺎﻗ ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿر ٍﺲﻧَأ ْﻦَﻋَو
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳر ُﺖْﻌِﻤﺳ
ُلﻮُﻘَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
ﻰﻟﺎَﻌَﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﺎﻗ
ُﺑﻮُﻧُذ ْﺖَﻐَﻠﺑ ْﻮَﻟ مدﺁ َﻦْﺑا ﺎﻳ ، ﻲِﻟﺎَﺑُأ ﻻَو َﻚْﻨﻣ َنﺎَآ ﺎﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ َﻚَﻟ ُتﺮﻔﻏ ﻲﻨَﺗْﻮﺟرو ﻲﻨَﺗْﻮَﻋَد ﺎﻣ َﻚﱠﻧِإ َمَدﺁ َﻦْﺑا ﺎﻳ
َنﺎَﻨَﻋ ﻚ
ﺁ َﻦْﺑا ﺎﻳ ، ﻲﻟﺎﺑُأ ﻻَو َﻚَﻟ ُتْﺮﻔَﻏ ﻲﻨَﺗْﺮَﻔْﻐَﺘْﺳا ﻢُﺛ ِءﺎﻤﱠﺴﻟا
ﻻ ﻲﻨَﺘﻴِﻘَﻟ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ﺎَﻳﺎﻄﺧ ِ
ضْرَﻷا ٍباﺮُﻘِﺑ ﻲﻨَﺘْﻴَﺗَأ ْﻮَﻟ َﻚﱠﻧِإ مد
ًةَﺮِﻔْﻐَﻣ ﺎﻬِﺑاﺮُﻘِﺑ َﻚُﺘْﻴَﺗَﻷ ، ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ ﻲﺑ ُكِﺮْﺸُﺗ
َلﺎَﻗو يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟا ﻩاور
ٌﻦَﺴَﺣ ٌﺚﻳِﺪَﺣ
ِءﺎَﻤﱠﺴﻟا نﺎﻨﻋ
ِﻦْﻴﻌﻟا ِﺢْﺘَﻔِﺑ
: ﻞﻴِﻗ :
ﻞﻴِﻗو ، ُبﺎَﺤﱠﺴﻟا ﻮُه
ﱠﻦﻋ ﺎَﻣ َﻮُه
ْيَأ ، ﺎﻬْﻨِﻣ َﻚَﻟ
و ، َﺮَﻬَﻇ
» ُباَﺮُﻗ
ﺎَﻬَﺌْﻠِﻣ ُبرﺎَﻘُﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻮُهو ، ُﺮَﻬْﺷَأ ﱡﻢﱠﻀﻟاو ، ﺎَهِﺮْﺴَﻜِﺑ َيوُرو ، ِفﺎﻘﻟا ﱢﻢَﻀِﺑ
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, "
Allah, the
Exalted, has said: `O son of Adam! I shall go on forgiving you so long as you pray to Me and aspire for My
forgiveness whatever may be your sins. O son of Adam! I do not care even if your sins should pile up to the sky and
should you beg pardon of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam! If you come to Me with an earthful of sins and
meet Me, not associating anything with Me in worship, I will certainly grant you as much pardon as will fill the
In this narration, there is good news for the sinners who do not stick to sins but rather repent and ask
forgiveness from Allah. However numerous their sins may be, Allah will forgive all their sins. But there is a
condition which they should fulfill, namely that they do not persist in what wrong they have done (3:135), as with
persistence and repeatedly committing the sin, the act of seeking forgiveness becomes a futile act.