Page 83 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

Basic HTML Version

Chapter 18
رﻮﻣﻷا تﺎﺛﺪﺤﻣو عﺪﺒﻟا ﻦﻋ ﻲﻬﻨﻟا ﻲﻓ بﺎ
Prohibition of heresies in religion
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"So after the truth, what else can there be, save error?''.
"We have neglected nothing in the Book".
"(And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger (PBUH)".
"And verily, this is My straight path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you
away from His path".
"Say (O Muhammad (PBUH) to mankind): 'If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e., accept Islamic
Monotheism, follow the Qur'an and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you your sins".
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ ﺖﻟﺎﻗ ، ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، َﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋ
اَﺬَه ﺎَﻧِﺮْﻣَأ ﻲﻓ َثﺪْﺣَأ ْﻦﻣ
ﱞدَر ﻮُﻬﻓ ُﻪْﻨِﻣ َﺲْﻴَﻟ ﺎَﻣ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ٍﻢﻠﺴﻤﻟ ﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ﱞدر ﻮُﻬَﻓ ﺎَﻧُﺮْﻣَأ ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ َﺲْﻴَﻟ ًﻼَﻤﻋ َﻞِﻤَﻋ ْﻦَﻣ
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"If anyone introduces in
our matter something which does not belong to it, will be rejected".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The narration in Muslim says:
"If anybody introduces a practice which is not authenticated by me, it is to be
This Hadith lays down a very important principle. Unfortunately, Muslims have not attached any
importance to this Hadith and the principle given in it with the result that innovations in the Deen have become so
common that they have been taken for true Deen; our people act upon them and are made to practice them. One
reason for this is their lack of education and ignorance about Deen. The second reason is their lack of understanding
of the principle prescribed in this Hadith although it is stated in very explicit terms.
The principle that we learn from this Hadith is that every such action or activity is innovation which is done as a
virtue and to gain the Pleasure of Allah but is not consonant with the teachings of the Qur'an and Sunnah, or which
does not agree with the interpretation of the Nuss (text) given by the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) or their
successors (
). The reason being that the period of the Companions and the Tabi`un is the Khair-ul-Qurun
the best of all generations
). Thus any action or activity that is deprived of the support of these generations falls in
the category of heresies.
لﺎﻗ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ٍﺮﺑﺎﺟ ﻦﻋو
، ُﻩﺎَﻨْﻴﻋ ْتﱠﺮﻤْﺣا ﺐَﻄَﺧ اَذِإ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر نﺎآ
ُلﻮُﻘَﻳ ٍﺶْﻴَﺟ ُرِﺬْﻨُﻣ ُﻪﱠﻧَﺄَآ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ، ُﻪﺒَﻀَﻏ ﱠﺪَﺘْﺷاَو ، ُﻪُﺗْﻮﺻ ﻼَﻋو
ْﻢُآﺎﱠﺴَﻣو ْﻢُﻜَﺤﱠﺒَﺻ
ُلﻮُﻘﻳَو :
ﺎَﻧَأ ُﺖْﺜِﻌُﺑ
ﻦْﻴﺗﺎَﻬَآ ُﺔﻋﺎ
ُلﻮُﻘَﻳَو ، ﻰَﻄْﺳُﻮْﻟاَو ، ِﺔَﺑﺎَﺒﺴﻟا ، ِﻪْﻴَﻌُﺒْﺻُأ ﻦﻴﺑ ُنﺮْﻘَﻳَو
ُبﺎَﺘِآ َﺚﻳﺪَﺤْﻟا َﺮﻴَﺧ ﱠنِﺈَﻓ ، ُﺪْﻌَﺑ ﺎﱠﻣَأ
َﺿ ٍﺔَﻋْﺪِﺑ ﱠﻞُآو ﺎَﻬُﺗﺎَﺛﺪْﺤُﻣ ِرﻮُﻣُﻷا ﱠﺮَﺷَو ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﺪﱢﻤﺤُﻣ ُيْﺪه ىْﺪَﻬْﻟا َﺮْﻴَﺧو ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا
ُلﻮُﻘﻳ ﱠﻢُﺛ
ِﻪِﺴْﻔَﻧ ْﻦِﻣ ﻦِﻣْﺆُﻣ ﱢﻞُﻜُﺑ ﻰَﻟْوَأ ﺎَﻧَأ
ﱠﻲَﻠَﻋو ﱠﻲﻟِﺈَﻓ ،ًﺎﻋﺎَﻴَﺿ ْوَأ ًﺎﻨْﻳَد َكَﺮَﺗ ْﻦَﻣَو ، ِﻪِﻠْهﻸَﻓ ﻻﺎَﻣ كَﺮَﺗ ْﻦَﻣ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
َﺤُﻤْﻟا ِبﺎﺑ ﻲﻓ ُﻖِﺑﺎﱠﺴﻟا ُﻪُﺜﻳِﺪَﺣ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، َﺔَﻳِرﺎَﺳ ﻦﺑ ضﺎَﺑْﺮِﻌْﻟا ِﻦﻋو
ِﺔﱠﻨﱡﺴﻟا ﻰَﻠَﻋ ِﺔﻈَﻓﺎ
Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) delivered a
Khutbah, his eyes would become red, his tone loud and he showed anger as if he were warning us against an army.
He (PBUH) would say,
"The enemy is about to attack you in the morning and the enemy is advancing against you in
the evening"
. He would further say,
"I am sent with the final Hour like these two fingers of mine.''
Messenger of
Allah (PBUH) held up his index finger and the middle finger together to illustrate. He used to add:
"To proceed, the
best speech is the Book of Allah and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (PBUH), the worst practice is
the introduction of new practices in Islam and every Bid`ah is a misguidance"
. He would also say,
"I am, in respect
of rights, nearer to every believer than his own self. He who leaves an estate, it belongs to his heirs, and he who
leaves a debt, it is my responsibility to pay it off.'
' [Muslim]. Same Hadith as reported by `Irbad bin Sariyah (May
Allah be pleased with him) has already been recorded in the previous chapter regarding safeguarding the Sunnah of