Page 86 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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1. Some people try to deduce a proof for good innovations from the words: "Mun sana' fi Al- islam sunah hasanah".
Whosoever introduces a good practice in Islam.
Thus they classify innovations Bid`ah into two categories, namely good innovations and bad innovations. But this is
wrong. No innovation can be good. It is always bad because it amounts to inventing Shar`iah which no one has the
right to do. Constitution of Shar`iah is the exclusive Right of Allah Alone. It is He who constitutes the Shar`iah and
it is on His behest that His Prophets convey it to the people. Not to speak of scholars and others.
2. What this Hadith makes abundantly clear is that anyone who tries to find new ways and means to preach and
practice Islamic Shar`iah, which are later on adopted by other people also, would not only get the reward of doing so
but he will also be rewarded for the endeavours of those who will after him continue them and perform good deeds.
But anything of which we do not find any trace in Shar`iah is bad. It cannot be good in any case, no matter what
means are adopted for this purpose.
3. Other benefits of this Hadith are self-evident and do not need further elaboration.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﱠنَأ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍدﻮﻌﺴﻣ ﻦﺑا ﻦﻋو
ﱠﻻِإ ًﺎﻤﻠُﻇ ُﻞَﺘْﻘُﺗ ٍﺲْﻔﻧ ْﻦِﻣ ﺲﻴﻟ
ُﻪﱠﻧَﻷ ﺎَﻬِﻣد ْﻦِﻣ ٌﻞْﻔِآ ِلﱠوﻷا َمدﺁ ِﻦﺑا ﻰَﻠَﻋ َنﺎَآ
َﻞْﺘَﻘْﻟا ﱠﻦَﺳ ْﻦَﻣ لﱠوَأ نﺎَآ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"The first son of Adam*
takes a share of the guilt of every one who murders another wrongfully because he was the initiator of committing
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
* The son of Adam in the Hadith is said to be Qabil. Allah tells us about his story in Surat Al-Ma'idah (The Table
spread with Food). Verses 27-31.
This Hadith gives us an idea how serious is the crime of initiating an evil which is followed by
others. One who initiates an evil would be sinful for all those who follow him in that crime till the Day of
Resurrection. The safest course, therefore, is that one should abstain from heresy and stick to obedience only.