Page 99 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 25
ﺔﻧﺎﻣﻷا ءادﺄﺑ ﺮﻣﻷا بﺎﺑ
Discharging the Trusts
Allah, the Exalted, says:
Verily! Allah commands that you should render back the trusts to those to whom they are due.''
"Truly, We did offer Al-Amanah (the trust or moral responsibility or honesty and all the duties which Allah
has ordained) to the heavens and the earth, and the mountains, but they declined to bear it and were afraid of
it (i.e., afraid of Allah's torment). But man bore it. Verily, he was unjust (to himself) and ignorant (of its
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر نأ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ةﺮﻳﺮه ﻲﺑَأ ﻦﻋ
ٌثﻼَﺛ ِﻖِﻓﺎَﻨُﻤﻟا ُﺔَﻳﺁ
: اَذِإ
َنﺎَﺧ َﻦِﻤُﺗْؤﺁ اَذِإو ، َﻒَﻠْﺧَأ َﺪَﻋَو اَذِإَو ، َبَﺬَآ َثﱠﺪَﺣ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ُﻣ ُﻪﱠﻧَأ َﻢَﻋزو ﻰﱠﻠَﺻَو َمﺎَﺻ ْنِإَو
Abu Hurairah (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"There are three
signs of a hypocrite: When he speaks, he lies; when he makes a promise, he breaks it; and when he is trusted, he
betrays his trust."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Another narration adds the words:
'Even if he observes fasts, performs Salat and asserts that he is a Muslim".
A hypocrite is the one who professes Islam before the Muslims but conceals hatred and animosity
against them. This double-dealing is worse than Kufr. This is the reason the Noble Qur'an has declared about them
that they will be in the lowest depths of the Hell. The hypocrites referred to here lived at the time of the Prophet
(PBUH) and he was informed about them through Wahy (
). It is very difficult to identify the class of
hypocrites in this age. It is almost impossible to know the hypocrisy of Faith. The practical hypocrisy is, however,
now very common among the Muslims. It can be identified on the strength of the traits which have been stated in the
Ahadith about them. These traits are very common among many of the present-day Muslims. Their conduct bears
the marks of hypocrisy. This practical hypocrisy is, however, not Kufr as is the case with the hypocrisy of Faith.
لﺎﻗ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ِنﺎﻤﻴْﻟا ِﻦﺑ ﺔَﻔْﻳﺬُﺣ ﻦﻋو
ْﺪَﻗ ﻦﻴْﺜﻳﺪَﺣ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ﺎﻨﺛﺪﺣ
َﺮَﺧﻵا ُﺮﻈﺘْﻧَأ ﺎَﻧَأَو ، ﺎَﻤُهﺪﺣَأ ُﺖْﻳَأَر
ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ِلﺎَﺟﱢﺮﻟا ِبﻮُﻠُﻗ ِرْﺬَﺟ ﻲﻓ ْﺖﻟﺰَﻧ ﺔَﻧﺎَﻣَﻷا ﱠنَأ ﺎﻨَﺛﱠﺪﺣ
َﻦِﻣ اﻮﻤﻠﻌَﻓ ُنﺁﺮُﻘْﻟا َلَﺰَﻧ
لﺎﻘَﻓ ِﺔَﻧﺎﻣَﻷا ِﻊْﻓَر ْﻦَﻋ ﺎﻨﺛﱠﺪَﺣ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ِﺔﱠﻨﱡﺴﻟا َﻦِﻣ اﻮُﻤِﻠﻋَو ، نﺁْﺮُﻘْﻟا
، ِﻪِﺒْﻠَﻗ ْﻦِﻣ ُﺔَﻧﺎَﻣَﻷا ُ
ﺾﺒﻘُﺘَﻓ َﺔﻣْﻮﱠﻨﻟا ﻞﺟﱠﺮﻟا ُمﺎـَﻨَﻳ
َﻷا ُ
ﺾﺒﻘُﺘَﻓ َﺔَﻣْﻮﱠﻨﻟا ُمﺎﻨﻳ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ِﺖْآَﻮْﻟا َﻞْﺜِﻣ ﺎَهُﺮَﺛَأ ﱡﻞﻈﻴَﻓ
ٍﺮْﻤَﺠآ ، ِﻞْﺠَﻤْﻟا ِﺮﺛأ ﻞْﺜِﻣ ﺎَهُﺮَﺛَأ ﱡﻞَﻈﻴَﻓ ، ِﻪِﺒْﻠَﻗ ْﻦِﻣ ُﺔَﻧﺎَﻣ
ٌءﻲَﺷ ِﻪﻴِﻓ َﺲْﻴَﻟَو ًاﺮﺒﺘْﻨُﻣ ﻩاﺮَﺘﻓ َﻂﻔﻨَﻓ ، َﻚﻠْﺟِر ﻰَﻠَﻋ ُﻪَﺘْﺟﺮْﺣَد
ُﺢﺒْﺼُﻴَﻓ ، ِﻪِﻠْﺟِر ﻰَﻠَﻋ ﺎَﻬَﺟﺮْﺣَﺪَﻓ ًةﺎَﺼَﺣ َﺬﺧَأ ﱠﻢُﺛ
ﱢدﺆُﻳ ٌﺪَﺣَأ ُدﺎﻜَﻳ ﻼَﻓ ، َنﻮﻌَﻳﺎﺒﺘَﻳ ُسﺎﱠﻨﻟا
َلﺎَﻘُﻳ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ َﺔَﻧﺎَﻣَﻷا ي
ِﻞﺟﺮﱠﻠِﻟ َلﺎَﻘُﻳ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ، ًﺎﻨﻴِﻣَأ ًﻼُﺟَر ٍنﻼَﻓ ﻲِﻨَﺑ ﻲﻓ ﱠنِإ
: ﺎَﻣ
ٍنﺎﻤﻳِإ ْﻦِﻣ ِلَدْﺮَﺧ ْﻦِﻣ ٍﺔﱠﺒَﺣ ُلﺎَﻘْﺜِﻣ ِﻪِﺒْﻠﻗ ﻲﻓ ﺎَﻣَو ، ُﻪَﻠﻘْﻋَأ ﺎَﻣ ، ُﻪﻓَﺮْﻇَأ ﺎَﻣ ُﻩﺪﻠْﺟَأ
ﻲِﻟﺎَﺑُأ ﺎَﻣَو ٌنﺎَﻣَز ﱠﻲَﻠَﻋ ﻰَﺗَأ ْﺪَﻘَﻟَو
َﻠَﻋ ُﻪﱠﻧدُﺮُﻴَﻟ ﺎﻳدﻮُﻬَﻳ ْوَأ ًﺎﻴﻧاﺮْﺼَﻧ َنﺎَآ ْﻦِﺌَﻟو ، ﻪُﻨﻳِد ﱠﻲﻠَﻋ ُﻪﱠﻧُدﺮﻴﻟ ًﺎﻤﻠْﺴُﻣ َنﺎَآ ْﻦِﺌَﻟ ، ُﺖْﻌﻳﺎﺑ ْﻢُﻜﱡﻳ
ﺎﱠﻣَأو ، ﻪﻴِﻋﺎَﺳ ﱠﻲ
ًﺎﻧﻼﻓَو ًﺎﻧﻼُﻓ ﱠﻻِإ ْﻢﻜْﻨِﻣ ُﻊُﻳﺎﺑُأ ُﺖْﻨُآ ﺎﻤَﻓ َمْﻮَﻴْﻟا
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Hudhaifah bin Al-Yaman (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) foretold to us
two Ahadith. I have seen one (being fulfilled), and I am waiting for the other. He (PBUH) told us,
"Amanah (the
trust) descended in the innermost (root) of the hearts of men (that is, it was in their heart innately, by Fitrah, or pure
human nature). Then the Qur'an was revealed and they learnt from the Quran and they learned from the Sunnah.''
Then the (Prophet (PBUH)) told us about the removal of Amanah. He said,
"The man would have some sleep, and
Amanah would be taken away from his heart leaving the impression of a faint mark. He would again sleep, and
Amanah would be taken away from his heart leaving an impression of a blister, as if you rolled down an ember on
your foot and it was vesicled. He would see a swelling having nothing in it.''
He (the Prophet (PBUH)) then took up
a pebble and rolled it over his foot and said,
"The people would enter into transactions with one another and hardly a
person would be left who would return (things) entrusted to him (and there would look like an honest person) till it
would be said: `In such and such tribe there is a trustworthy man.' And they would also say about a person: `How
prudent he is! How handsome he is and how intelligent he is!' whereas in his heart there would be no grain of Faith.''
Hudhaifah bin Al-Yaman (May Allah bepleased with him) added: I had a time when I did not care with whom
amongst you I did business, I entered into a transaction, for if he were a Muslim, his Faith would compel him to