Page 152 - Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum

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Delegations and Expeditions following Al-Muraisi‘ Ghazwah
1. A military expedit ion led by ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf was despatched to the habitation of
Bani Kalb in Doumat Al-Jandal in Sha‘ban 6 Hijri. Before setting out, the Prophet (Peace be
upon him) summoned ‘Abdur Rahman, and placed his hand on the latter’s hand invoking
Allâh’s blessings and giving him commandments to act magnanimously during the war. He
told him to marry the king’s daughter if they obeyed him. ‘Abdur Rahman stayed among
those people for three days, invited them to Islam and they responded positively. He then
did marry the king’s daughter Tamadur bint Al-Asbagh.
2. In the same month and year, ‘Ali bin Abi Talib was despatched at the head of a platoon to
the habitation of Bani Sa‘d bin Bakr in a place called Fadk. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be
upon him) had been reported that those had rallied ranks to support the Jews. The Muslim
fighters used to march in the day and lurk at night. On their way, they captured an enemy
scout who admitted being sent to Khaibar tribe, to offer them support in return for their
dates. ‘Ali and his companions raided their encampment, captured five hundred camels and
two thousand goats, but Banu Sa‘d, with their chieftain Wabr bin ‘Aleem had fled away.
3. An expedition led by Abu Bakr As-Siddiq or Zaid bin Haritha was despatched to Wadi Al-Qura
in Ramadan 6 Hijri after Fazara sept had made an attempt at the Prophet’s life. Following
the morning prayer, the detachment was given orders to raid the enemy. Some of them
were killed and others captured. Amongst the captives, were Umm Qirfa and her beautiful
daughter, who was sent to Makkah as a ransom for the release of some Muslim prisoners
there. Umm Qirfa’s attempts at the Prophet’s life recoiled on her, and the thirty horsemen
she had gathered and sustained to implement her evil scheme were all killed.
4. Anas bin Malik reported that some people belonging to tribe of ‘Uraina came to Allâh’s
Messenger (Peace be upon him) and made pretensions to Islam. They stayed in Madinah but
found its climate uncongenial, so they were asked to pitch their tents in the pastures
nearby. They did so and were all right. They then fell on the Prophet’s shepherd and killed
him, turned apostates from Islam and drove off the camels. This news reached the Prophet
(Peace be upon him), who sent a group of twenty Muslims led by Karz bin Jabir Al-Fihri on
their track. They were brought and handed over to him. He had their hands and feet cut off,
their eyes gouged out in recompense for their behaviour, and then they were thrown on the
stony ground until they died.
Biographers also reported ‘Amr bin Omaiya Ad-Damari and Salamah bin Abi Salamah to
have been sent on an errand to kill Abu Sufyan, the chief of Quraish, who had already sent a
bedouin to kill the Prophet (Peace be upon him). The two-men mission failed except for
three polytheists killed on the way. It is noteworthy that all the foregone invasions did not
imply real bitter fighting, they were rather skirmishes or punitive military manoeuvres
carried out to deter some enemies still unsubdued. Deep meditation on the development of
war circumstances reveal the continuous collapse of the morale among the enemies of
Islam, who had come to understand that they were no longer in a position to contain the
Islamic call or weaken its active drive. This state of affairs reached its climax in Al-
Hudaibiyah Treaty when the two belligerent parties, believers and disbelievers, entered into
a truce agreement that pointed markedly to the ever-growing power of Islam, and recorded
unequivocally the perpetuity of this heavenly religion in pan-Arabia.
Al-HUDAIBIYAH TREATY (Dhul Qa‘dah 6 A.H.):
When Arabia began to witness the large impressive sweep in favour of the Muslims, the forerunners
of the great conquest and success of the Islamic Call started gradually to loom on the demographic
horizon, and the true believers restored their undisputed right to observe worship in the sacred
It was about the sixth year Hijri when the Prophet (Peace be upon him) saw in a dream, while he
was still in Madinah, that he had entered the sacred sanctuary in Makkah in security with his
followers, and was performing the ceremonies of
(lesser pilgrimage). Their heads were being
shaved and hair cut off. As soon as he informed some of his Companions the contents of his dream,
their hearts leapt up with joy since they found in it the actualization of their deep longing to take
part in pilgrimage and its hallowed rites after an exile of six years.
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) had his clothes washed, mounted his camel and marched out
towards Makkah at the head of fifteen hundred Muslims including his wife Umm Salamah. Some
desert bedouins whose Faith was lukewarm hung back and made excuses. They carried no weapons
with them except sheathed swords because they had no intention of fighting. Ibn Umm Maktumwas
mandated to dispose the affairs of Madinah during the Prophet’s absence. As they approached
Makkah, and in a place called Dhi Hulaifa, he ordered that the sacrificial animals be garlanded, and
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