Page 189 - Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum

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The invasion and the conquest of Makkah was considered a decisive one between the truth and the
error. As a result of which, the Arabs had no more doubt in Muhammad’s mission. Thus we see that
things went contrary to the pagans’ expectations. People started to embrace Islam, the religion of
Allâh, in great numbers. This is manifested clearly in the chapter — The delegations, of this book. It
can also be deduced out of the enormous number of people who shared in the
(Farewell Pilgrimage). All domestic troubles came to an end. Muslims, eventually felt at ease and
started setting up the teachings of Allâh’s Laws and intensifying the Call to Islam.
The Byzantine power, which was considered the greatest military force on earth at that time,
showed an unjustifiable opposition towards Muslims. As we have already mentioned, their opposition
started at killing the ambassador of the Messenger of Allâh (peace be upon him), Al-Harith bin
‘Umair Al-Azdi, by Sharhabeel bin ‘Amr Al-Ghassani. The ambassador was then carryinga message
from the Prophet (peace be upon him) to the ruler of Busra. We have also stated that the Prophet
consequently dispatched a brigade under the command of Zaid bin Haritha, who had a fierce fight
against the Byzantines at Mu’tah. Although Muslim forces could not have revenge on those haughty
overproud tyrants, the confrontation itself had a great impression on the Arabs, all over Arabia.
Caesar — who could neither ignore the great benefit thMu’tah Battle had brought to Muslims, nor
could he disregard the Arab tribes’ expectations of independence, and their hopes of getting free
from his influence and reign, nor he could ignore their alliance to the Muslims — realizing all that,
Caesar was aware of the progressive danger threatening his borders, especially Ash-Sham-fronts
which were neighbouring Arab lands. So he concluded that demolition of the Muslims power had
grown an urgent necessity. This decision of his should, in his opinion, be achieved before the
Muslims become too powerful to conquer, and raise troubles and unrest in the adjacent Arab
To meet these exigencies, Caesar mustered a huge army of the Byzantines and pro-Roman
Ghassanide tribes to launch a decisive bloody battle against the Muslims.
General News about the Byzantines and Ghassanide Preparations for War.
No sooner news about the Byzantine’s preparations for a decisive invasion against Muslims reached
Madinah than fear spread among them. They started to envisage the Byzantine invasion in the least
sound they could hear. This could be clearly worked out of what had happened to ‘Umar bin Al-
Khattab one day.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) had taken an oath to stay off his wives for a month in the ninth
year of Al-Hijra. Therefore, he deserted them and kept off in a private place. At the beginning, the
Companions of the Messenger of Allâh were puzzled and could not work out the reason for such
behaviour. They thought the Prophet (peace be upon him) had divorced them and that was why he
was grieved, disturbed and upset. In ‘Umar’s version of the very story he says: “I used to have a
Helper friend who often informed me about what happened if I weren’t present, and in return I
always informed him of what had taken place during his absence. They both lived in the high part of
Madinah. Both of them used to call at the Prophet alternatively during that time of suspense. Then
one day I heard my friend, knock at the door saying: “Open up! Open up!” I asked wondering,
“What’s the matter? Has the Ghassanide come?” “No it is more serious than that. The Messenger of
Allâh (peace be upon him) has deserted his wives.”
In another version, ‘Umar said, “We talked about Ghassanide preparations to invade us. When it
was his turn to convey the news to me, he went down and returned in the evening. He knocked at
the door violently and said ‘Is he sleeping?’ I was terrified but I went out to meet him. ‘Something
serious had taken place.’ He said. ‘Has the Ghassaindes arrived?’ Said I. ‘No,’ he said, ‘it is greater
and more serious. The Messenger of Allâh (peace be upon him) has divorced his wives.’”
This state of too much alertness manifests clearly the seriousness of the situation that Muslims
began to experience. The seriousness of the situation was confirmed to a large degree by the
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