Page 196 - Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum

Basic HTML Version

1. After the Messenger’s return from Tabuk, the sworn allegation of infidelity between ‘Uwaimir
Al-‘Ajlani and his wife took place.
2. Pelting with stones the Ghamidiyah woman who confessed committing adultery. She was
pelted with stones only after weaning her child off her breast milk.
3. Negus Ashama; the king of Abyssinia (Ethiopia), died so the Prophet (Peace be upon him)
performed prayer in absentia for him.
4. The death of Umm Kulthum, the daughter of the Prophet (Peace be upon him), the Prophet
felt extremely sad at her death. “Had I got a third daughter, I would let you marry her.” He
said to ‘Uthman.
5. The death of ‘Abdullah bin Abi Salool, the head of hypocrites, after the Prophet’s return from
Tabuk. The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) asked Allâh’s forgiveness for him. He
also prayed for him in spite of ‘Umar’s disapproval and his attempt to prevent him from
doing that. Later on a Qur’ânic verse was revealed attesting to ‘Umar’s right viewpoint.
ABU BAKR (May Allah be pleased with him) PERFORMS THE PILGRIMAGE:
In the month Dhul-Qa‘dah or in Dhul-Hijjah of the very year (the ninth of Al-Hijra), the Messenger
of Allâh (Peace be upon him) dispatched Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him), the truthful, as
a deputy prince of
(pilgrimage), so that he would lead the Muslims in performing of the
pilgrimage rituals.
Soon after the departure of the Muslims, there came a Revelation from Allâh: the opening passages
of the Chapter 9 entitled ‘Repentance’ (
Surah Tauba
) in which ‘freedom from obligation’ is
proclaimed from Allâh in regard to those idolatrous tribes who had shown no respect for the treaties
which they had entered into with the Prophet (Peace be upon him). Communication of this news
went in line with the Arabian traditions of making public any change relating to declining
conventions of blood and fortunes.
‘Ali bin Abi Talib was deputed to make this declaration. He overtook Abu Bakr at Al-‘Arj or Dajnan.
Abu Bakr inquired whether the Prophet (Peace be upon him) had put him in command or he had just
been commissioned to make the announcement. “I have been deputed to make the proclamation
only” replied ‘Ali. The two Companions then proceeded with the pilgrimage process. Towards the
close of the rituals, on the day of the ritual sacrifice, ‘Ali stood at
(a spot at which stones
are pelted) and read aloud to the multitudes that thronged around him and declared quittance from
covenants with idolaters a nd giving them four months’ respite to reconsider their position. As for the
other idolaters with whom the believers had a treaty and had abated nothing of the Muslims’ rights
nor had supported anyone against them, then the terms of the treaty would run va lid until the
duration of which expired.
Abu Bakr then sent some Muslims to declare publicly that no disbeliever would after that year
perform pilgrimage, nor would anyone be allowed to make the
(going round) of the Sacred
House unclothed.
That proclamation in fact vetoed all aspects of paganism out of Arabia and stated quite
unequivocally that those pre-Islam practices were no longer in operation.
Meditation on the Prophet’s Ghazawat, missions, and the battalions he formed and dispatched, will
certainly give us and everybody a true and clear impression that the Prophet (Peace be upon him)
was the greatest military leader in the whole world as well as the most righteous, the most insightful
and the most alert one. He was not a man of superior genius for this concern but he was also the
Master and the greatest of all Messengers as far as Prophethood and Heavenly Message are
concerned. Besides, all the battles that he had fought were standard in their application to the
requirements of strictness, bravery, and good arrangements that fitted the terms and conditions of
war. None of the battles he fought was lost as a consequence of shortage of wisdom or due to any
other technical error in army mobilization or a location in a wrong strategical position. The loss of
any of his battle was not due to misjudgement about occupying the best and the most appropriate
sites of battles, nor was it due to a mischoice of leaders of the fight, for he had proved himself to be
a peculiar sort of leader that differs from any of those leaders that our world had known and
experienced. As regards Uhud and Hunain events, there were consequences of weakness in some
military elements in Hunain; and disobedience to orders in Uhud. Their non-compliance with wisdom
and the plan of the battle played a passive role in the course of those two invasions.
Click on View to read this book online under free books