Page 199 - Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum

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The invasion and the conquest of Makkah was— as we have already stated— a decisive battle that
destroyed paganism utterly. The Arabs as a result of that battle were able to differentiate the truth
from the error. Delusion no longer existed in their life. So they raced to embrace Islam. ‘Amr bin
Salamah said: “We were at a water (spring) where the passage of people was. So when camel riders
passed by us we used to ask them: ‘What is the matter with people? What is this man (i.e. the
Prophet) like?’ They would say, ‘He claims that Allâh has revealed so and so.’ I used to memorize
those words as if they had been recited within my chest. The Arabs used to ascribe their
Islamization to the conquest. They would say: ‘Leave him alone to face his people. If he were a
truthful Prophet he would overcome them.’ So when the conquest took place, peoples hastened to
declare their Islam. My father was the quickest of all my people to embrace Islam. Arriving at his
people he said: ‘By Allâh I have just verily been to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) . And he said:
‘Perform so a prayer at such a time, and so and so prayers at such and such time. When the prayer
time is due let one of you call for the prayer and appoint the most learned of the Qur’ân among you
to be an
(leader) of yours.” This Prophetic tradition manifests the great effect of the conquest
of Makkah on the phase of events. It certainly shows the influence of the conquest of Makkah upon
the consolidation of Islam as well as on the Arabs’ stand and their surrender to Islam. That influence
was absolutely confirmed and deeply rooted after the invasion of Tabuk. A clear and an obvious
evidence of that influence could be deduced from the great number of delegations arriving in
Madinah successively in the ninth and tenth years of Al-Hijra. The immense crowds of people who
raced to embrace the religion of Allâh and the great army which included ten thousand fighters in
the invasion of the conquest of Makkah had grown big enough to include thirty thousand fighters
sharing in Tabuk invasion. It was only in less than a year after the conquest of Makkah that this
growth in Islamic army had taken place. A hundred thousand or a hundred and forty four thousand
Muslim pilgrims shared in
(i.e. Farewell Pilgrimage); it was such an enormous
number of Muslims surging — as an ocean of men — round the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon
him) , that the horizon echoed their voices and the expanses of land shook whereby while saying
(i.e. Lord, here we are worshipping), glorifying and magnifying Allâh, and thanking Him.
The number of delegations listed in
Ahl Al-Maghazi
were over seventy. Investigating such a large
number is not an accessible thing; besides stating them in detail is not of a great benefit. Therefore,
I am going to reveal an expose about what is historically wonderful or highly significant. Anyway a
reader should always keep in mind that whilst the majority of tribes arrived in Madinah after the
conquest, there were also pre-conquest delegations.
1. The delegation of ‘Abdul Qais: This tribe had two arrivals. The first was in the fifth year of
Al-Hijra or before that date. Munqidh bin Haiyan, a member of that tribe, used to trade in
Madinah. So, as soon as he heard of Islam when he had arrived in it for trading— that was
after the migration — he embraced Islam and carried a pledge from the Prophet (Peace be
upon him) to his people who eventually became Muslims too. Thirteen or fourteen of them
came to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) in one of the
Months. It was then that they
asked the Prophet’s advice about the Faith and drinks. Their chief was Al-Ashaj Al-Usri, to
whom the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) said: “You have two qualities that Allâh
likes: They are deliberatenessandclemency.”
2. Their second arrival was in the Year of Delegations. They were forty men. Al-Jarud bin Al-
‘Alâ’ Al-‘Abdi, who was Christian but turned to be a good Muslim, was one of that group.
3. Daws Delegation: The arrival of this tribe was in the early times of the seventh year and
that was when the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) was in Khaibar. At-Tufail bin
‘Amr Ad-Dawsi, that we have already talked about and explained how he became a Muslim
at the time the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) was in Makkah. He went back home
to his people where he kept calling people to Islam but they tarried till he despaired of them
and returned to the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) and asked him to invoke Allâh
against Daws but the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) invoked Allâh to guide Daws.
Later on, Daws embraced Islam. So At-Tufail arrived in Madinah accompanied by seventy or
eighty families of his people in the early times of the seventh year of Al-Hijra, at the time
that the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) was at Khaibar, so he overtook him there.
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