Page 211 - Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum

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“He whoever plunges into misfortune will certainly aggrieve himself. So let no one of you
inflict an evil upon his parents. Verily Satan has utterly despaired being worshipped in this
country of yours; but he will be obeyed at your committing trivial things you disdain. Satan
will be contented with such things.”
The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon h im) spent
Days (11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul-
Hijjah) in Mina performing the ritual teachings of Islam, remembering Allâh (praying), following the
ways of guidance of Ibrahim, wiping out all traces and features or polytheism. On some days of
he delivered some speeches as well. In a version to Abu Da’ûd with good reference to
Sira,’ the daughter of Nabhan; she said: “The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) made us a
speech at the
(Heads) Day in which he said: “Is it not this the middle day of
His speech that day was similar to that of
Day’s. It was made after the revelation of
On the second day of
(i.e. Departure) — on the thirteenth of Dhul-Hijjah, the Prophet
(Peace be upon h im) proceeded with
to Mina and stayed at a high place of a mountain side
at Bani Kinanah from Al-Abtah. He spent the rest of that day and night there— where he performed
the noon, the afternoon, the sunset and the evening prayers.
Then he slept for a short while and mounted leaving for the Ka‘bah. He performed the Farewell
Circumambulation (
Tawaf Al-Wada‘)
, after ordering his Companions to do the same thing.
Upon the accomplishment of his religious rituals he quickened his move to the purified Madinah. He
went there not to seek rest but to resume the strife and struggle in the way of Allâh.
The pride of the Byzantine State made it deny Muslims their right to live. The Byzantine arrogance
made them even kill those agents of theirs, who embraced Islam. Killing Farwah bin ‘Amr Al-
Judhami, who was their agent on Mu’an, was an evidence of their arrogance. Due to that arrogance
and presumptuousness of the Byzantines, the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) started to
mobilize a great army in Safar in the eleventh year of Al-Hijra and made it under the command of
Osamah bin Zaid bin Haritha with orders to have the horses of Muslims tread on the lands bordering
Al-Balqa’ and Ad-Darum of Palestine. His aim was to terrorize Byzantines and to implant confidence
into the hearts of Arabs who were settled at the borders of the Byzantines. His other purpose was to
deliver a message to everybody there, so that no one may dare say that the Church brutality can’t
go with impunity; and that Islamization is not synonymous with fear and vulnerability.
The leadership of Osamah was subject to criticism. Because he was still too young, people tarried at
joining his expedition. The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) addressed people saying:
“No wonder now you contest his leadership, for you have already contested the ex-
leadership ofhis father. Yes, by Allâh, his father, who was one of the most beloved people to
me, was quite efficient for leadership; and this son of his is one of the most beloved
individuals to me after his father.”
So people started tending towards Osamah and joined his army. The number of volunteers in his
army was so enormous that they formed such a long queue that they had to descend the
escarpment — which was a parasang off Madinah. The anxiety-provoking news about the Messenger
of Allâh’s sickness, however, made the expedition tarry again in order to know what Allâh had willed
as regards His Messenger (Peace be upon him).
It was Allâh’s Will that Osamah’s expedition w ould be the first one dispatched during the caliphate of
the veracious Abu Bakr.
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