Page 23 - Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum

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With respect to the lineage of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), there are three versions:
The first was authenticated by biographers and genealogists and states that Muhammad’s genealogy
has been traced to ‘Adnan. The second is subject to controversies and doubt, and traces his lineage
beyond ‘Adnan back to Abraham. The third version, with some parts definitely incorrect, traces his
lineage beyond Abraham back to Adam (Peace be upon him)
After this rapid review, now ample details are believed to be necessary.
The first part: Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib (who was called Shaiba) bin Hashim,
(named ‘Amr) bin ‘Abd Munaf (called Al-Mugheera) bin Qusai (also called Zaid) bin Kilab bin Murra
bin Ka‘b bin Lo’i bin Ghalib bin Fahr (who was called Quraish and whose tribe was called after him)
bin Malik bin An-Nadr (so called Qais) bin Kinana bin Khuzaiman bin Mudrikah (who was called
‘Amir) bin Elias bin Mudar bin Nizar bin Ma‘ad bin ‘Adnan.
The second part: ‘Adnan bin Add bin Humaisi‘ bin Salaman bin Aws bin Buz bin Qamwal bin Obai bin
‘Awwam bin Nashid bin Haza bin Bildas bin Yadlaf bin Tabikh bin Jahim bin Nahish bin Makhi bin Aid
bin ‘Abqar bin ‘Ubaid bin Ad-Da‘a bin Hamdan bin Sanbir bin Yathrabi bin Yahzin bin Yalhan bin
Ar‘awi bin Aid bin Deshan bin Aisar bin Afnad bin Aiham bin Muksar bin Nahith bin Zarih bin Sami
bin Mazzi bin ‘Awda bin Aram bin Qaidar bin Ishmael son of Abraham (Peace be upon them).
The third part: beyond Abraham (Peace be upon him) , Ibn Tarih (Azar) bin Nahur bin Saru‘ bin Ra‘u
bin Falikh bin Abir bin Shalikh bin Arfakhshad bin Sam bin Noah (Peace be upon him) , bin Lamik bin
Mutwashlack bin Akhnukh [who was said to be Prophet Idris (Enoch) (Peace be upon him) bin
Yarid bin Mahla’il bin Qabin Anusha bin Shith bin Adam (Peace be upon him)
The family of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is called the Hashimite family after his
grandfather Hashim bin ‘Abd Munaf. Let us now speak a little about Hashim and his descendants:
1. Hashim: As we have previously mentioned, he was the one responsible for giving food and
water to the pilgrims. This had been his charge when the sons of ‘Abd Munaf and those of
‘Abd Ad-Dar compromised on dividing the charges between them. Hashim was wealthy and
honest. He was the first to offer the pilgrims sopped bread in broth. His first name was ‘Amr
but he was called Hashim because he had been in the practice of crumbling bread (for the
pilgrims). He was also the first man who started Quraish’s two journeys of summer and
winter. It was reported that he went to Syria as a merchant. In Madinah, he married Salma
— the daughter of ‘Amr from Bani ‘Adi bin An-Najjar. He spent some time with her in
Madinah then he left for Syria again while she was pregnant. He died in Ghazza in Palestine
in 497 A.D. Later, his wife gave birth to ‘Abdul-Muttalib and named him Shaiba for the white
hair in his head , and brought him up in her father’s house in Madinah. None of his family in
Makkah learned of his birth. Hashim had four sons; Asad, Abu Saifi, Nadla and ‘Abdul-
Muttalib, and five daughters Ash-Shifa, Khalida, Da‘ifa, Ruqyah and Jannah.
2. ‘Abdul-Muttalib: We have already known that after the death of Hashim, the charge of
pilgrims’ food and water went to his brother Al-Muttalib bin ‘Abd Munaf (who was honest,
generous and trustworthy). When ‘Abdul-Muttalib reached the age of boyhood, his uncle Al-
Muttalib heard of him and went to Madinah to fetch him. When he saw him, tears filled his
eyes and rolled down his cheeks, he embraced him and took him on his camel. The boy,
however abstained from going with him to Makkah until he took his mother’s consent. Al-
Muttalib asked her to send the boy with him to Makkah, but she refused. He managed to
convince her saying: “Your son is going to Makkah to restore his father’s authority, and to
live in the vicinity of the Sacred House.” There in Makkah, people wondered at seeing Abdul-
Muttalib, and they considered him the slave of Muttalib. Al-Muttalib said: “He is my nephew,
the son of my brother Hashim.” The boy was brought up in Al-Muttalib’s house, but later on
Al-Muttalib died in Bardman in Yemen so ‘Abdul-Muttalib took over and managed to maintain
his people’s prestige and outdo his grandfathers in his honourable behaviour which gained
him Makkah’s deep love and high esteem.
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