Page 174 - Taleemul Haq New Edition

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When giving Zakat to a needy person, the Niyyat should be that, "I am giving this as
Zakat." If the Niyyat is not made the Zakat will not be valid.
It is not necessary to reveal to the needy person to whom Zakat is given, that the cash or
kind which is being given to him is Zakat.
When one has put aside an amount for Zakat with the intention that he will give it to the
needy, and at the time of giving Zakat he forgets to make the Niyyat, the Zakat will still
be valid.
If one gives a deserving person some money as a gift but makes the Niyyat of Zakat, the
Zakat will be valid.
Zakat is Fardh at the rate of 2.5%.
Zakat should be given as soon as possible after it becomes due. It is possible that death
may occur and thus lead to failure in fulfilling one's obligations.
A poor man cannot be paid for his work from Zakat, nor can Zakat be given in payment of
anyone's services, except when an Islamic government pays salaries to persons appointed
by the government to collect Zakat.
Zakat will only be valid if the recipient is made the owner of that amount.
Zakat cannot be given or used for the construction of a masjid, madrasah, hospital, a
well, a bridge or any other public amenity.
Poor students can be given a bursary from Zakat. If the student is of an understanding
age, the Zakat must be given to him personally; and if he is not of an understanding age,
then his Shar'i Wakeel (parents or legal guardian) must be given possession of the
Zakat can be paid in kind from the same merchandise on which it is duet or alternatively,
it could be paid in cash. It is of VITAL importance to ensure at all times that the recipient
is made the OWNER of the ZAKAAT.
Authority can be delegated to another person or an organization for the distribution of
Zakat in order that it is utilized in accordance with the laws of Zakat.
If a person requests someone to give a certain amount on his behalf as Zakat, and that
sum is given out, then that Zakat will be valid. The sum given will be a right upon the one
who made this request.
10.If an agent is given Zakat for distribution, and he does not distribute it then the Zakat will
not be regarded as fulfilled, and the sin of not discharging the obligatory duty of Zakat will
remain a hut-den Ant whom it was Farz.
11.It is Afdhal (best) to give one's Zakat when it is due, rather than wait for Ramadan
The recipients of ZAKAAT according to the Qur’an are as follows.
"Zakat (contributions of cash money, merchandise, animals etc.) are for the poor and
the needy; and those who collect them; for those whose hearts are to be reconciled; and
to free the captives and the debtors; and for the cause of Allah Ta’aala; and for the
wayfarer; A duty ordained by Allah Ta’aala. Allah is All Knowing, Wise." (Surah Taubah: