Page 181 - Taleemul Haq New Edition

Basic HTML Version

There is a tradition related form Hazrat Abu Hurairah (R.A.) that Rasulullah (S.A.W.)
said that the person who has the means of performing Qurbani but does not do so
should not even come NEAR our EIDGAH, (place of Eid Namaaz (Prayer)).
Qurbani is Wajib on all Muslims (male and female) who are sane, Baaligh (have reached
the age of puberty) and are the possessors of minimum Zakatable wealth (Nisah) i.e.
about R 230, 00. It is not necessary that the ownership of such wealth be for a full year.
Qurbani is Wajib on a man for himself only, not for his wife and children. However, it is his
duty to see that his wife's and grown-up (Baaligh) children's Qurbani are made if they are
possessors of Nisaab. If he makes their Qurbani out of his wealth with their permission,
their Qurbani will be valid.
Qurbani is not Wajib on poor people (who do not possess wealth equal to Nisaab) nor on
travelers (Musaafirs) nor on minors. If a minor reaches the age of puberty or a Musaafir
(traveler) becomes a Muqeem (resident), i.e. by completing his journey or in-tending to
stay in one place for 15 days or more, before the sunset of the 12th Zil Hijjah, then
Qurbani is Wajib on them.
Qurbani on behalf of a deceased person is Wajib if he had made a Wasiyyat that it should
be undertaken from his wealth, provided the cost does not exceed one third of his net
Qurbani is Wajib on a person who makes a Nazr (Vow), i.e. if a certain work of mine is
carried out I will make Qurbani, then Qurbani becomes Wajib on him when that task is
accomplished. This Qurbani must be carried out in the days of Qurbani, unless it is
generally excepted and understood that merely slaughtering an animal on ANY DAY is
referred to as Qurbani, and this had been the intention of the person who made a vow,
then it will be permissible for him to sacrifice an animal on any day.
If a poor person buys an animal during the days of Qurbani, with the intention of Qurbani
then it becomes Wajib upon him to sacrifice this animal. However, if this animal dies or
gets lost, Qurbani will not remain Wajib on him. It will not be necessary for him to buy
another animal. If he buys another animal and thereafter the first one is found, it
becomes Wajib upon him to sacrifice both animals.
A person, on whom Qurbani is Wajib, purchased an animal for sacrifice. Thereafter this
animal was lost, stolen or died. In such a case it will be Wajib to sacrifice another animal
in its place. If, after purchasing the second animal the first one is found, the sacrificing of
only one animal is Wajib upon him. If he sacrifices the second animal then it is preferable
to give as charity the difference in price between the two animals, if there be any,
difference e.g. the 1st animal had cost him R 100, and the second had cost him R80. He
should now give R20 as charity. However, it is preferable to make Qurbani of both the
A person, on whom Qurbani is Wajib, bought an animal for sacrifice. Due to some reason
he did not slaughter it on the fixed days of Qurbani. It is now compulsory upon him to
give the animal away, alive, as charity. If he did not purchase the animal and Qurbani was
Wajib on him, it is obligatory for him to give as charity, the value of an animal.
If a person, on whom Qurbani was Wajib, failed to carry it out for a number of years,
should give the value of that number of animals as charity. Slaughtering of that amount of
animals during the days of Qurbani will not compensate for the missed Qurbani, but will
instead be regarded as voluntary Qurbani.