The first Caliph


Mohammad Redha

Former Iibrarian of Fouad the 1st Library

Interpreted by

Mohammad Agha


Beirut -Lebanon

~I ,1:aJ.wo.,.... ~I,J ~Jtl ~I ~ e-+

~.J ,JI jI.,..I'; ~~ JUtJ -~'.H! ~I

~~I ,)& ~) ·1~,Jf '}l..lS: 7'U1II ~ iJl&!,Jf

~U1"lo-1 .,Ja <-4-0.>! ,J1..;i~1 ..,la ~~"!,JI ~

:~ ~uJl öül$. t! ~.,...

Copyright ©
All rights reserved

Exclusive rights by DAR .!-KOTOS ... ILMIYAH Beinat -Leba_. No part ofthis publication may be translated, reproduced,

distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a data base or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

~1 . f,L,J1 j1:b

bü.....J -......::J~~

.=.)1Sl. ~~ .~~I l)l..:. .~)JI J.o) : \)~I ..( ~11 I) 1·l1H -n1m -ntT'A : ~li.J .JJäI:;

~~ -'='.J~ \I -,tu :~~ JJ.1.i..o


Beirut -Lebanon Address :Rame! al-Zarif, Bohtory 51., Melbrt bldg., 151 F1oore. Tel. &Fax: 00 (9611) 60.21.33·36.61.35 -36.43.98 P.O.Box : 11 ·9424 Beirut· Lebanon

ISBN 2-7451-2191-X

http://www.al-i1miyah.com.lb/ e-mail: sales@al-i1miyah.com info@al-i1miyah.com

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious Most Merciful
Introduction of interpreter

P"4Ue de u /ltt41e, t" tok"" dd""9 4tt ,tM, ~d ""'9Iet, 1 1e4~ ~~~~: tie~~tie~~~tie~ ""tIe"d,,~ ('4Uftle: /I~ ~4'" /lt Seddef, IM eJ.tUH ""4' /lUaIe'4 9fJ"d ~ u /J'UUIed,

7M4 u ~ 4 jJ ~ 4 ~M ~~ ~ tüHe.

7leu "4 4 du~ed ep~ U 4tMf ~~ ~ tlee ""eHlM9 "1 ~~&~, M~tie~~~~~~u~ ~ 1414Ht ~ tU eaJdf~, ~~~~, ~ ~~, ~tie44U~~tie~~~~ tie ~~ /Itl4Ie, u ~~ /lftId'4 ~~ ~ fze4u de 9"4"ted. 1t U 4 9fJfJd ~ ~~ 4ft.d taa.aiee4 4 ,,~ "1 tlee ~~ ~~tie P~,~, ~ tie HIfJ4t 4eWue4~~~~~~~~~~

/Ittai" tie 04 ~ ~, 4ft.d is tie ~ Hfe44a,e ~ 1414Ht,

7M4 U tie ~~ 4 ~~ u de ~~~, 71ee 4WJ#Ut etJ.itt de (Jft. tie ~: ()HIM 1d4 a.t-'K1ea.ttaI.: tie diIut etJ.itt de ~ ()~ 1'" /I~ 4ft.d tie ~ «JiIt de (Jft. /Ilt 1'" /Idt 7atJ..

71eue 4eUe6 ~~~ Me ~~ ruet u ~ tIee flute ~~ 1414Ht. 7~ ~ u ~~~, tie ~ liIItM~. ~ tie ~~'4~, 4ft.d tie ~ ~~ ~: 4d

44: ~, tie ~~ /Ittai" /It-~444ft. 4ft.d /It-~U44eüe.

71e6u Me ftufde tok ~ tie P'tfJ/tIeet ~ /lUd, u ~~ /Iftd'4 ~~ 4ft.d fte4'e de~. 7~ ddieued is 1414Ht ~ tie ~~ ~ tU ~ 4ft.d ~ 4 4fAIeat 4ft.d &od. u ~ tie ft.4HIe ~ /lttd, ~e Iee eudted, ~~(Jft. tM4 #e. 7~ ~ 4ft.d

~ au atMd ~t4e ~~ aMt~. ;41«1, ;4~ g'~ ;4e-Sedderf ~t4e 6d 05 tka tMd ~~ eu f#itIt laitIt aMt ~6M 1~ aMt ~.

~u f4e U1M a f1ute e~ t<J. de ~. ;41«1, M4 ~~ a tute 't04d t<J. ~ tue it 9fddd 4 t4e ~ 05 'tit)M aMt ~ üe ;4e~. g'e ~e eudted. ad üe ~u~. t<J. ~ Ht<Uf ~'tt g'fe44Ü«)4 ad peau de ~.

7M dattt'e4 tka ;4~ g'~~~ t4e ~aMt «4e~~ t4e ~ ad t4e fHß4t~. 7~~. ~~ t4e 1fIaw 05 ;4~'f. ßr.dtt a ~~ aMt IWH ~datiu 6Mtk~051~. ~ada~~~. 1~~ ~a~e died d.e~o.'te it ~ad d.eeo.me .«a d.a.4))... g'ett tM ~i,t<J.'tiett d.'t~t do«t 4 ;4d.tt g'~-eed dattt'e4. a<t M U1M t4e ~ 05 t4e ~ o.~ ;4eea~ 9a~ 1tteam aee mo.meH-tum to. 90. ~U1l-tM", to. t~e ",ei91ek.U1l-üe9


7M fdedge 05 ~1tU ~ t<J. ~ 4 ~~ at4o. fao.uided ~ f#itIt alt ~ ad ~ t<J. ~ t4e ~~ 05 1ttiaHt.

1 ~ ;4ttai.. g'e ~e exatted. tka tM4 ~ eudt de ~ aMt it4 ~t<J. de 4«6~ aMt tue t4e twet 05 it4 ~~ ""'Me 6M ~ tk euMU (J(,IQl..

;4",d ma'f ,4eea~ .d.e<tttutJ (J.It eu ~evttM", ttetu.etttt tfJ üett4duee fJtM't wo.W. 05 1damu ~ <to. " t<J. Mtft-t4e ~ /UtJIde4 ma4e ae,~«dd tMüt. ~~aMt t4e ~05 t4e eaJd'f


The Interpreter Mohammad Agha


In the Name of Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful


Thanks be to Allah for His abundant favours and for His Graces which are innumerousand uncountable.

And 'I beg His pardon from the grave guilts and the small ones as weIl. And I beseech His guidance andblessings. And I say May Allah's Blessings and peace be granted to Mohammed the Messenger of Allah.

I actually had a great desire to write the glorious biography of the Messenger of Allah; To whom May Allah's Bessings and Peace be Granted in order to disseminate it in the Islamic world. So, I spent days and nights in fullreading and gerting through the biographies and I collected them and explained the mysterious sides and verified the rightness of narrations and . confirmed the datesand events and replied to objections and silly questions by bright evidence and categorical proofs. The book was satisfactory to me as for bringing about the right information into the Islamic World. When it was done, people received it with acceptance and approval and they read it with eagerness and enthusiasm.

Thanks be to Allah, the book has so far obtained the satisfaction of both the public and the elite. And I have received the messages of praise and encouragement from great Elmas and men of letters. I feIt myself pushed forward by a force to continue researches and writing in spite of the pre-occupations of daily life.

Many friends asked me to follow the biography of Allah's Messenger by the biographies of the Orthodox Caliphs in the same way. I had the pleasure to hear that and I couldn't but respond to them positively. I kindly requested Allah to guide me to the best. I saw to write the biography of