T IE: 1\11l]S M


with an introduction to

The Mosque in Islam


Ahmed Deedat

"In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Metcitul.' All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds . The Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. Sovereign of the Day of Recompense. It is You we worship and You we ask for help. Guide us to the straight path -the path of those You have blessed, not those who have earned Your anger, nor those who have gone astray."

I Ar-Ralpn an ar-raneern are two attributive names of Allah derived from the word "r31pnall" (mercy). In Arabic gr ammar both are intensive forms of "mercifu)" (i.e., extremely merciful). A double me aning is intended by using both together. RatJman is used only to describe Allah (sublJanalJU wa La'iHa), while raheern might be used to describe a person as well. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was described in the Qur'an as ra1.Jeem. Ra/.lmiin is a bove the human level (i.e., intensely merciful). Since one usually understands intensity to be something of short duration, Allah describes Himself also as ra/.Jcem (i.e., continually merciful). RaiJman also carries a wider meaning -merciful to all creation. Justice is a part of this mercy. Reh cetn has a meaning of specificity -especially and specifically mercifultothebelievers. Forgive nessisapartofthis mercy.