The Islamic Bulletin
The Islamic Bulletin
Q: 1. During how many years was the
Qur’an completely revealed?
Q: 2. How old was Umar Ibn Khattab
(R.A.A.), the second Caliph, when he em-
Q: 3. When was wine prohibited?
Q: 4. Which was the first mosque built by
the Prophet (SAW)?
Q: 5. In which month did the Battle of Badr
A: The Holy Qur’an was revealed over a period of 23
A: The 2nd Caliph, Umar Ibn Khattab (R.A.A.) was 23
when he embraced Islam.
A: Wine consumption was prohibited in the year Hijri
A: The first mosque built by the Holy Prophet (SAW)
A: The Battle of Badr took place in the month of Ra-
The Difference between the Miracle of
the Qur’an and other Miracles
The miracle of the Qur’an sent to the Prophet Muhammad
(S.A.W.) differs from those of other Messengers and Prophets
in many respects. In the Qur’an there are many miraculous
aspects which demand a considerable degree of contempla-
tion before their secrets are unlocked. When this happens it
becomes apparent that within the Qur’an there are layers of
meaning which throw new light on the superficial significance
of its verses. This miraculous feature may be in one single letter
which alone may denote immeasurable meanings.
For each successive generation, the Qur’an offers new and
relevant meanings, proportionate to the development of knowl-
edge and the growth of that generation’s intellectual aptitude.
In other words, they are applicable to the constantly changing
perceptions of the human race, expanding in meaning as man’s
exploration of the universe and his search for knowledge about
his life and existence increases. From this we see that the Qur’an
was not intended solely for one people or nation, but came
for the benefit and guidance of all, as a complete and com-
prehensive religion, providing knowledge for all generations.
To clarity this feature of the Qur’an, it is essential that we dis-
tinguish the precepts of worship, on the one hand, and on the
other the laws that govern this universe and its phenomena.
By precepts of worship we mean the discipline which Allah
decreed and defined for the human race to follow and observe.
Specific commands such as ‘do this and not that’, ‘this is lawful
and that is not’, are not liable to alteration or misinterpretation.
They should be practiced and followed exactly as they have
been elucidated by the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) at the
advent of Islam and the revelations of the Qur’an. These laws
are commands to be observed on which man’s deliverance or
damnation depends. There can be no speculation.
When the Qur’an was first revealed to Muhammad (PBUH),
the human race lacked the basic knowledge necessary for
understanding and perceiving the complex facts it contained.
Because of this paucity of knowledge, many phenomena such
as the sphericality of the earth and its movements in the solar
system, or the notion of relativity embryology, were simply
touched in the Qur’an, leaving their profound exploration and
identification to the inquisitive minds of future generations.
The miracle of the Qur’an is that it yields its knowledge to
each mind within its capacity and degree of intellect. It gives
to the mind that which satisfies it. Thus we find the illiterate
quite content to listen to the Qur’an being read or recited. The
literate obtain a great deal of contentment and satisfaction from
reading it or listening to its meaningful elucidation.
The highly-educated person finds its miraculous features
challenging and stimulating to their mind and thought. This is
because within the Qur’an the basis for all knowledge a man
may attain by Allah’s will, at any period of time, can be found.
When such knowledge is attained and the relevant verses for
enlightenment cited, one is overwhelmed by their consistency
For example, we know that during a single solar rotation every
place on earth has its particular sunrise and sunset, in an ev-
er-changing pattern, as the earth moves along its orbital path
around the sun. In other words, the sun never rises or sets at
the same angle as that of the previous rising or setting, even
though the direction remains unchanged.
During the holy month of Ramadan, the times of prayer for Muslims
continually vary according to the earth’s revolution around the sun. It is
this movement that causes variation in time and in the angle of sunrise
and sunset which led to the conclusions about the earth’s sphericity
and its movement. If it were flat as was once believed there would
have been only one unchanging position for the sun’s setting and
rising, with no seasons. The term “Lord of east and west” must not
be thought contradictory to the two descriptions mentioned. Even
scientific progress which has unfolded many of the secrets of the
universe and its phenomena, does not find discrepancy between
their meanings about confirms their veracity.
When we contemplate the relativity of time and the divine organiza-
tion of the universe we are able to grasp the fundamental purpose and
wisdom underlying the immaculate harmony and uniformity which
ensure that around the world prayer is continuously taking place.
It is evident that themeanings of the abovementionedwere planned by
Allah, The Source of all knowledge, to expand with human knowledge
and scientific exploration. While offering appropriate meaning at the
onset of Islam, they yield amore elaboratemeaning today, and it is likely
that future generations may discover an even deeper meaning in them.
Therefore we see that onemiraculous feature of theQur’an is its ability
to offer knowledge to each generation according to its capacity without
contradicting existing facts, in harmonywith the realities of the universe,
yielding new and more profound meaning to successive generations.
For each of Allah’s Messengers there was an exclusive miracle and that
of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was theQur’an itself.With the very
nature of the Qur’an standing as a miraculous proof of the Prophet’s
divine mission, Allah ensured that both the code of injunctions and
its eternal message would be forever safeguarded from falsification.
To protect the Qur’an integrity, Allah made it clear in His divine
verse: “Lo! We, even We, reveal the Reminder and lo! We verily
are its Guardian.” (Surah Al-Hijr 15:9) that He had undertaken the
task of its preservation. Moreover, as the Qur’an itself is a miracle, it
was essential that its textual authenticity be preserved, as corruption
of the text would diminish the miracle.
One can discern from the reverence inwhichMuslims hold theQur’an
another of the divine safeguards that guarantee its authenticity. Despite
that lack of spiritual concern that generally characterizes present day
living, there has, nevertheless, been a resolute effort to preserve and
propagate the text of the Qur’an. Throughout the Islamic world it is
common for a Muslim to possess one or more copies of the text. It
is carried in cars, while at home one or more copies can be found.
This determinationandzest bymankind tohonor, preserveandpropagate
the Qur’an has no other explanation than it being an act of Allah and the
fulfillment the promise made by Him. It is not a human endeavor per se.
Oddly enough, many of those who keep a copy of the Qur’an in
their cars, homes, pockets or on their library shelf are not always so
eager to implement its divine injunctions, and frequently fail to give
any convincing justification for this paradoxical behavior. It appears,
therefore, that despite our reluctance to carry out and adhere to
the norms of behavior prescribed in the Qur’an, our concern and
care to preserve it has not diminished.
In the past, Allah’s Messengers were sent to different societies and
communities to remedy their ills and guide them to salvation. As each
of these communities had its own particular afflictions, messengers
were sent with the predetermined task of remedying those ills alone. In
some instances, more than one messenger was sent. Sometimes these
communities were widely scattered and knew nothing of the other’s
existence. Each messenger’s task was, therefore, designed to treat the
ills of a particular community or society.
These afflictions were not always the same. Some communities were
pagans and worshipped man-made idols, while others wallowed in
sinful living or festered in corruption and dishonesty. As transport and
communications have developed, the whole of mankind has become
one large community. As a result of this development, people of all
nations have come closer to each other and as they have, at the same
time the ills and afflictions of one nation eventually affects other nations
in similar ways.
As a result, Allah sent the Qur’an as a means of deliverance for the
whole of mankind.
Allah conveyed to the Prophet Abraham (PBUH) glad tidings regard-
ing the birth of elite Prophets, Ishaq and Ya’qub (peace be upon
them). The Holy Qur’an says:
We gave him Ishaq and Ya’qub. Each of themWe made a Prophet.
And We gave them of Our mercy and assigned to them a high
and true renown. (Qur’an 19:49-50)
Qualities of the Prophet Ya’qub
The Prophet Ya’qub (PBUH) was the son of Prophet Ishaq (PBUH)
and his wife Rebecca. He was born at Palestine. He passed his life
exactly in the footsteps of his father and grandfather. He had full
faith in the Oneness of God. He directed his followers to do good
and shun evil. He advised them to keep up prayer and give alms.
He was a man of peace and wisdom. God showered His blessings
on him and his kith and kin. The Holy Qur’an affirms:
And We gave him tidings of the birth of Ishaq, a Prophet of the
righteous and We showered Our blessings on him and on Ishaq
and of their offspring are some who do good and some who
plainly wrong their own selves. (Qur’an 37:113)
At the age of sixty the Prophet Ishaq (PBUH) was blessed with a pair
of twins namely Esau and Ya’qub. Esau was a hunter and provided
his aged parents with meat. Ya’qub was chosen to be the Prophet
of the Bani Israel (Israelites).
His Marriage and Offspring
It is narrated that his uncle Laban made Prophet Ya’qub (PBUH)
serve him for seven years on promise to marry Rachel with him.
At the end of this period the marriage was solemnized. Later on
he entered into matrimonial contract with three more women.
The Prophet Ya’qub (PBUH) had four wives and twelve sons who
became the progenitors of twelve tribes. The Prophet Yusuf (PBUH)
and Benjamin were from Rachel. The Prophet Ya’qub (PBUH) had
great affection for them.
Plot Against Prophet Ya’qub
As the offsprings of his other wives were jealous of Prophet Yusuf
(PBUH) they hatched out a plan to separate Yusuf from his father.
They took him out on a lame excuse of tending sheep and threw
him into a waterless well. They came back home shedding croc-
odile tears and said: “A wolf has devoured Yusuf.” Ya’qub (PBUH)
suspected foul play on the part of his sons. He bore with patience
the mental torture to which he was subjected in his old age. He
wept bitterly day and night and lost his eyesight. After a long time
he came to know that Prophet Yusuf (PBUH) was alive. He was the
custodian of storehouse in Egypt. The Prophet Ya’qub (PBUH) along
with the whole family proceeded towards Egypt on the invitation
of his son. They were awarded a warm reception. He settled in
Egypt. He died at the age of 140 years. He was buried in Hebron
(al-Khalil) according to his will.
When the Prophet Ya’qub (PBUH) was on the point of death, he
called his sons and held conversation with them. It is mentioned
in the following Verses of the Holy Qur’an:
The same did Abraham enjoin upon his sons, and also Ya’qub
(saying): O’ my sons! Lo! Allah has chosen for you the true reli-
gion, therefore die not save as men who have surrendered (unto
Him) or were you present when death came to Ya’qub when he
said to his sons: What will you worship after me? They said:
We shall worship your God, God of your fathers, Abraham and
Ishaq, One God and unto Him we have surrendered.” (Quran